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[Page 161]

At the End of the Book

by Rabbi Dr. Tzvi Harkavy

Translated by Jerrold Landau


To my article and the articles of others in this book, in no particular order.

  1. I included a bibliography in my article on YEKATERINOSLAV (aside from limited articles on the topic. I have lectured and organized this): a) Research of Families, second edition, from page 51 and onward, Jerusalem, 5713 (1953). b) Community of YEKATERINOSLAV, Hatzofeh, 11 Tevet 5713 (1952). c) YEKATERINOSLAV, HaAvar (Tel Aviv), 5717 (1957) (from a monograph and my words in a gathering of the natives of our city in Tel Aviv, 3 Sivan, 5717 (1957). Printed as handouts. d) YEKATERINOSLAV and its rabbis, Maariv, 9 Marcheshvan 5725 (1964). e) House of My Father, Jerusalem, 5728 (1968) (from a broadcast on Kol Yisrael). f) YEKATERINOSLAV, “Year by Year”, 5729 (1969). g) Underground Zionism in Yekaterinoslav (minutes of absorption), the institution of modern Judaism of the Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 5728 (1968). The rest of the articles on YEKATERINOSLAV are listed in my autobiography, Jerusalem, 5730 (1970). See the article in the general encyclopedia, Brokhaus–Efron in Russian; in the large Soviet encyclopedia in two edition, as well the short version; in every Jewish encyclopedia, especially those in Russian; in the Hebrew Encyclopedia in the article on Dnipropetrovsk (my material, without mentioning it) [Tz”L; founded in 1778]; in Encyclopedia Judaica (1971), edited, based on my article, as is noted there. Екатеринослáв; Ukrainian: Катеринослáв. And from here, the popular pronunciation in Yiddish: Katerinslav. This is how the Yeveskstia wrote it in in its publication, as well as YIVO, and others. During the time of Pavel (1796–1801)[2], due to his hatred of Yekaterina II “the Great”, it was called Novorossiysk, and later returned to its original name – Yekaterinoslav.
  2. During the 17th century, there was a Polish fortress there, which was destroyed by the Cossacks during the time of Chmielnicki [perhaps this was the Keidaki mentioned in “Fire and Sword” by Sinkewicz – Farber, with that name existing in Yekaterinoslav]. There are those that say that the city was designated by Potemkin to be the new capital of Russia instead of Peterburg (?) [M. Asherovitch, Cities and Towns in Ukraine, New York, 1948; Ch”b from page 99 and onward. I did not find another source for this theory, and it does not make sense, perhaps it was confused with Novorussia in Russia?…[3]]. #1041;. З. Просвещени е, after 1902, approximately in Yekaterinoslav: founded in 1783, in the place of the village Лоловицы [“only the center of the city is considered in the protocols(?)”].
  3. Petrovski, for whose name the city was called from June 1926, is Grigory Ivanovitch P. (1878–1958). In 1905, he was the secretary of the workers council of Yekaterinoslav; the chairman of the Bolshevik faction in the fourth Duma; 1917–1919 – Narkum (minister) of the interior of the R.S.F.S.R.; 1919–1939 – chairman of the central executive council of all–Ukraine, chairman of the central executive council of the Soviet Union and deputy chairman of the chief soviet leadership of the president of the state (see the article in З. Споварь, Moscow, 1964). The name of the city in Ukrainian is Днпропетрóвск.
  4. The beginning of Yekaterinoslav as a district city is from 1783 (then its place was determined, where it is to this day, and some calculate its history from that date). It was designated as a regional city at that time.
    In 1768 (according to Y. Trevitch, the Jews in the Former Novorussiya, 5714 – 1954 – based on sources) Jews were permitted to live in Novorussiya and to occupy themselves as they desire. The Pale of Settlement was established as a law in 1791. Yekaterinoslav was included in the Pale in 1794 by an official proclamation.
  5. There were 359 Karaites in Yekaterinoslav in 1857, and they had a community until the time that I made aliya to the Land of Israel. [I left Yekaterinoslav at the end of Sivan 5686 – 1926]. The street in which they were found was called Karaimskaya.
    At that time, there were 14,000 Karaites in all of Russia. It is known that the Nazis did not consider them to be Jews and did not persecute them. The Karaites collaborated with the Nazis against the Jews in Russia and Poland. Many long works have already been written, and I too have written about this. The Soviets did not leave a trace of them in Crimea, as with the Tatars who collaborated… (See “With the Tribulations of Destruction” issue 138 and onward. – According to German, Soviet and other sources. See my article “The Karaites During the Period of the Holocaust in Europe,” Gesher, Kislev 5730 – 1969).
