“Simonys” - Encyclopedia of Jewish
Communities in Lithuania
(Šimonys, Lithuania)

55° 44' / 25° 9'

Translation of the “Simonys” chapter from
Pinkas Hakehillot Lita

Written by Josef Rosin

Published by Yad Vashem

Published in Jerusalem, 1996



Project Coordinator

Barry Mann


Our sincere appreciation to Yad Vashem
for permission to put this material on the JewishGen web site.

This is a translation from: Pinkas Hakehillot Lita: Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities, Lithuania,
Editor: Prof. Dov Levin, Assistant Editor: Josef Rosin, published by Yad Vashem, Jerusalem.

This material is made available by JewishGen, Inc. and the Yizkor Book Project for the purpose of
fulfilling our mission of disseminating information about the Holocaust and destroyed Jewish communities.
This material may not be copied, sold or bartered without JewishGen, Inc.'s permission. Rights may be reserved by the copyright holder.

JewishGen, Inc. makes no representations regarding the accuracy of the translation. The reader may wish to refer to the original material for verification.
JewishGen is not responsible for inaccuracies or omissions in the original work and cannot rewrite or edit the text to correct inaccuracies and/or omissions.
Our mission is to produce a translation of the original work and we cannot verify the accuracy of statements or alter facts cited.

(Page 686)


Written by Dov Levin

Translated by Shaul Yannai

In Yiddish, Shimants

A county town in the district of Panevezys, 26 km southeast of Kupiskis, in an area of swamps and near the Pelysa River. The town originated as a village, which was also called Simonys, when a Church was built there in 1700. In 1886, Simonys had 102 residents. About a third of them were Jews, who made their living from petty trade and labor. The number of Jews in the town declined due to emigration abroad. During WWI, the Jews of Simonys were expelled to the interior regions of Russia. Not all of them returned after the war. In 1923, Simonys had 79 Jews: 40 women and 39 men.
According to the 1931 Lithuanian government census, Jews owned in Simonys a wool carding workshop.

There was a Rabbi in the town throughout most of the years. Among the Rabbis who served in Simonys were: Rabbi Shimon Rosovski (from 1904); Rabbi Khaim-Dov Holand (from 1910); Rabbi Meir Verzhbolovski (during the 1920's). 9 people voted in the 19th Zionist Congress (1935) in Simonys: 5 for the “Eretz-Yisrael HaOveded” party, 3 for the General Zionists B, and one for the “Mizrakhi”. Simonys is mentioned in the 1938 list of Jewish artisans in Lithuania. In 1939, the town had 7 telephones. One of them belonged to a Jew (Khaim Droskovitz).

We do not know how many Jews remained in Simonys in June 1940, when Lithuania was conquered by the Germans. In any event, their fate was the same as the fate of the Jews in the surrounding areas: all of them were murdered during the autumn of 1941by Lithuanians who operated in the service of the occupying authorities. According to Lithuanian sources, during the war, a resident of Simonys by the name of Helena Stoniene hid in her home Busia Khayet, a former Jewish student from Vilnius.


Central Zionist Archives, Jerusalem, files 55/1701, 55/1788, 13/15/131, Z-4/2548.

 Yizkor Book Project    JewishGen Home Page  

Yizkor Book Director, Lance Ackerfeld
Emerita Yizkor Book Project Manager, Joyce Field
This web page created by Max Heffler

Copyright © 1999-2024 by JewishGen, Inc.
Updated 3 Dec 2011 by MGH