Wolozin; the Book of the City
and of the Etz Hayyim Yeshiva

(Valozhyn, Belarus)

54°05' / 26°32'

Translation of
Wolozyn; sefer shel ha-ir-shel yeshivat “Ets Hayim”

Edited by: E. Leoni

Published in Tel-Aviv, 1970


 

Acknowledgments

Coordinator

Anita Frishman Gabbay

 

Emeritus Coordinator: Moshe Porat (Perlman) z”l

 

This is a translation from: Wolozyn; sefer shel ha-ir-shel yeshivat “Ets Hayim”;
Wolozin; the book of the city and of the Etz Hayyim Yeshiva.
Ed. E. Leoni. Tel-Aviv, former residents of Wolozin in Israel and the USA, 1970 (H,Y,E)


This material is made available by JewishGen, Inc. and the Yizkor Book Project for the purpose of
fulfilling our mission of disseminating information about the Holocaust and destroyed Jewish communities.
This material may not be copied, sold or bartered without JewishGen, Inc.'s permission. Rights may be reserved by the copyright holder.


JewishGen, Inc. makes no representations regarding the accuracy of the translation. The reader may wish to refer to the original material for verification.
JewishGen is not responsible for inaccuracies or omissions in the original work and cannot rewrite or edit the text to correct inaccuracies and/or omissions.
Our mission is to produce a translation of the original work and we cannot verify the accuracy of statements or alter facts cited.


Part one – YESHIVA “ ETZ HAYIM”
Introductions 2
Volozhin Isser Yehuda Unterman, Chief Rabbi of Israel 3
The Power of Volozhyn Rabbi Tsvi Neriya 7
The Book of Volozhyn Eliezer Leoni (Ben David) 11
 
History of the Community of Volozhin Eliezer Leoni 19
Sources Regarding the History of the Jews in Volozhin Eliezer Leoni 66
The History of Yeshiva “Etz Hayim” & its leaders Eliezer Leoni 75
The Volozhyn Genealogy Chain Eliezer Leoni 152
Among the Great “Ets Hayim” Yeshiva disciples Eliezer Leoni 160
Origins for the history of Volozhyn “ets Hayim” Yeshiva Eliezer Leoni 169
The Rabinnic School in Volozhyn Rabbi Shimon Langbert 188
The Yeshiva during Rabbi Refoel Shapiro period Dr. Hirsh Leyb Gordon 197
 
The Volozhyn Scholars 202
Three Torah Pillars in Volozhin Eliezer Leoni 205
The Gaon Rabbi Hayim Hillel Fried Chaikel Lunsky of blessed memory 221
The Rabbi and Gaon Rabbi Rafael Shapira Yitzchak Rivkind 224
Rabbi Moshe Shmuel Shapiro Shimon Zak 230
Rabbi Meir Bar-Ilan (Berlin) Shimon Zak 233
Harav Shmuel Avigdor Derechinski's House Yona Ben-Sason-Derechinski 238
Savants Conversations Eliezer Leoni 246
The Volozhyn graduates - tradition followers Eliezer Leoni 277
Mordehay Eliyashberg- Publicist Eliezer Leoni 278
Moshe Mordhay Epstein Eliezer Leoni 281
Yehuda Leyb Don-Yihya Eliezer Leoni 284
Alter Droyanov-Writer, “Book of Jewish Jokes” author Eliezer Leoni 285
Klonimus Zev Visotski Eliezer Leoni 288
Leyb Yaffe - national poet Eliezer Leoni 289
Mordhay Gimpel Yaffe - among Ekron settlement founders (1883) Eliezer Leoni 292
Shmuel Mohaliver - among Ekron settlement founders (1883) Eliezer Leoni 294
Essar Zalman Meltzer Eliezer Leoni 298
Mordehay Nahmani - among Rehovot settlement founders (1902) Eliezer Leoni 300
Itshak Nisenboym - “nezah Isroel' society's Chairman (1892-94) Eliezer Leoni 301
Yosef Zundl Salant - ascended Jerusalem ((1837) Eliezer Leoni 302
Shmuel Salant Eliezer Leoni 303
Avraham Itskhok Hakohen Kook - Jerusalem Yeshiva “beyt Harav” founder Eliezer Leoni 305
Itshak Ryvkind-Volozhyn Yeshiva's history investigator Eliezer Leoni 307
Itshak Yaakov Rayness-Founder off the “Mizrahi” Movement Eliezer Leoni 310
Origins for the above Graduates chapter Eliezer Leoni 312
 
Part two - VOLOZHYN the SHTETL
316
A bundle of memories - before the First World War Osher Malkin 317
Inside Volozhyn Avraham Halevy 330
The Volozhyn Yeshiva and Town during the Time of Rabbi Raphael Schapiro Aharon Zvi Dudman-Dudayi 332
Looking back (Memories from the Time of First World War) Yehuda Chaim Kotler 333
The Flour Mill, Electricity and the First Movie House in Volozhyn Michael Vand-Polack 336
Estate Owners in Volozhyn Meir Shiff 338
Flour and Torah in Volozhyn Chaim Zvi Potashnik 340
Market Days in Volozhyn Israel Levinson 342
Volozhin during the First World War Reuven Rogovin 343
Volozhin Memories Shoshana Nishri-Berkovich 365
I Shall Remember You, Volozhin Pesach Berman 370
Volozhinka – the town stream Yakov Kagan 381
Zabrezhe Moshe Eliyashkevitch 382
Mijeyki (hamlet) Barukh Tsivony (Farberman) 385
Yuzefpol Estate Benyamin Kutshovski 386
Volozhin Stories Benyamin Shafir (Shishko) 388
 