  6. Regarding the 17 Jewish settlements in the Yekaterinoslav region, see the book: “Jewish Farmers in the Plains of Russia” (among the participants in the book – Rivka Guber, and see her book “Rak Shvil”). Especially page 409. There it mentions their names, connections to Yekaterinoslav, and the final fate of their Jews.
  7. The sugar enterprise and largest hydroelectric power mill in Europe in its time was called “Dniprogas” [Dniprostroi” – the name of the company that built it]. Another similar power mill was built north of Dnipropetrovsk.
  8. Aside from the bibliography on Yekaterinoslav in publications and what is brought here, other items and sources that I have listed throughout the years, by reading, should be noted.
    Collections (of the labor archives), Tel Aviv, Sivan, 5717 (1957).
    M. Asherevitch (aforementioned) – notes his connection to Lazar Kaganovitch in Yekaterinoslav.
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    Reb Yaakov Lipshitz, Zichron Yaakov, Ch”A, from page 144 and onward – about Yekaterinoslav.
    Пркднелровский край – a newspaper distributed in Yekaterinoslav, in which Jews were involved.
    Letters, Rabbi Y. Nissenbaum, Jerusalem, 5727 (1967) – Letters relating to Yekaterinoslav. See the introductions there.
    Yaakov Leshchinski, The Socio–Economic Development of Ukrainian Jewry, Jews in Ukraine, I, New York, 1961.
    In Esp. Ст. (1917/18), p. 320: it is noted that V. Toporovski helped bring regular members from Yekaterinoslav into Е. И. З. О.
    Ibid. booklet A. (1914), in the article of S. Stanislavski from Yekaterinoslav about Reb Zundel Luria the author of “Knaf Renanim.”
    Ibid. booklet D. (1909) the article about the history of the Cantonists.
    In the books of A. L. Raphaeli–Zinzifer there is significant material on personalities from Yekaterinoslav. See the indices.
  1. During the pogroms of Nov 21–23 1905, 67 Jews were killed in Yekaterinoslav, and hundreds were injured, some of whom died later. The dead included: Rabbi Yeshosua–Eliahu Neimark (the son of Rabbi Meshulam–Zalman, one of the greats of Chabad, the head of the rabbinical court of Starodov), who worked in business in Yekaterinoslav and refused to accept a rabbinical position that was offered to him several times. He was killed in Yekaterinoslav on 7 Marcheshvan, 5666 (1906). His friend – a member of Chovevei Zion, the author of “Shivat Zion,” Reb Avraham–Yaakov Slutzki.
    [In “Talpiot” 8, pp. 556, in the article of Rabbi Nissan Wachsman about Rabbi Avraham–Yaakov Neimark, the author of “Eshel Avraham” (Farein–Lita – Tel Aviv), he incorrectly writes that Rabbi A.Y. Slutzki was also killed in Yekaterinoslav in 5666 / 1906. It is not true: it was in Iyar 5678 (1928) in his city of Novogorod–Sibirsk!] From the hands of the collector of the photographs of the victims.
  2. In–2000, the Pogroms in Ukraine (1917–1919). 200,000 Jews were killed in 700 places. Eliahu Chrikover wrote this in several books, in which he deals with the pogroms of Yekaterinoslav: The Ukrainian Pogroms in 1919, YIVO, New York, 1965, pp. 41, 56, 64, 71, 98, 99, 111, 114, 191, 192, 200, 202, 290, 296, 320, 324 (area around Yekaterinoslav: 20, 22, 213, 244, 294, 300, 301). In the index on page 366: Katerinaslav.
    Prior to the aforementioned: Antisemitism and Pogroms in Ukraine, 117–1918, Berlin, 1923: Introduction – Shimon Dubnow; pp. 24, 46, 51, 100, 107, 113, 137, 148, 153, 292, 293, 306.
    On Machno in Yekaterinoslav (XI.16 – XI.28.1919) see, the HeAvar 17, pp. 88, from “Barkai” (Hebrew newspaper in Odessa 1919/.20): 4.XII.19 Kp. Пp.: as well as in the Russian book of Аршинов on the “Movement” of Machno.
