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[Page 365]

Memorial Candles

Translated by Ala Gamulka

Eli Abramovich

Eli Abramovich was born in 1881. He was one of the most important members of our community. He and his brother Bouya were great supporters of the Jewish community. Eli was always ready to listen to individual needs. If a horse belonging to the water carrier or the wagon driver or the cow of the milk maiden fell, they knew to come to R. Eli for help.

Eli also financed the pioneers so they could prepare themselves in the Hahshara.

On June 13, 1941, before the Nazis came to our town, his family was transferred to Russia by the Soviets. He himself was exiled to Siberia. There, he died of hunger on the 19th of November, 1942 in the Ibadel concentration camp in Sverdlovsk.

His burial place is unknown by his family.

May his soul be bound among the living together with other victims of the Holocaust.

Written by his son,


Yehoshua Otzkovsky

He was born in 1915 in Bendery. In his youth he was active in the youth movement “Gordonia”.

He made Aliyah in 1936 and immediately joined the Haganah. He served for five years in the British police. Upon leaving, he received a high commendation for his services. (Haganah order #173)

When the War of Independence broke out Yehoshua joined the Israel Defense Forces and served in the Galil and the Jezreel Valley. He attained the rank of sergeant major and was described by his commanding officer as “a devoted and true combatant for many years”.

This is an accurate description of Yehoshua's character. He was always ready to help others. His commanders saw these aspects of his character.

In the same manner that he fulfilled his public obligations, he was also a loving and loyal husband. Unfortunately, he was stricken with a mortal disease and he was unable to overcome it. He died at the age of 54.

May his memory be blessed!


[Page 366]

Yitzhak Otzkovsky

The son of Yaffa and Avraham, he was born in Bendery in 1909. He was a member of “Hechalutz” in his town.

He made Aliyah in 1929.

He died on July 11, 1970.

May his Memory be blessed.

His wife Tzilla and his daughters Neta and Aviva


Avraham and Yaffa Otzkovsky

Y.M. Eidelman, his wife Liba,
their daughter Mindel and her bridegroom

A Cup of Sorrows

In memory of my unforgettable parents my father Yosef Mendel and my mother Liba Eidelman, z”l, who were killed during the war at the beginning of 1940. They were bombed by the Germans while they were wandering in the Caucasus.

May their souls be among the souls of the living.

Yehiel Efrati


[Page 367]

Yitzhak Bauh, Efraim Bauh, Zina Bauh
Mordehai Atlis, Massya Atlis
A Memorial to my dear Family members

My father and teacher Mordehai, son of Israel, was born in 1875. He died on 8 Tammuz 1936.

My mother and teacher Massya, daughter of Efraim, was born in 1878 and died on 19 Elul 1969.

My sister, Zina Bauh, her husband, Yitzhak Bauh, born in 1906, fell in the battle of Stalingrad in World War II. He was an officer in the Red Army.

Israel (Sonya) Atlis, Tel Aviv


Hersh Weisser and his wife Haya-Baila

They lived on Haruzina Street in Bendery in the house of Kardonsky.

Hersh was born in Peshtzan in 1864. He was one of the scholars in town. In his youth he studied in Yeshiva and was certified to become a Dayan (judge). However, he never abused his status. After he married Haya-Baila, the daughter of Samuel Bronfman, he settled in Bendery and earned his living running a flour store on Haruzina Street (near Rachman's store). He had two sons and three daughters who were all well educated.

He died in 1932 at the age of 68. May his soul be among the souls of the living.

His wife, Haya-Baila, his daughter Vera Shagansky, his young son Shmuel (Moussia), his daughter Sarah (Sonya) Marmis, her husband David Marmis and two sons were all killed by the Nazis.


[Page 368]

Hersh Weisser, his wife, Haya-Baila and their family

Shaul (Shoel)-Leib Burris, Arye Burs and his wife Hanna-Ethel

They lived on Komandtskaya Street, corner Pushkin in Bender.

Shoel-Leib was one of most respected leaders in town. He was a merchant of wheat and wines. He was pious and a follower of the Rabbi from Sadigura. He attended services in the Sadigura synagogue. He was a generous donor to all Jewish institutions in town.

He died in 1927 at the age of 63.

His wife, Hanna-Ethel was a good housekeeper. She helped in the business and was active in Jewish institutions, such as the Jewish Hospital, Ezrat Nashim, and others.

She died in 1937 at the age of 75.

They had six sons and two daughters and all received a good Jewish education. They were fortunate to see all of their children settled.

May their souls be among the souls of the living!

Shaul-Leib Burris, his wife Hanna-Ethel and their family


[Page 369]

Hanna Broun – Haim Broun
This is what I remember from the depth of my being:

My mother and teacher Miriam Broun died in 1929 at the age of 49.