The Zionist movement 392
Tseyirey Zion (Zion's Youngsters) in Volozhin Shlomo Bunimovits+Z Rogovin 393
The “Hakhaluts” (Pioneer) in Volozhin Group of pioneers 396
Hahshara (training) of Pioneers in Yuzefpol Lea Nahshon (Shif) 405
The Hakhshara group of the “Hakhaluts Hamizrakhi” Ariye Haruts 405
Beytar in Volozhyn Group of Beytar members 410
“Shomer Hatsayir” Hakhshara in Volozhin Rachel Knaani (Berman) 422
Keren Kayemet L' Israel (JNF) in Volozhin Benyamin Shapir (Shishko) 425
 
Education & Art 430
The Hebrew Tarbut School Group of graduates 431
Culture war in Volozhyn Benyamin Shapir (Shishko) 440
The Volozhin Kindergarten Miryam Levitan (Rosbberg) 443
The Library Fruma Guzman (Yuzefovitz) 445
Religious Education in the Thirties Menahem Mendel Potashnik 446
Polish schools in Volozhyn Miryam Levitan (Rosbberg) 451
“The Sale of Yossef” show Reuven Rogovin 454
Plays that I recall Fruma Tzevner 456
“Maccabi” football team Reuven Rogovin 460
 
Figures & Types 463
Emissaries, Rabbis and Slaughterers Eliezer Leoni 465
Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Namiot (aka “Der Shaliver”) Benyamin Shafir (Shishko) 470
Rabbi Shmuel Fried Benyamin Shafir (Shishko) 471
My father, Rabbi Yehoshua Hacohen Kaplan Z”L Rabbi Meir Hacohen Kaplan 472
The Slaughterers of Valozhyn (Before the Second World War) Moshe Elishkevitsh 473
Rabbi's Wives (“Rebbetzin”)    
Rebbetzin Feyga Unterman Rabbi Israel Shapiro 474
Rayne Batya Berlin, (A granddaughter of Rabbi Chaim of Volozhin) Rabbi Bharuch Halevy Epstein Z”L 475
Batiya Miryam Berlin, born Epstein, the spouse of Hanaziv, Meyir Bar-Elan's mother By Meyir Berlin 476
My Grandmother Miryam Tova Berlin-Papish 479
The Cheder of Rabbi Betzalel the Melam Rachel Rogovin (Rubinstein) 482
Our Melamdim Reuven Rogovin 483
Rabbi Kalev the Melamed Reuven Rogovin 484
Rabbi Avraham Gorellick Reuven Rogovin 484
My father, the Melamed Rabbi Moshe Shlomo Volkovitz Mendl Volkovitz 485
Yakov Lifshits, The Tarbut school manager and teacher Benyamin Shapir (Shishko) 486
Noach Perski Benyamin Shafir (Shishko) 487
The teacher Reb Eliyahu Shvarzberg One of his disciples 488
Avrom Berkovitsh Fruma Zitrin (Rogovin) 490
Yaakov (Yani) Garber Lea Baksht (Faygenboym) 492
Reb Isroel Lunin Shulamit Golovenchitz-Berger 493
My Grandfather Reb Menahem Mendl Potashnik Hayim Ashlagi 495
Doctor Avrum Zart Shoshana Nishri (Berkovitz) 496
Shneur Kivilevitsh Reuven Rogovin 498
Grand Father Rabbi Aharon Rapoport Miryam Levitan (Rosenberg) 500
Rabbi Avraham “Asher Yatzar” Yaakov Kagan 501
Rabbi Moshe Eliyahu Bunimovitz Rabbi Dov-Natan Brinker (Z”L) 502
Rabbi Shlomo Hosid (R' Shlomo Shepsnvol) David Kohen 505
Figures I knew Reuven Rogovin 506
Reb Avrom Hayim Marshak Israel Ben Nahum (Goloventtsitz) 510
The GrandMa Rohe Reyze Israel Ben Nahum (Goloventtsitz) 511
Patcholke - The Famous Hostel Owner A. Litvin 513
Dov Ber Kaplan Yehuda Chaim Kotler 515
A “Luft Gesheft” Story Benyamin Shafir (Shishko) 517
Mera Schnyder - “Merke Ela's” Dina & Lea Faygenboym 519
We shall remember them Benyamin Shafir (Shishko) 520
Before the Shoa - Volozhyn in the Shoa shadow Bela Saliternik (Kramnik) 525
 
The Soviet regime Period 527
Under the Soviet regime Rachel & Reuven Rogovin 529
Volozhyn Under the Soviet regime Mendl Goldshmit 532
During the Soviet rule in Volozhyn Pnina Hayat (Potashnik) 533
The destruction of Volozhyn Yosef Shvarzberg 535
 
