Memorial book of Tiktin
(Tykocin, Poland)

53°12' / 22°47'

Translation of
Sefer Tiktin

Edited by: M. Bar-Yuda, Z. Ben-Nahum, Tel Aviv, 1959



Project Coordinator

George Cabat


This is a translation from: Sefer Tiktin (Memorial book of Tiktin), Editors: M. Bar-Yuda, Z. Ben-Nahum, Tel Aviv,
Former Residents of Tiktin in Israel, 1959 (H 606 pages).

Notes: The original book can be seen online at the NY Public Library site: Tykocin
  Some Polish translations from the book are available at:

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Translated by Sara Mages


And you shell tell your son… The Editorial Board  
Tykocin {poem} A Yoav  
Tykocin – A Jewish Metropolis    
The historical background of the Jewish settlement in Tykocin The lawyer Menachem Tamir (Turek) 11
Tykocin   14
The history of Tykocin based on historical events   22
The history of Tykocin's Jewry   26
The Rabbis of Tykocin Moshe Zinowich  
HaRav Mordechai, Tykocin's first Rabbi   62
HaRav Binyamin Aharon Harif   63
HaRav Menachem David son of Yitzchak (Maharam[1] from Tykocin)   63
Maharsha[2]   64
HaRav Yehoshua son of Yosef (“Maginei Shlomo”)   65
HaRav Eliezer Lipman Heilprin   68
HaRav Yitzchak Aisek Heilprin   69
HaRav Eliezer   70
HaRav Aryeh Yehudah Leib (“Shaagat Aryeh” the small )   71
HaRav Moshe Ziskind Rotenberg   72
HaRav Naftali Hirtz   73
HaRav Eliyahu Shapira (“Eliyahu Rabbah”)   74
HaRav Yakov son of the genius Rabbi Yitzchak   75
HaRav Meir HaLevi Ish Horowitz (Maharam[1] from Tykocin)   77
HaRav Shalom Rokeah (“Maaseih Rokeah”)   78
HaRav Asher Kamatz   80
HaRav Efraim Fishel   82
HaRav Mordechai HaLevi   83
HaRav Moshe Zev (“Maraos Hatzovoas“)   84
HaRav Aryeh Leib   85
HaRav Yitzchak Ajzik Heber (“Beit Yitzchak“)   87
HaRav Yehoshua Aisek Shapira (R' Aisel Harif[3] author of “Noam Yerushalmi”)   89
HaRav Yehoshua   92
HaRav Asher Cohen (“Brachat Rosh”)   93
HaRav Tzvi Hirsh   94
HaRav Eliezer Yitzchak Aisek Elkes   94
HaRav Shimon Dover Enlik   95
HaRav Tzvi Yehudah Koslewitch   98
HaRav Avraham Tzvi Pinchas   99
HaRav Yisrael Yakov Lider   104
HaRav Avraham Kalmanowich   104
HaRav Aba Sweticki   109
The last fifty years of Jewish Tykocin    
The relationships between the Poles and the Jews    
  Yisrael Meir Cohen 113
  Simcha Schulman 116
Synagogues and Batei Midrash    
The great synagogue the “Shul”   117
Beit Hamidrash   121
The Hassidim and the Shtiebel   122
The Alternate Congregation (Society)   124
The 'Chumash' (Torah) Congregation   125
Economy and Livelihood    
Until the First World War   127
From the First World War and further   133
The letter of the community secretary to Tykocin's landsleit in Chicago   137
Aid and Welfare Institutions    
Charitable institutions   143
Linat Tzedek” and Bikur Holim   145
Aid from the United States   146
Personalities and Characters    
R' Yankele' Levinson   155
R' Yerucham Brash   158
R' Shmuel Leib Shapira   159
R' Alter Hersh Palkes Alperowich   160
R' Berel Leib Glikman   163
R' Baruch Surawicz   163
R' Mordechai Pins   164
R' Yisrael Chaim Shoshkes   166
Chezkel Sara Malka's   167
HaRav Simcha Shmuel Shulman- Shmuel Halyota, Ritual Slaughterer 169