  3. Yitzchak Sheinis, a native of Yekaterinoslav, who made aliya in 5682 (1922), a farmer in Moshav Tzipori, wrote to me (18.2.58, and I have the letter), that his relatives from Yekaterinoslav were among the settlers of the Golan in 1895. He has interesting material about that period. See “Settlement in the Upper Galilee” 5715 – 1955, p. 39 and the index. In the archives of Ussishkin in the Zionist archives of Jerusalem, there is material about cases adjudicated before Rabbi Binyamin Zakheim in Yekaterinoslav, regarding the topic. It should be published!
  4. Jewish musicians lived in Yekaterinoslav, and well–known cantors conducted services. There were also composers. Artists stemmed from there.
    The cantors of Yekaterinoslav: the blind prayer leader Reb Ber (?) 70–80 years ago. During my time, during the time of the First World War and thereafter, Lachman served in the Choral Synagogue until he left for Riga. He was an observant Jew, who worshiped at the synagogue daily, knowledgeable in Torah and Hebrew – unlike all the other cantors. The choir director there was Mariaskin. After Lachman came Ulshanitzki, who had musical education. He conducted a mixed choir (with the soloist Freda, who was famous for her “Al Chet.” Regarding the complaint of Rabbi Reloish against the “innovations,” the cantor responded, in Psalms it is stated Lamenatzeach al Alamot[4]…) Then I moved to the synagogue on Kazachia Street, where the bima was in the center in accordance with the law [halacha]. The scholars and rabbis from among the refugees set their place of worship and study there, both in privately and with the congregation. On festivals, Rabbi Levi Schneerson, may the memory of the righteous be a blessing, preached there on festivals. Cantor Pinchuk served as cantor there for some time, standing at the bima for the entire time of his prayer, as was his manner.
    The composer Golinkin lived in Yekaterinoslav and dedicated a chapter about it in his book. The composer from Kfar Kinneret, David Yizraeli, who came on the Second Aliya, was from Yekaterinoslav.
    Leonid Kagan (Cohen), the famous Soviet violinist, who also played in Israel, was from Dnipropetrovsk. Dina Potapovskaya – the singer of Ofira of Moscow, who also sang in Yiddish and Hebrew, was from Dnipropetrovsk. She visited and sang in Israel.
    In the cards of M. Sh. Geshuri, the researcher of Jewish music, there are several cards from Yekaterinoslav. There are 300 cards of Yekaterinoslav in the hand of M. Tzinovich, a researcher of the history of the rabbis and communities of Russia–Lithuania.
  5. In 5621 (1861) we find the community of Yekaterinoslav among those who greeted Reb Moshe Montefiore (in Hebrew). See “Noach Tehila: in Honor of Reb Moshe Montefiore,” Yosef Cohen–Zedek, Lvov. HaOda–Haadrista – composed by Reb Avraham–Dov Dobzevitz of Yekaterinoslav.
  6. At the Zionist convention in Minsk (1902) 20 delegates and 10 guests from Yekaterinoslav participated. From Yekaterinoslav itself: the engineer M. Bruk, Sh. Dubin (teacher), Orlov (teacher), S. Shapira (agent) – from the review of Ussishkin on 3.9.02 after the convention, that I found in Ussishkin's anthology (number 21/383), in the Zionist archives in Jerusalem.
  7. Yisrael Ritov in his book “Chapters in the history of Tz.TZ. Tz.S.,” dwells on the activities of that faction in Yekaterinoslav (see the note on page 22).
  8. The monument for Eliahu Orshanski was set up according to the plan of the great sculptor Mordechai (Marek) Antokolsi. V Stasov wrote an article about this in 1878, that entered his writings. HAA, [H. A. Kyaиецоиа, 1968, M. I.]
  9. Orshanski wrote sharply against Hassidism – to the point where in the publications of the atheistic Yevsektsia of “Melumad” Moshe Blanki and the Professor Shachnovitz, “Amei Haaretz” his words are cited at length.
  10. Regarding the Modern Cheder in Yekaterinoslav (in which Ch. A. Zuta studied in his time), there is an article in the Barkai anthology, Brooklyn, 5706 (1946).
  11. In 5656 (1896), 2 Shvat, the maskil writer Yaakov–Shlomo Olshevnegar (Olshevengy) died in Yekaterinoslav at the age of 56. See the article about him in the Sokolow Yizkor book, and in the Lexicon of Hebrew Literature by Kressel. He signed: Yshbiel”l.
