Telshe Book;
Memorial Epitaph of the Holy Community
(Telšiai, Lithuania)

55°59' / 22°15'

Translation of
Sefer Telz (Lita); matsevet zikaron le-kehila kedosha

Editors: Yitzhak Alperovitz, Tel Aviv, Telz Society

Published in Israel, 1984



Project Coordinator

Hap Ponedel


With editorial assistance of Philip S. Shapiro


Our sincere appreciation to Yad Vashem
for the submission of the necrology for placement on the JewishGen web site.

This is a translation of: Sefer Telz (Lita); matsevet zikaron le-kehila kedosha (Telshe Book; memorial epitaph of the Holy community),
Editors: Editors: Yitzhak Alperovitz, Tel Aviv, Telz Society in Israel, 1984 (H,Y, 505 pages)

The corresponding Lithuanian translation of the Sefer Telz (Lita) yizkor book appears here TELŠIAI. Atminties knyga, 2022

Note: The original book can be seen online at the NY Public Library site: Telsiai

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TOC translated by Yocheved Klausner

Introduction Dr. Dov Levin 8
Word From the Organization and the Editors   10
A Monument to the Telshe Community Yitzchak Alperovitz 12
A map of Telshe    
Chapter One
The History of Jewish Telshe
Telshe   17
Telshe   19
Telshe   20
The History of the Jewish Settlement in Telshe Shmuel Natanovitz 21
Bygone Times [Y] Berl Cohen 34
Telshe [Y] Rabbi Efraim Oshry 51
Telshe [Y]   54
Chapter Two
The Telshe Yeshiva - its Rabbis and its Institutions
The Telshe Yeshiva Shmuel Natanovitz 57
The Development of the Yeshiva Rav Avraham Shoshana 66
The Telshe Activities   90
My Years of Study at the Telshe Yeshiva Rav Prof. S Asaf 94
Shreds of memories from Telshe Shimon Kushnier 104
The Rav R'Avraham Yitzchak Bloch   112
The Telsher Yeshiva [Y] Rav Eliyahu Meir Bloch zt”l 124
The 5th Year in the Telshe Yeshiva [Y] N. M. Averbuch 130
The Great Scholar R'Eli Meir Bloch [Y]   133
The Great Scholar of Education [Y] Moshe Yehuda Gleicher 135
The Agudist [Y] Rabbi Meir Pantel 138
Hundreds of Years in the Telshe Yeshiva [Y]   143
Chapter Three
Personalities and Figures
An Exemplary Educator Avraham Ron 159
A Man of Faith and Science: Dr. Rafael Halevi Etzion Rivke Nave 163
A. Harzfeld - A Look at Bygone Days Eliezer Gordon 164
The Blechman Family Dr. Malka Israeli (from the Blechman family) 172
Yosl Ba'al Shem (the Miracle Worker) Chasia Gring-Goldberg 178
The Rav R'Yehuda Liber Hirshovitz A. Z. Hirshovitz 179
They Were Four Brothers Levi Shalit 181
The Ravad Family Yisrael–Ya'akov ben Yerachmiel Ravad 183
[The] “Korczak” of the Telshe Ghetto Chasiah Gring-Goldberg 185
My Family, The Singer[s] of Telshe Rachel Singer-Taitz 188
The Family of Rabbi Zelig and Eliahu Katz- Akerman in Telshe Leah Ariel (Katz) 191
My Family in Telshe Yosef Eliaz (Levin) 193
Itche the Blacksmith Chasia Gring-Goldberg 194
My Family in Telshe [Y] Tuvia Ba'al-Shem 195
The “Rovner” [Y] Chasye Gring-Goldberg 198
Chapter Four
Way of Life, Memories and Public Life Dr. Malka Israeli (née Blechman) 203
A monument to Telshe, My City Shoshana Holzberg (Shochat) 206
Memories of a High-School Student from a Small Town Rivke Nave (née Katz, from Gorzd) 213
In My Dream Ada Goldreich-Blechman 217
My Little Town of Telshe [Y] Avraham Barkai (Berkman) 218
Sabbath Nights in our Home Shoshana Holzberg (Jaffe) 221
The First Martyrs of the Town (1914–1918) Zev Noy (Noyik) 224
My Family Esther Gvorin-Ritov 226
Memories from my Childhood in Telshe Tzila Weinstein 228
Sketches for Telshe That Was and no Longer Exists Malka Klein Sirot 231
Youth Memories are Delicate Like Spring Butterflies Walpert Gershon 232
Shabbat at Dusk Eliyahu Rudnitski 233
First Impressions from My Visit in Telshe in 1927 Helen Kaplan–Hiller 235
