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[Page 287]

In Memory of
Dr. Simcha Margolies of blessed memory

Translated by Jerrold Landau


Hirsch Margolies
of blessed memory
His wife Ita
of blessed memory


Fania Margolies
of blessed memory

(wife of
Dr. Simcha Margolies)
Perished in Drohobycz
Dr. Simcha Margolies
of blessed memory

Died in Israel in 1968


The two sons of Dr. Simcha Margolies
On the right is Ulrich and on the left is Hendik
Both of them perished in the Holocaust


Dr. Shlomo Margolies was born in Podhajce, Galicia in 1888, where he received his early Jewish and general education. Like many of his era, at the beginning of the 20th century, he went to complete his education in the universities of the city of Vienna, where he completed a law degree before the outbreak of the First World War

In Vienna – the city where Binyamin Zeev Herzl took his first steps as the Zionist leader – the young Simcha joined the Zionist movement, to which he remained faithful until the day of his death.

At the beginning of the 1920s, Simcha Margolies came to the regional center of Drohobycz, where he opened a law office. He quickly became involved in the cultural and social life of the vibrant Jewry of that city. He took an honorable place in the Jewish society, and with the passage of time, he became their representative on the city council.

Along with his friends Dr. L. Tennenbaum and Dr. P. Adlersberg, Dr. Margolies served as the force of nationalist Jewry on the city council of Drohobycz. From that time on, he knew how to express concern for the small man and the worker. He set up a loan fund for their purposes in Drohobycz.

Dr. Margolies spend the terrible years of the Second World War in Drohobycz. He endured all the tribulations of the war in flesh, and he lost his wife and two sons.

At the end of the war, he ended up in Silesia, which was returned to Poland, where he began a short but most important era of his life. The activists of the “Habricha” could tell many stories about how Dr. Margolies was involved in rescuing the survivors.

The final, and certainly most pleasant, era of his life began in 1950 when he made aliya to the Land of Israel with his only surviving son and his daughter-in-law. His age (above 60) did not stop Dr. Margolies from sitting at the student's desk and studying the language of the Land and its laws. After a short time, he passed his tests, and obtained a permit to open a law office.

Even here, in Israel, he did not forego his greatest love – to occupy himself faithfully with the needs of the community. He found many people here from Drohobycz and the surrounding area. Along with them, he established the organization of Drohobycz natives, founded a benefit fund for the needy, published a memorial book for the destroyed community, and served as the address for new immigrants who were natives of Drohobycz and the area, several hundred of whom came to Israel during that era. The memorial evenings that were conducted under his direction, with the participation of hundreds of natives of his city, were very significant.

Dr. Simcha Margolies returned his soul to his Creator at an old age on April 1, 1961. His memory will not depart from the midst of the many who knew and appreciated him.

[Page 288]

In Memory of my
Father Yitzchak Pomerantz of blessed memory


Elyakim-Getzel Perl
of blessed memory,
the son of Zeinwil Perl,
a shochet and
cantor in Podhajce
Zeinwil Perl
of blessed memory

(the son of
Reb Gershon Perl)
Reb Gershon Perl
of blessed memory


My father of blessed memory was born into a rabbinical family in the city of Brzezany in the year 1859. He married Esther Kohn of the city of Podhajce in 1883, and settled in that city. He was involved in business, and was the owner of lands in Poczmiestrowka near Siulki. He sold these lands a few years prior to the First World War, after dividing them into small lots.

Yitzchak Pomerantz of blessed memory was the possessor of a broad Torah and secular erudition. He was familiar with world literature and was comfortable in all areas of science. He was also fully fluent in the German and Polish languages. He would interpret the Talmud according to his fundamental style, and his commentaries were often cited by rabbis of renown.

The mastery of general erudition did not come easy to him. He never attended the public school, and he was forced to acquire this knowledge discretely, in the attic or far from his house, so that this matter would be concealed from his pious father.

On account of his great expertise in Talmud and its commentaries, he maintained correspondence with famous rabbis. Among others, he maintained correspondence with Rabbi Shapira of Lublin and other famous personalities until the outbreak of the second World War.

As a modest man with a pleasant disposition, he always tended toward compromise. He displayed love and affection toward all people, and any feelings of dislike or hatred were foreign to his spirit. He supported Zionism with a full heart, and participated in all deeds of charity and benevolence.

He would flee from honor in his public life. He frequently pushed aside the recommendation of the townsfolk who urged him to serve as the head or vice-head of the community. Despite this, he willingly accepted the honors that were given to him in the local synagogue, such as the rights to be the Chatan Breishit[1] on Simchat Torah every year, and other honors of this nature.

His feelings for justice and righteousness, and the faith that the residents of the city placed in him can be shown by the fact that they would often turn to him with the request to serve as a mediator in various disputes, some of which were quite important. He always did this without any benefit to himself. The gabbaim (trustees) of the synagogue also often turned to him with requests for advice in matters related to their duties. Similarly, he was sensitive to the suffering of poor and lonely people, and he stood to their right at any occasion. Within the circle of his family, he displayed great understanding with regard to the education of his children, and he concerned himself with imparting appropriate education to all of them.

My father of blessed memory died in 1933. He had three sons and one daughter. One, Dr. Eliezer Pomerantz, was a lawyer in Podhajce, and died in 1930. The second, Dr. Binyamin Pomerantz, was a lawyer in Kolbuszowa, and perished along with his wife Anna at the hands of the Nazi murderers. The daughter Shoshana (Roza) died in Jerusalem in 1970, whereas her husband, Magister Chaim Kahana, who was a director in the treasury department in Lvov, was murdered by Hitler's troops. The third son is the writer of these lines, Dr. Matityahu Pomerantz, who lives with his wife Shoshana and two children in Jerusalem, the capital of Israel.

Dr. Matityahu Pomerantz.

[Page 289]


Yitzchak Shourz
of blessed memory

who died in Tel Aviv
on 27 Sivan, 5623 (1963)
Reb Moshe Shourz
of blessed memory

who died in Podhajce prior
to the Second World War


Mrs. Henia Shourz next to the gravestone
of her late husband, Yitzchak the son of
Moshe Yechezkel Shourz


The Torah dedication ceremony in the Ramah
Synagogue on Ben Yehuda Street in Tel Aviv
in memory of Yitzchak Shourz of blessed memory,
with the participation of the family members


Translator's Footnote

  1. The honor of being the first to be called up for an aliya in the new annual Torah reading cycle Return

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