Memorial Book of Kolomey
(Kolomyya, Ukraine)

 

Translation of
Pinkas Kolomey

Published by the Yizkor Books in Print Project
part of Yizkor Books Project of JewishGen, Inc.

Editor of Original Yizkor Book: Shlomo Bickel
Project Coordinators: Claire Hisler Shefftz z”l and Dr. Ben Nachman
Layout and Name Indexing: Jonathan Wind
Cover Design: Rachel Kolokoff Hopper
Reproduction of Photographs: Sondra Ettlinger
Hard Cover, 8.5” by 11”, 342 pages with original photographs

Available from JewishGen for $31

 

Details:

Kolomey (Kolomyya), Ukraine is located on the Prut river, 40 miles from Ivano-Frankivsk. The city is approximately halfway between Lviv and Chernivtsi (Czernowitz), in the center of the historical region of Pokuttya.

On the eve of the Second World War Kolomey Jews numbered about 19,000 (45% of the city's population). This community was culturally vibrant and complex, and its influence on the Jewish culture of Galicia was significant. Before the Holocaust there were approximately 50 operational synagogues in Kolomey, diverse Hassidic kloizes and a Zionist synagogue. Jewish political and cultural organizations which developed towards the end of the 19th century enriched communal life, and the city was home to a variety of educational institutions, reflecting a wide array of ideological stances. A public library, named after Y. L. Peretz, operated in the city between the two World Wars.

Kolomey's Jews had an important role in the economic development of the region. There were many Jewish businesses in the city: flour mills, beer breweries, banks, tanneries, weaving and prayer shawls factories and brick-making factories, oil refineries and more.

Jewish printers published books and other materials, not only for Jews but also for their Christian neighbors – Polish and Ukrainian.

Beginning in the second half of the 19th century, Jews took an active part in the communal and political life of the city. Some were chosen as representatives for the Galician Sejm and the Vienna Parliament. Jews had respectable representation in municipal government and Jewish representatives were even appointed to mayoral and vice-mayoral positions.

During the Holocaust all of the Jews of Kolomey and its surrounding areas were concentrated in a ghetto comprised of three separate sections. During 1942 these sections were burned and the entire population of the ghetto was destroyed: some were murdered in the city streets, others were taken to the Belzec extermination camp, and the rest were shot in the near-by forest.

This Yizkor Book serves as a memorial to all the victims of the Shoah from Kolomey.

 

Kolomyya, Ukraine is located at 4832' N, 2502' E

 

Alternate names of the Town:

Kolomyya [Ukr, Rus], Kołomyja [Pol], Kolomea [Yid, Ger], Colomeea [Rom], Kolimeya, Kolimia, Kolomai, Kolomey, Kolomyia

 

Nearby Jewish Communities:

Pechenizhyn 7 miles W
Yabluniv 10 miles SSW
Dzhurkiv 10 miles NE
Pistyn 12 miles S
Hvizdets 12 miles ENE
Zabolotiv 12 miles ESE
Lanchyn 13 miles W
Obertyn 13 miles NNE
Demiche 13 miles ESE
Rozhniv 15 miles SE
Khotymyr 15 miles N
Banya Bereziv 15 miles WSW
Kosiv 15 miles SSE
Bili Oslavy 15 miles W
Dzhuriv 16 miles SE
Otyniya 16 miles NNW
Chortovets 16 miles NE
Moskalivka 16 miles S
Miliyeve 18 miles SE


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