  12. In 1920–1921, “Der Communist” was published in Yekaterinoslav. The place of publication was noted as Katerineslavy [? Tz H.]. “Kemper” preceded in (1917), Yekaterinoslav. See: The Av. Kahn Fund, New York, 1965: number 1394 issue
[Page 163]
    47, and number 1445 issue 49. As well as the index in number 64 issue 54 (and in number 56. Between numbers 137–138 hint: Katerineslav).
  1. In 1959, the district of Dnipropetrovsk had 72,430 Jews. The region of Dnipropetrovsk was one of 17 regions in which the Jewish population was between 30,000–150,000. It was in fourth place, after the regions of Kiev, Odessa, and Kharkov (region – before the war was Guberniya, today Oblast). Nachman List, Soviet Jews as victims of Russification and its Subjects; Hamolad 187/188, Iyar–Sivan 5724 (1964), p. 21, line 2.
  2. All three daughters of Feivel Paley made aliya and died in the Land of Israel. First Esther Ussishkin (on Shushan Purim, 5712, 1952, at the age of 81) in Jerusalem; later Zina Bruck in Tel Aviv (see Haaretz, 28.8.58); (in the year 5727 – 1967) Roza Jacobson in Tel Aviv. She was the wife of the Zionist activist Dr. Avigdor Jacobson, from whom she was divorced, but kept his surname; She made aliya after concluding her course of natural studies at a university in Switzerland. She worked at scientific endeavors in Tel Aviv at the experimental division. [From her youth, she maintained friendly connections with my mother, may peace be upon her, and she assisted, through efforts and money, to bring me out of there].
  3. A grove in memory of the 55,000 martyrs of the community of Yekaterinoslav was planted in the Martyrs Forest of the Jewish National Fund by the survivors of the community in the State of Israel (through my efforts). Certificate 4198, 9 Shvat 5729, signed by Yaakov Zur.
    Some studies of the era in The Yekaterinslavit of Borochov (July 1900 – June 1902). Dr. Matityahu Mintz (University of Tel Aviv), Along the way – writings of research on the Jewish workers movement, Nisan 5730 – 1970.
    19 pages 64 notes, Bibliography.
    [Mentioned in a book published in Russian in Yekaterinoslav in 1923; M. A. Ruvach, History of S.D. in Yekaterinoslav, 1889–1903.]
    Mintz cites Borochov; Poalei Zion in general was founded in Yekaterinoslav by him and by Shimon Dubin Banov, 1900. Armed self–defense was renewed in Yekaterinoslav (after having been interrupted in the 1880s) by Poalei Zion in “the Small Pogrom”, Passover 1901. In general, the research is full of not well–known details on Yekaterinoslav.
  4. Mark Schechter translated from Yiddish from Seven Special Poets, and others.
    (Russian publications in the Soviet Union on Jews, numbers: 664, 702, 704, 842, 849, 852, 875, 976, 1076 and the index).
  5. Orenberg in “Murder and Folklore” includes a total of 10 chapters on the saving of 24 Jews by gentiles. In one article, he notes the saving of 30 Jews (7 families).
    [С. Шварц, Антисемнтнзм в С.С.С.Р., 136–7]
    There is information that German gentiles were killed by the Nazis for saving Jews and protesting their murder. Schwartz considers this as unsourced.
  6. Alter Katzizna (1885–1941) was born in Vilna and lived in Yekaterinoslav. He became one of the chief spokesmen in the Yiddish literature arena in Warsaw.
  7. Dr. Esther Kololchik was born in Yekaterinoslav in 1890, where she grew up. Her father, a physician, was an active Zionist who was inscribed in his time in the Golden Book of the Jewish National Fund [I found the listing and sent her a copy of the certificate as “scientific material”…]. Until the end, she worked in Leningrad on the history of the workers movement in Russia (about 50 researchers). She wrote a documentary novel “Grigory Chudnovski” (in Russian) who she knew personally still in Yekaterinoslav and loved him. (Prior to that, a novel by Zabara was written about him, of which excerpts translated from a Yiddish manuscript were published in the original in “S.H.” under the name “Ordinary Mame” Обыкновенная мама.)
    According to her words (in a letter to me from 19.9.69) There was a hospital in Leningrad and a street in Dnipropetrovsk named after her (in Politzieskaya).
  8. More on religious life in Dnipropetrovsk:
    There were two rabbis in the 1930s. There were two synagogues at the beginning of the 1930s. There was a secret mikva [ritual bath] at the end of the 1930s.