Telshe Rosh Chodesh Shevat 5682 (1922) Yerachmiel Ravad 237
My Visit in Telshe After the Holocaust Shmuel Elyashiv 239
In the Days of the Soviets Lea Silberman-Varias 240
At the Outbreak of the War Eliyahu Rodnizki 241
The First Aliya from Telshe Shmuel Auerbuch 243
My Home in the Village Shmuel Natanovitz 246
My Teachers and My Friends in Telshe Tuvia Ba'al Shem 253
Telshe our Town Bat-Sheva Sasson (Ben-Gouri) 259
A Wedding in Telshe Tuvia Ba'al Shem 261
My home in Telshe Bat-Sheva Schwartz 263
The Image of Telshe Shifra Tatz (Abramovitz) 266
Telshe Bat-Sheva Sasson (Ben-Gouri) 268
The Fight Against the Nazis Klotz Hillel Ben-Moshe 269
The Training Kibbutz of Hechalutz in Telshe Yechezkl Fleischer 272
Hashomer Hatza'ir in Telshe Chana Leibovitz-Brodman 275
The Parties in Our Town Zev Noy (Noyik) 277
The Beitar Movement in Telshe Meir Yoselevitz 278
Telshe That Is No More Tuvia Ba'al Shem 280
Telshe, We Remember You Forever! Tzvi Brik 283
The Schiff Family Reizl Schochat (Schiff) 286
Yizkor for the Telshe Community Tuvia Ba'al Shem 289
Memories from Telshe [Y] Sara Feier Shlomovitz 291
In Telshe Girls Are Sent to Gymnasium High–School and Boys to the Yeshiva [Y]   293
Episodes From Bygone Times [Y] Pera Levinson-Soifer 294
The Deportation to Siberia [Y] Grisha Wolpert z”l 296
A Chapter of Memories [Y] Zalman Levi 298
Telshe As It Once Was [Y] Yaakov Zlotnik 301
Telz [Y] Tsvi Brik 302
Yizkor [Y] Tzvi Brik 303
In the Beit Hachinuch School in Telshe [Y] Nechemia Endlin z”l 303
Figures in Telshe That Are Kept in Our Memory [Y] Reizl Schochat (Schiff) 307
An Eternal Monument [Y] Tzvi Brik 314
Chapter Five
The Holocaust
Our Town is Burning Mordechai Gebirtig 320
Telshe   321
The Last Journey of the Telshe Martyrs Chaia Bloch-Osband 326
From Holocaust to Revival Mina Girsh 330
The Days of the Holocaust Yocheved Holler (Varias) 338
From the Diary of Sara Elitzur-Ritov   346
A Diary from a Lithuania Ghetto Hanny née Bloch 350
The Ghetto That Rescued Me Sarah Klas-Abelsky 353
A Poem Sarah Elitzur-Ritov 354
“It is good that I have been afflicted, that I might learn Your Laws” - (Psalms 119:71) Bat Ami 355
Contempt to You, Nations! Sara Elitzur-Ritov 362
Telshe During the Holocaust Rachel (Rashela) Singer Teitz 363
Wanderings and Struggle Against the Nazis Moshe Rosenbaum 367
Years of Suffering in the Face of Death Bat-Sheva Schwartz 369
Memories from the Days of the Holocaust Mina Kirsht (Yudelevitz) z”l 379
Stories from the Holocaust Shraga (Feibush) Kushnir 385
Dear God [Y] Tzvi Brik 388
Remember [Y] Tzvi Brik 388
The Ruin of Telshe   389
In Hiding [Y] Chaia Klein 390
Memories from Fateful Times [Y] Sara Zeyenz (Shogam) 392
Pain, Suffering and Rescue [Y] Sara Shevel 393
Echo (a poem) [Y] Tzvi Brik 398
Poems [Y] Sara Elitzur-Ritov 399
The Destruction of Telshe [Y] Miriam Kleiner (Bloch) 400
The Tragic Fate of the Telshe Jews [Y]   408
Memories from the Ghetto and the Forest [Y] Masha Endlin 414
The Fate of the Telshe Jews [Y] S. Kagan 420
Years of Pain and Suffering [Y] Rachel Fulda, Chana Jack 423
Tragic Reminiscences from the Era of Ruin [Y] Chaim-Leib (Arie) Shavel 440
Yitzchak (Iza) Bloch's Last Words [Y]   447
Telshe and the Holocaust [Y] Ya'akov Rabinovitz 448
A Bundle of Memories from Telshe [Y] Lipman Schiff 461
Years of Suffering Before the Holocaust [Y] Tzvi Brik 464
Telshe Jews who fell in the wars for the liberty of the nation and homeland   471
Yizkor   474
Telshe Jews who passed away after World War Two   480
List of Telshe Jews who fought in the Lithuanian Division of the Red Army   481
List of Telshe Jews who fell in battle in the war against the Nazis   481
Memorials   482


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