Ratno Yizkor Book
The Story of the Destroyed Jewish Community
Dedicated To the Memory of a Vanished Jewish Town In Ukraine
(Ratne, Ukraine)

Translation of
Ratne; sipura shel kehila yehudit she-hushmeda

Published by the Yizkor Books in Print Project
part of Yizkor Books Project of JewishGen, Inc.

Original Yizkor Book Published by
The Former Residents of Ratno In Israel Tel-Aviv 1983
Translation Project Coordinator: Lynne Siegel
Editors: Nachman Tamir
Layout: Jonathan Wind
Cover Design: Nina Schwartz
Name Indexing: Jonathan Wind
Hard Cover, 11” by 8.5”, 590 pages with all original illustrations and photographs

 

Details:

The marshy garrison town of Ratno—Which at different times would be part of Lithuania, Poland, and Ukraine—began on the banks of the Pripyat River in the 14th century. Jewish presence there grew from about 12 families in 1565 to 1,554 people, or 64.5% of the population, in 1921. Jews were active in the town's civic life; some became city council members. Jews made their living as tailors, seamstresses, shoemakers, furniture makers, millers, manufacturers, builders and carpenters. In the 1920s, Ratno boasted a famous synagogue, several cheders, including one for girls; a Tarbut school of 200 students, a library with a drama club, two competing Zionist youth groups, and a chapter of the Women's International Zionist Organization.

On June 28, 1941 the German Wehrmacht occupied the town. With the Ukrainian auxiliary police, they began a reign of anti-Jewish measures and killings. In spring 1942 the Germans established a ghetto, forcing 2,500 Jews to live there. After a partisan raid, more than 110 Jews were shot “in retaliation.” On August 26, 1942, the Gestapo, the German constabulary and Ukrainian auxiliary police, murdered the ghetto's entire population. In February 1943 the remaining Jews were also murdered.

Almost nothing remains of this rich, vibrant Jewish community. This book—a new translation of the 1983 book published in Israel— preserves its memory for future generations.

 

Alternate names: Russian: Ратно, Ukrainian: Ратно, Yiddish: Ratne ראַטנע, Polish: Ratno

 

Located at 51°40' N 24°31' E 274 miles WNW of Kyyiv

 

Nearby Jewish Communities:

    Dubechne 10 miles SW
    Kortelesy 14 miles NNW
    Shchedrohir 15 miles NE
    Datyn' 15 miles SE
    Kamen Kashirskiy 19 miles E
    Malaryta, Belarus 20 miles WNW
    Divin, Belarus 21 miles N
    Mala Hlusha 22 miles ENE
    Nesukhoyezhe 23 miles SE
    Velyka Hlusha 25 miles ENE
    Charniany, Belarus 26 miles NNW
    Shatsk 27 miles WSW

 

List price: $62.95, available from JewishGen for $37

 


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