“Saukat” - Encyclopedia of Jewish
Communities in Lithuania
(Šaukotas, Lithuania)

55°35' / 23°25'

Translation of the “Saukat” chapter from
Pinkas Hakehillot Lita

Written by Dov Levin

Published by Yad Vashem

Published in Jerusalem, 1996


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This is a translation from: Pinkas Hakehillot Lita: Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities, Lithuania,
Editor: Prof. Dov Levin, Assistant Editor: Josef Rosin, published by Yad Vashem, Jerusalem.

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(Pages 468-469)

Šaukotas (Lith.)

Saukat (Yiddish), Shavkuti (Russian)

Written by Dov Levin

Translated by Gilda Kurtzman[1]

Šaukotas is a town in the Keidan district, 13 kilometers north-west of the sub-district town, Grinkishok. In the past there were three estates in the town. From the second half of the 19th century it became the main town of the sub-district. There were 204 residents in 1897, 320 in 1905; 348 in 1923 and 400 in 1940. In 1921, with the declaration of automony for the Jews, in the period of Lithuanian independence, a [Jewish] community council was elected which consisted of five members. For a long period of time the council dealt with most of the areas of Jewish life in Šaukotas. In 1929 30 Jewish families and 20 non-Jewish families lived in Šaukotas. In the same year, during a robbery, the mother and father of a Jewish resident by the name of Movshovitz were murdered.

With the German occupation of Lithuania, in June 1941 the Jews of Šaukotas were exterminated, along with their rabbi, Rav Baruch Kaplan.


1. Words in brackets have been added by the translator.

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