“Kartena” - Encyclopedia of Jewish
Communities in Lithuania

55° 55' / 21° 28'

Translation of the “Kartena” chapter from
Pinkas Hakehillot Lita

Written by Dov Levin

Published by Yad Vashem

Published in Jerusalem, 1996



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This is a translation from: Pinkas Hakehillot Lita: Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities, Lithuania,
Editor: Prof. Dov Levin, Assistant Editor: Josef Rosin, published by Yad Vashem, Jerusalem.

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(Pages 567-568)


In Yiddish, Kortchin

Written by Josef Rosin

Translated by Shimon Joffe

A county town 16 km distant from the district capital Kretinga, in the valley of the Minija River. In the year 1662, 8 Jews lived there. In the first half of the 19th century, it had a small Jewish community. At the time of the first Polish revolt in 1831, the rebels arrested 12 Jews and were about to hang them on the charge of aiding the authorities. The Gvir (rich man) of Salant – Eliyahu Gitkin, appealed to the local priest and the latter proceeded to the execution place with a religious procession and thus saved the Jews. In 1923, 620 inhabitants were counted; among them were 35 Jews. The survey conducted by the Lithuanian government in 1931 showed a general store and a flour mill, Jewish owned. In 1934, there were still some Jews in Kartena. After the German invasion in June 1941, the local Jews met the same fate which befell all the others in the vicinity. Almost all were murdered in the autumn of that year by Lithuanians in the service of the German occupiers.

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