R' Shmuel Halyota the slaughterer   171
Ziril Lisanski   175
R' Avraham Yitzchak Paktsrazh   176
R' Yisrael Buber   178
R' Shlomo Pins   179
R' Avraham Turek The lawyer Menachem Tamir (Turek) 181
R' Yisrael Cohen   183
Natan the mad   184
Yosef the water-drawer   186
Shalom Rosenberg   187
To the history of the Jewish Education Yisrael Meir Cohen 189
Yeshivot and “Haderim” in Tykocin   194
The Government School   198
Beit Yaakov   201
Zionism and Youth    
Introduction and overview   203
The immigration to Eretz-Yisrael   213
The “Youth Committee”   215
Tarbut” Library and the amateur theatre   216
Tzeirei Zion” and “HeHalutz   221
Hashomer Hatzair   227
Torah Va'Avodah” Movement   233
Tykocin's sons and daughters are telling    
Tykocin three hundred years ago and the period after HaRav L. Pinchas 239
Tykocin's Legends and Customs HaRav Yosef Pinchas Levinson 244
The Narew River in Tykocin Simcha Schulman 247
Some Memories of Childhood Kolya Burstein 249
Tykocin's residents HaRav Chaim Lachover 251
The strike Yisrael Meir Cohen 254
Mutual assistance Tykocin Yisrael Meir Cohen 255
Fragments of memories Eliezer Paritz 257
Characters from the town Miriam Appelbaum- Seitz 259
The Zionist Movement in Tykocin, its leaders and activists Yitzchak Turek 265
I will not forget you Tykocin Eliezer Tamir (Turek) 271
My town Bella Zilbershtein Czeszler 275
Childhood memories Miriam Adelstein 277
R' Zeidel Tiktiner (HaRav Zeidel Simiatycki)   279
All [Y] (poem) Chaim Simiatycki 282
Old-New Stories/Histories [Y] (poem) HaRav Eliezer Schulman 284
G-d [Y] (poem) Liba Burstein 286
The Families of Tykocin   287
Index of Families
Tykocin in Ruins    
“El Maleh Rahamim”   427
The Holocaust in Tykocin   431
These I Shall Remember – The list of Tykocin's Martyrs   441
Tears and Lamentations - For the Slain Daughters of My People Rabbi Avraham Kalmanowich 469
Tales of Tykocin Holocaust Survivors    
The Story of Kopel Percowicz (Pikervitz)   473
The story of Yitzchak Peler   485
The Story of Eliezer Choroszucha   493
The Story of Avraham Kapiza   506
The Story of Avraham Yablonovich   516
The Story of Bezalel Wiloga   523
The Story of Yona–Taivel and Her Brother Fishl Silverstein   527
The story of Mordecai Brener   536
The Story of Sharaga Perko (Fejwel Prezik) – A Tykocin Holocaust Survivor   547
The Story of Eliezer Olsztejn a Holocaust Survivor   556
The Story of Attorney Menachem Tamir (Turek)   563
Tykocin after the Holocaust Att. Menachem Tamir (Turek) 583
Registry of Holocaust Survivors   590
Tykocin's sons who fell for their nation and for their country    
Tzvi Turek May the Lord avenge his blood   591
Yakov Meic May the Lord avenge his blood   593
Simcha Pinchasi May the Lord avenge his blood   594
Moshe Zilberman Of blessed memory   598
A supplement to the list of martyrs   601
Errata   602
Table of Contents   603

  1. Maharam – Hebrew acronym for Morenu Ha-Rav Menachm – Our teacher the rabbi Menachem Return
  2. Maharsha - Hebrew acronym for “Our Teacher, the Rabbi Shmuel Eidels” Return
  3. Aisel Harif – Rabbi Yehoshua Aisek was known as Aisel the Sharp Intellect Return

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