S H O A 541
“The German Thunder” The Editor 541
The Destruction of Volozhyn Mendl Volkovitsh 542
Atrocities at the Volozhin Jews extermination Hesl Perski 546
The Big Slaughter Mendl Volkovitch 548
What I have seen with my eyes Pnina Hayat (Potashnik) 550
Pages about the Volozhin Holocaust Fruma Lifshits (Gapanovitsh) 554
A girl's memoirs on the Shoa Sonia Puter (Perski) 561
A Ballad About Shneur Kivelevitch Mendl Volkovitch 562
In the Ghetto and in the forced labor camps Luba Volkovitsh (Girkus) 569
Franz Karl Hess - The Volozhyn hangman From Soviet trial-Minsk 1946 576
In the Volozhin Ghetto and in revenge actions Yaakov Kagan 580
Nissan Perski's death Simhe Rogovin 583
On the suffering route Mendl Volkovitsh 584
Wandering and struggling Rachel & Reuven Rogovin 586
My life as partisan Hesl Perski 588
Partisans - Volozhiners who died in battle Hesl Perski 589
Our post war visiting Volozhin Rachel & Reuven Rogovin 592
Volozhin as I saw it in 1945 Moshe Eliyashkevitsh 593
Izkor (remember) - The flames Sara Shlomovitsh (Rapoport) 594
Calendar dates of World War Two Eliezer Leoni 596
Izkor - Remember 601
And those are the holy and pure names of the Volozhyn born Eliezer Leoni 603
Dear Mother! Yehuda Khaim Kotler 604
Volozhyn - Martyrs (1275 names) Editorial team 605
 
From One Generation to Another and to Eternity 617
Bar-Ilan University & it's President Professor Pinchas Churgin Eliezer Leoni 619
Kibbutz “Ein HaNatziv” Eli Avisar 624
Israel Rogozin Itshak Yakobi 628
History of the Irgun Yotsey Volozhyn in Israel (IYVI) Eliezer Leoni 630
The fallen Volozhyn sons at the Independence War Editorial team 664
Benyamin Perah - Ind. War Editorial team 664
Hayim Perski- Ind. War Editorial team 665
Eliezer Rogovin - partisan, decorated as USSR Hero-Ind. War Editorial team 666
To Eliezer Rogovin's memory Yaffa Abramovitsh 667
Volozhyners in America (Page 15 Eng.) Dr. Avraham Yoblons 669
Prologue (Page 15 Eng.) Dr. Avraham Yoblons 669
Acknowledgements (Page 15 Eng.) Dr. Avraham Yoblons 669
Introductions (Page 16 Eng.) Dr. Avraham Yoblons 669
Commeration (Page 17 Eng.) Dr. Avraham Yoblons 671
American Committee (Page 25 Eng.) Dr. Avraham Yoblons 677
Editor Thanking the helping team Eliezer Leoni 679
The Destruction of Volozhyn (Page 30 Eng.) Mendl Volkovitsh 685
I remember Volozhyn (Page 26 Eng.) Irving Bunim 689
 
Pictures of Volozhyners killed in Shoah attachment 702
Volozhyners dead after the war in Israel, America, Volozhyn attachment 728
Table of contents Editorial team 743
End 747
 
Supplementary material
Volozhin at the end of the 20th century:
Volozhin 2000 - Map, legend, description
Ets Hayim Yeshiva - Kulinaria, Memorial plaque. Photos, description
First mass slaughter Memorial (Sport Stadium) - Photos, description
Second mass slaughter Memorial (2000 victims) - Photos, description
Third mass slaughter Memorial (Volozhinka Stream Bed) - Photos, description
The Ancient Cemetery - Schema, Legend (Yr. 2000)
The Ancient Cemetery - Sheep Pasture field - Photo's (Yr. 1988)
Volozhiners at the tombstones, photos (Yr. 1998)
Old tombstones-Gitl Bunimovitsh, Tsart, Sonia Perski -(1998 & 1988 photos)
Victims mass graves on the cemetery (1988 & 1998 photos)
Cemetery Memorials to the Volozhin congregation and to Rabbi Hayim Volozhiner
Volozhin Martyrs Memorial in Tel Aviv, Photos & Story (1980) 
Babushka Khaya's letter
Red Cross activity
Our Parents' Saw & Grist Mills - By M. Perlman
Volozhin Memorial inauguration, 1980
Jews who lived in predominantly gentile hamlets neighboring Volozhin
How did I survive - By Leyzer Meltser
The Zionist Movement
A look at the country's history
Childhood In Volozhin
List of martyrs in Cyrillic [From Volozhyn - Martyrs (1275 names)]


See also Memory to Volozhin Region


 Yizkor Book Project    JewishGen Home Page  


Yizkor Book Director, Lance Ackerfeld
Emerita Yizkor Book Project Manager, Joyce Field
This web page created by Lance Ackerfeld

Copyright © 1999-2021 by JewishGen, Inc.
Updated 03 Aug 2021 by JH