The Beauty of the Mountains of Yore;
the Karpatorus-Marmarosh Exile
(Zakarpatska (Region), Ukraine)

Translation of
Sefer shefer harere kedem;
golat Karpatorus-Marmarosh be-tifartahu-ve-hurbanah

Editor: Shlomo Rosman

Published in Brooklyn 1991

This is a translation of: Sefer shefer harere kedem; golat Karpatorus-Marmarosh be-tifartahu-ve-hurbanah
(The beauty of the mountains of yore; the Karpatorus-Marmarosh exile),
Editor: Shlomo Rosman, Published: Brooklyn 1991 (H 528 pages)

This material is made available by JewishGen, Inc. and the Yizkor Book Project for the purpose of
fulfilling our mission of disseminating information about the Holocaust and destroyed Jewish communities.
This material may not be copied, sold or bartered without JewishGen, Inc.'s permission. Rights may be reserved by the copyright holder.

JewishGen, Inc. makes no representations regarding the accuracy of the translation. The reader may wish to refer to the original material for verification.
JewishGen is not responsible for inaccuracies or omissions in the original work and cannot rewrite or edit the text to correct inaccuracies and/or omissions.
Our mission is to produce a translation of the original work and we cannot verify the accuracy of statements or alter facts cited.




Translated by Yocheved Klausner

Chapter   Page
1 - A charming land, rich in tradition - Under the rule of the Czechoslovakian Republic - The Karpatorus Jewry in the framework of the Jewish Diaspora - The spiritual life - The simple and genuine life - Special figures of laboring people - The structure of the villages and towns - A Jewry rooted in the tradition of the Fathers - The framework of the Holy Communities 17
2 - Great Torah Scholars in the positions of chief Rabbis - The Rabbi's House - A leading place of discussions of The Law [Halacha] - The influence of the Rabbi on his community members - Fiery speeches and sermons - Rabbis and Geonim [genius-scholars], ADMORs, Heads of Yeshivas and Judges who served in the Holy Communities of Karpatorus - Marmarosh 40
3 - Great cities in Karpatorus - Ungvar, the capital of Karpatorus - Rabbi Yehuda Leibush Bodek-Reisman - Rabbi Gedalia Richtseit - Rabbi Yehuda Fried - Rabbi Zvi-Hersh Heller - The Great Scholar MAHARAM ASH [R'Meir Eisenstatder] - Rabbi Menachem ASH - Rabbi Chaim Zvi Mannheimer - Rabbi Elazar Lev - Rabbi Avraham Yosef Greenwald - Ungvar's last rabbi - “For the sanctification of the Holy Name” [Al Kidush Hashem] 78
4 - Beregszasz - The mark of the HATAM SOFER - Rabbi Yitzhak Rachlitz - Rabbi Avraham Yehuda Leib Hakohen Schwartz - Rabbi Shlomo Sofer - Rabbi Avraham Shlomo Hirsch - Rabbi Asher Steinmetz - Rabbi Aharon Raate - The ADMOR from Beregszasz - Toldot Aharon - From Budapest to Szatmar - His Aliya to Eretz Israel - The relocation of his “court” to Beregszasz - His settling in the Holy City Jerusalem 87
5 - Great Berezna - An old and beautiful community - Rabbi Avraham Broda - Rabbi Yoel Zvi Raate - Rabbi Shalom Sofer - Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Sofer.- 110
6 - Volove - From the Carpathian mountaintops - Rabbi Aharon Meir Friedlander - Rabbi Alexander Zvi Klingberg - Rabbi Mordechai Eliezer Weber - Rabbi Meir ASH - Rabby Israel Yakov Yukel Teitelboim - Rabbi Aharon Teitelboim - The last rabbi of Volove 118
7 - Hust - A fortified city - The Cedars of Lebanon - The first rabbi in Hust - Rabbi Yakov Gottlieb - Rabbi Menachem ASH - Rabbi Shmuel Smelke Klein - Rabbi Moshe Schik - Rabbi Amram Blohem - Rabbi Yoel Zvi Raate - Rabbi Moshe Greenwald - Rabbi Avraham Yosef Greenwald - Rabbi Yosef Zvi Dushinski - Rabbi Yehoshua Greenwald 130
8 - Munkacs - A city of a large population - The first Jewish settlers - A magnificient rabbinic tradition - Raising the flag of Hassidism - Rabbi Azriel Green - Rabbi Efraim Fishl Horowitz - Great agitation in Hungary - Rabbi Chaim Sofer - The author of Shem Shelomo - The author of Darchei Teshuva - Rabbi Chaim Elazar Shapira - Rabbi Baruch Rabinowitz - A City of Torah and Charity - Continuing the “Golden Chain” 155
9 - The Holy Community of Swalive - Rabbi Yitzhak Aizik Weiss - Rabbi Shalom Goldenberg - Rabbi Chaim Leib Goldenberg 177
10 - Szeles - Nature's blessing and beauty - Rabbi Ya'ir Katz - Rabbi Baruch, father of the author of the Tanya - Rabbi Yehuda Hakohen Heller - Rabbi Chaim Meir Zev Hakohen Seelenfreund - Rabbi Falk - Rabbi Eliezer Lipman Stein - Rabbi Chaim Moshe Hakohen - Rabbi Shmuel Shmelke Klein - Rabbi Pinchas Chaim Klein - Rabbi Yosef Nechemia Karnitzer - Rabbi Shlomo Israel Klein 183
11 - Seredna - An old community = Rabbi Shalom Adler - Rabbi Menachem Yehuda Adler - Rabbi Yitzhak Aizik Adler - The last rabbis in Seredna and the Region 198
12 - Kaszani - A seething Chassidic center - Rabbi Yehosef Rothenberg - Rabbi Chaim Shlomo Rothenberg - The last rabbi in Kaszani 204