    In 1930, there were 30–40 students in the Chabad Yeshiva. The lads were able to study a page of Gemara on their own. The teachers were: Rabbi Dov Kornitzer, may G–d avenge his blood – a great scholar, and Rabbi Mordechai–Tzvi Chartonov. The Yeshiva changed synagogues on occasion with the knowledge of the gabbaim and shamashim. The shochet Roglin of blessed memory took on responsibility for expenses. He was imprisoned and died in jail, may G–d avenge his blood. The students were forced to leave Dnipropetrovsk.
    (A. A. Gershuni, Jews and Judaism in the Soviet Union, 5730 – 1970, pp. 77, 87, 97, 106, 135).
  9. *. S. Ortenberg (Einikeit, 27.6.46) determined that the number of Jews in Dnipropetrovsk at the time of the Holocaust was 150,000. He writes that the Red Army found 10–15 Jews (and some minimize this number even more) including Yeva (Chava) Chebrinichkaya – see “Soviet Homeland” 1966 (10), and my letter there (1967). I have a letter to me from the late Ukrainian poet Ivan Chomkin, whose mother Agrafana Fedorivna has a file as a righteous gentile in Yad Vashem, stating that she saved her.
  10. **. More on the Jewish population of Dnipropetrovsk:
    At the end of the 1930s, it was one of the five cities with the largest Jewish population (totaling 1,300,000): Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev, Kharkov, Dnipropetrovsk (Gershuni, p. 51). There were 100,000 Jews before the war. There were 50,000 in July 1946 (?).
  11. More on the stories of the Holocaust of the Jews of Dnipropetrovsk:
    Molotov, when he approached all governments that had strong diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union in those days, gave information on 6.1.42 of the murder of 10,500 (?) Jews of Dnipropetrovsk, and 52,000 Ukrainians, Russians and Jews (?) in Kiev. The minimization was deliberate “Without connection to a nationality”!
  12. *. In Yad Vashem, Nisan 5721 (1961) (17), the table of times of events of the Holocaust (page 4, line 1) 12–13 October 1941. That is: Hoshana Rabba and Shmini Atzeret [the slaughter in Dnipropetrovsk].
  13. More on Reb Levi”sh: He had a rabbinic writ in Jaffa – thus writes Rebbetzin Chana Schneerson (peace be upon her) in her memoires, as she describes the confiscations that took place in their home in Dnipropetrovsk.
    About him – see A. A. Gershuni (in his book of 5730 – 1970) pp. 80, 111–112.
    Rabbi Avraham–David Lavaut (the grandfather of Rebbetzin Chana Schneerson and of the mother of A. [D.] Shlonski, called by the name of his mother) wrote (and published) aside from “Beit Aharon and Additions”: “Kav–Naki”, laws of divorces (5625 – 1865, 5674 – 1914, 5677 – 1917) [Included a section on “Hashlamat Hasedarim”]; “Netiv Chaim” – in “Derech Chaim” of Rabbi Y. of Lissa on the Code of Jewish Law.
    “Likutei Levi Yitzchak” (notes on the Tanya) from the Gaon Rabbi Levi”sh, may the memory of the righteous be a blessing, was published in 5730 – 1970 in Brooklyn and immediately photocopied in Kfar Chabad. A survey on him was added to it. I have “Memoires of the Rebbetzin Chana Schneerson” in Yiddish, photocopied from the printed version (about 100 pages): dealing with the imprisonment of the Gaon Rabbi Levi”sh until the rebbetzin left
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    The Soviet Union with a forged Polish passport. [The time has come to publicize this!] Now, “Likutei Lev”I” on the Zohar (Bereshit–Devarim) and on the Talmud has also been published. Both reached the Admor, may he live [translator's note: the Lubavitcher Rebbe] from the Soviet Union. They were written during the time of the deportation (?).
  1. *. Personal addenda: the lawyer Oscar Grosenberg (known from the Beiles trial and others) was a native of Yekaterinoslav. As well as the well–known cellist Petogorsky.
    (See my research on Yekaterinoslav in Shb”sh, where there are details.)
  2. Peretz Markish lived in the city for some years. He published six anthologies of his poems there (Abba Finkelstein in S.H.” 12/1970., pp. 177–178). He wrote in the “Trep” anthology, Yekaterinoslav, 1921, in “Der Ois Der Ein” (in Hebrew “A Generation Goes and a Generation Comes” with a translation by Meitos). There are mentions of Yekaterinoslav [A. Bik noted this to me]. See “Al Hamishmar”, 27 Kislev 5731 – 1970, Jews of Silence).