My father and mentor, Haim Broun, died during his wanderings in 1948 at the age of 64.

My beloved sister, Hanna Broun, died in 1955 at the age of 46.

My dear brother-in-law, A. Prakansky, died in 1946 at the age of 50.

May their souls be among the souls of the living!

Moshe Baron


Misha Betlzer

“When my time comes, wrap me in a blue and white”, requested Misha Betlzer of his parents. The parents were distant from Judaism, but the son had a strong love for Zion in his heart.

Misha was a talented young man and had a poetic soul. He wrote poetry in Russian and they were published as well. His life was full of poetry, mathematics, music and Zionism.

He used to lecture to the youth groups about different topics: Nietzsche's philosophy, Borochov's beliefs, literary subjects, etc.

Unfortunately, due to ill health, he was unable to fulfill the dream of Aliyah in which he believed whole-heartedly. He was grieved over this event.

He went to study at the University of Lieges in Belgium in the hope that he would be useful to his homeland and his people after graduation. He hoped to make Aliyah, but that day never came…

His disease weakened him and ended his hopes and aspirations. He died of Tuberculosis before his 19th birthday.

Dear Misha, may your name be forever inscribed in the annals of our town.

Your childhood friend,
L. Sh.


A Candle in Memory of the Bromberg Family of Bendery

The father, AVRAHAM (Zeidel), son of Haim-Yaakov Bromberg, arrived in Eretz Israel in 1955.

He died on 1.12.1964.

The mother, SHEVA, daughter of Asher, died in Russia during the evacuation (when the Germans were advancing to the Caspian Sea). It was on 13.2.1942.

The daughter, MANYA, was born in 1921. She died in Russia, close to the time of her mother's death, on 3.3.1942.

The oldest son, Asher, was born in 1917. He was killed while serving as a soldier in the Red Army on the Finnish front, on 28.1.1942.

May their souls be among the souls of the living!

The son and brother who is in mourning,
Zeev Bromberg


[Page 370]

Brothers Eliezer and Moshe Buchbinder

In the annals of Aliyah from Bendery, a special spot should be kept for the Buchbinder brothers. They were among the first pioneers. Shlomo Buchbinder was the first. He came in 1913, with the Second Aliyah, with two friends from Bendery. These were Raphael Shufman (later a resident of Kfar Yehezkel) and the author Zina Rabinovitch. They made Aliyah with Joseph Trumpeldor and Shlomo Levkovitch (Lavi) who was one of the founders of Ein Harod. Eliezer Buchbinder came with the Third Aliyah.

The two brothers grew up in a traditional home in Bendery. Their parents were the tailor Haim-Yehuda and his wife Sosia. Shlomo planned to make Aliyah before the First World War, but his parents opposed him claiming that it will be the Messiah who will bring the Jews to Eretz Israel. Shlomo went through many trials and tribulations. He worked in security In Kolandia (Atarot), Jerusalem, Kineret, Rosh Pina, Ayelet Hashachar, Tel Hai, Ein Harod, Tel Aviv and others. He was also involved in guarding the Eitz Haim Yeshiva in Jerusalem in 1920. In those days he was invited, with others, by Chief Rabbi Kook to the Third Meal. The Rabbi received them warmly and congratulated encouraged them on the good deed of protecting man and Torah with all their might.

His only son Yitzhak (Buchy) Buchbinder followed in his father's ways. He was a member of Ramat Hanegev kibbutz and was killed, during the War of Independence, while fighting over a road in Hulikat. He died on 18.7.1948 at the age of 19.

Shlomo Buchbinder is especially remembered for his impressive visit to the Hashomer Hatzair in Bendery in 1922. He spoke about the lives of the pioneers in Eretz Israel and the defense of Tel Hai. Our young people heard, from him, for the first time the song Hava Nagila. When we made Aliyah we remembered him fondly and stayed in touch for many years. He truly was a pleasant and gentle man.

He wrote the following lines to his friend P. I. on the picture with his brother Eliezer in Jerusalem in 1922: “… A day will come when each one of us will be in his special corner, but we will still remember the good and the bad days we spent together…” This shows his generosity and fine character.

I last visited Shlomo Buchbinder in 1973and he showed me Joseph Trumpeldor's belt. He had exchanged it with him to have a memento and as a sign of their friendship.

I met his brother Eliezer in Haifa during a difficult period of unemployment and real hunger. He worked as a tailor at that time. He was a kind and good man and he shared his tiny apartment with me. It was a small tent near fig trees on the hill of Hadar Hacarmel.

Over the years, in difficult times, Eliezer began to work on a ship. He left the country and we lost track of him. There are many versions of the story of his disappearance. It is not clear whether he drowned in a sunken ship or during World War II and the Holocaust. We only know he is no longer among us.

May their souls be bound among the souls of the living!

Mordehai Sever


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