13 - Rachov - Rabbi Israel Chaim Friedman - Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Friedman 210
14 - Sighet - The most beautiful city of Marmarosh - Rabbi Yitzhak Zvi son of R'Moshe Avraham - Rabbi Yehuda Hakohen Heller - Rabbi Menachem Mendel Stern - Rabbi Elazar Nissan Teitelboim - Rabbi Yosef Stern - Rabbi Yekutiel Yehuda Teitelboim - Rabbi Chananya Yom-Tov Lipa Teitelboim - Rabbi Chaim Zvi Teitelboim - Rabbi Yekutiel Yehuda Teitelboim - The magnificent Sighet-Satmar kingdom - Rabbi Yoel Teitelboim - Krali, Head of the Religious Court - The Satmar Rabbinate - Years of stress and suffering - The return of the Good Old Days [lit. “return of the Crown”] - Rabbi Moshe Teitelboim - Upholding the heritage of the great scholar of Satmar 216
15 - The cradle of Hassidism - Hassidism is spreading to remote places - Responsibility for the future of the Nation - Journeys of spiritual awakening - The journey to the Rabbi - The Hassidim before the destruction 244
16 The Wizhnitz Dynasty - Rabbi Yakov Kopil Hassid - Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Kasov - Rabbi Chaim of Kasov - Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Wizhnitz - Rabbi Baruch the author of Imrei Baruch [Baruch's sayings] - Rabbi Israel the author of Ahavat Israel - Rabbi Chaim Meir author of Imrei Chaim - Rabbi Moshe Yehoshua Hager - Rabbi Mordechai Hager 257
17 The glory of the Mordechai House - Continuing the Dynasty in Hust - Continuing the Dynasty in Kretchnief - Continuing the Dynasty after the War 275
18 The Spinka House - A magnificent and lively dynasty - Rabbi Yosef Meir author of Imrei Yosef - Rabbi Yitzhak Aizik author of Hakal Yitzhak - Rabbi Yakov Yosef Weiss - Continuing to weave the Dynasty - Rabbi Shmuel Zvi Horowitz - The ADMOR of Spinka 285
19 - Jewish and Torah-education in Karpatorus-Marmaros - Talmud-Torah schools in the big communities - The Heder classes in the various settlements - Where the Heder was located - From dawn to darkness - First steps in the Heder - The advanced stages - Great Melamdim [teachers] - Total devotion to learning - 299
20 - Life aspiration - Dearer than gold and pearls - Feeding the Yeshiva students - Places to live - Titles at the completion of the study 312
21 The Upper Region and the Lower Region - “Go on exile to a place of Torah Study” - The Head of the Yeshiva - The “Study Times” [semesters] - The division of the students into “groups” - The syllabus - “Learning for the purpose of establishing the Law” - The Karpatorus-Marmaros Yeshiva before the Holocaust - 324
22 - The Holy Sabbath - The Jewish Mother - On the eve of the Holy Sabbath - Expenses for the Sabbath - “Let us welcome the Sabbath” - “Come, the Bride, the Sabbath Queen” - A guest for Sabbath - “The poor of your town come first” - The spiritual life - The Jewish mother and the “Tzena Urena” - The Rabbi's sermon - The end of the Holy Sabbath 338
23 - The Days of Forgiveness and Mercy - The charitable women [Nashim Tzidkaniyot] - Longing for past summer - Getting up early for the Selichot - The time of harvest 356
24 - The cantor for The Days of Awe [Yamim Nora'im] - The composers of the melodies - The Rabbi's sermon before the Shofar Blowing - Around the ADMOR - The Rebbe's Shirayim [leftovers from his food] - The melodies of the ADMORs' “court” 363
25 - The Holiday of Sukkot - A time of joy and spiritual pleasure - Autumn 374
26 - The winter months - To the Beit Hamidrash for spiritual pleasure - The morning people and the evening people - An occasion for spiritual accounting - “As the month of Adar arrives, we increase our joy” - Masks and “gragers” - The disguised and the players - The Purim Meal with the Family 381
27 - Preparations for Passover - Baking Matzot - With melody and song - Beautifying the home - The holiday of Shavuot - Days of besiegement and distress 390
25 - Jewish weddings - Difficult pairing - An atmosphere of joy - The Jester at the wedding - Joy of “Mitzva” 399
29 - “By the sweat of your brow shall you eat your bread” - The agriculture - The Lumber business - Merchants and shopkeepers - Fruit merchants - Butchers - Jewish milkmen - Wagon owners - Bakers - Tinsmiths - Glaziers - Carpenters - Smiths - Tailors - Cobblers 406
30 The Karpatorus amd Marmaros Communities in their glory and destruction - In the chains of poverty - A strong connection with the Homeland - The keepers of the Holy Duties - True Testimony - “The sun rises and the sun sets” (Eccl. 1:5) 428
Tales A string of wonderful tales about the noble way-of-life of the Karpatorus-Marmaros Jews 439


 Yizkor Book Project    JewishGen Home Page  

Yizkor Book Director, Lance Ackerfeld
Emerita Yizkor Book Project Manager, Joyce Field
This web page created by Lance Ackerfeld

Copyright © 1999-2023 by JewishGen, Inc.
Updated 21 Oct 2016 by LA

There have been visits to this page since the 21 Oct 2016