Ejszyszki, its History and Destruction

Translation of
Eishishok, koroteha ve-hurbana
(Eišiškes, Lithuania)

Published by the JewishGen Press

Editor of Original Yizkor Book: Sh. Barkeli
Cover Design: Nina Schwartz, Impulse Graphics
Project Coordinator: Judy Baston
Layout: Jonathan Wind
Name Indexing: Jonathan Wind
6”x9” 186 pages, hardcover with original photos

Available from for $30.00


The Jewish community of Eišiškes (Yiddish: Eishishok), Lithuania, dated back to the 11th century.

Jews in this small town in Lithuania were once 75% of the town's population.

They traded in wood, cattle, and grain, ran restaurants, bakeries, inns, and stores. They opened mills, factories, and leather and fur workshops. The community boasted three prayer houses, several chadarim and yeshivot, a girls' private school, and, in the 1920s, a Hebrew school. Cultural, sports, and Zionist clubs flourished, along with a library, recreation areas, children's camps, live theatre, and even a cinema.

This thriving Jewish community came to a sudden end in the fall of 1941. On September 22, Jewish men aged 18-40 were taken from the market and synagogue, brought to the old cemetery, forced to lie in pits, and shot. The following day, women, children, and old people were shot, as well as Jews brought from other towns.

What was life here like, before and during the Holocaust? For the first time in English translation, the words of survivors and emigres bring Jewish Eishishok back to life.

May this book be a memorial to those who lived, worked and dreamed in Eishishok.


Alternate names for the town:

Eišiškes [Lith], Eshishuk [Yid], Ejszyszki [Pol], Eishishki [Rus], Eišišķes [Latv], Aisheshuk, Aishishak, Aishishuk, Eishishuk, Eishyshok, Eyshishkes, Eyshishok, Aišiškės

Eišiškes, Lithuania is located at 54°10' N 25°00' E and 38 miles SSW of Vilnius.


Nearby Jewish Communities:

Radun, Belarus 8 miles S   Lida, Belarus 23 miles SSE
Voranava, Belarus 14 miles E   Jašiunai 24 miles NE
Valkininkai 14 miles NNW   Dieveniškės 25 miles E
Byenyakoni, Belarus 16 miles ENE   Panošiškes 26 miles NNW
Degsnės 16 miles NNW   Onuškis 27 miles NW
Varėna 18 miles W   Vasilishki, Belarus 27 miles SSW
Šalčininkai 18 miles ENE   Lipnishki, Belarus 28 miles ESE
Lieponys 22 miles NNW   Daugai 30 miles WNW


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