48°03' / 25°37'
Translation of chapter
Czudyn from Volume II:
Geschichte der Juden in der Bukowina
Edited by: Hugo Gold
As told by: Max Rendel, Caracas Venezuela
Published in Tel Aviv, 1962
Jerome Silverbush zl
Under Austrian rule, the approximately 500 Jews who lived in the town of Czudyn
enjoyed a harmonious and secure existence. They administered their own
community and lived in peace with their mostly Ruthene neighbors. Jewish
interests were represented by the Kultusvorsteher
Mendl Gottesmann and Pinkas Scheuer. Moses Schwitz acted as deputy. Respected
members of the community leadership were: Abraham Srul Knauer, Chaim Laufer,
Moses Gruenberg, Dr. J. Ruhdoerfer, Moses Schuler, Chaim Singer, Josef Leib
Herschmann, Mordko Weisselberg, Benjamin Druckmann, Schloime Schaerf, Salomon
Singer, S. Druckmann, Juda Leib Stettner, and Seide Koffler. The rabbis were
Josef Sch.Babad and Mordko Horowitz. There was a Bikur Cholim
organization (chairman, Srul Knauer), the Esrat Israel ( leader: E. Rudich)
and a Talmud Torah association (president: David Grabscheid).
The Jewish doctors, Dr. Sandberg and Dr. Menezel cared for the sick.
This idyllic peace ended with the events of the First World War, but the Jewish population tried to accommodate themselves to the new situation and continued their usual activities under the Romanian regime as far as this was permitted. The Russian occupation in 1941 and later the wave of destruction under the influence of Nazi Germany in 1941 brought the sad end. In Czudyn occurred as we reported for other places the most horrible crimes. The Romanian Soldateska together with the farmers, from the evening of July 4 through July 5, 1941 with unparalleled cruelty destroyed all Jewish life.
1) The Jewish community in a town was know as the Kultusgemeinde. I simply use the term community. in my translations. The Austrian regime required that the communities be self governing using a prescribed form of organization including a president, vice president, a secretary and several committees. One of the committees was the Kultusvorstand.
2) The Bikur Cholim is an organization whose members visit the sick.
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