  3. More on the artist Avani of Yekaterinoslav – see his chapter in the book by Avraham Arst “In the Midst of My Nation, in the Midst of My City,” Tel Aviv, 5730 – 1970; and in the book: In the Worlds of Beker Vishlonski.
  4. Regarding the Yiddish Courthouse in Yekaterinoslav, see: HaAvar, 18, p. 137. [from there – in the district of Yekaterinoslav in 1925, there were 72,719 Jews].
  5. Shneur Zalman Aharonov – A scholar, published an anthology of Torah novella that was published in Warsaw (from 5660 – 1900 and onward), from Yekaterinoslav.
  6. Mighty Ones of the Soviet Union from Dnipropetrovsk: Lev Gutman, Leonard Brzidovsky, and Yuru Doljanski – who fell at the hands of the Nazis. Their photos are found in Yad Vashem (from letter of Dr. Y. Karmish to me from Adar II 5730 – 1970).
  7. Chana Levina – One of the best Soviet children's writers. Lives in Kharkov. Participates in S.H. A writer in Yiddish and Ukrainian. Born in Yekaterinoslav in 1900.
  8. Yekaterinoslav is mentioned in “HaAvar” 17, pp. 32, 42, 88, 108.
  9. David Rabinovitch was born in Yekaterinoslav on Passover, 5765 – 1905. He made aliya at the age of 4. He was active in P”T. (See Tidhar, 18, p. 5347).
  10. Autobiography, Zalman Aran, Am Haoved, Tel Aviv, 1971. On pages 53–55, Z. A. describes the period of his studies in the Yeshiva of Rabbi P. Gelman in Yekaterinoslav [he has the name wrong, as Helman].
  11. The family ties of Reb Chaim Cohen of blessed memory, the well–known philanthropist of Peterburg (oil business) to Yekaterinoslav: His son David was the head of the oil company in Yekaterinoslav in his time; He made aliya in 1942. His daughter Rachel Etinger lived in Yekaterinoslav and made aliya from there with her family. (HeAvar, 18).
    Due to these family ties, the seminary was set up specifically in Yekaterinoslav from the estate monies of Reb Chaim Cohen of blessed memory.
  12. Proclamation of anti–Semitism number 4 in Yekaterinoslav (Lenin, Iskra, February 15, 1903).
  13. Mordechai the son of Hillel HaKohen dedicates several pages in his book to Yekaterinoslav (Olami, book 3, pp. 88–92).
    See there about Michael (it should be Michel?) Meidanski [visited the Land of Israel with Rabbi Shmuel Mohilever], Shimon–Yehuda Stanislavski, M.M. Ussishkin, Sharyahu Payel, and Dr. Sh. Levin.
  14. The physician Dr. Aryeh Ben–Gefen (Gedera) of Yekaterinoslav claims that he received a proclamation of support of Zionism from Tolstoy and approval for a Jewish state from Lenin prior to the First World War. Both had an echo in the Jewish and general newspapers in Russia and Germany and were written about in “Maariv” and others (see my autobiography).
  15. Rabbi Eliahu Goldin was a teacher in the Yeshiva of Yekaterinoslav, according to the testimony of Rabbi Y. Z. Diskin of blessed memory (from a letter to me from Yekaterinoslav from 12 Marcheshvan 5728 – 1967). Olshevski, a businessman in Tel Aviv, was a student of the yeshiva.
  16. The Pushinists note that Yekaterinoslav was a place of meeting for Pushkin with the Jews.
  17. More on Y. Sh. Olshbang, see now: Sh. Breinman, K.S. 160, 47.
  18. More on the settlement of Yekaterinoslav natives in the Golan and the founding of the Achva Moshav there – Dr. Y.Sh. Klausner, Hauma 34.
  19. Rabbi Yaakov Elishevitz was a native of Yekaterinoslav. He was a shochet in Dnipropetrovsk and Moscow, and then he made aliya. See my article from 5731 (1971) on the religious situation in the Soviet Union, and on Rabbi Levin (there are several inaccuracies). Shearim, 12 Tishrei, Hamodia, 29 Kislev, Hatzofeh, 19 Tevet.
  20. Reb Mordechch”l (The writer Chaim Tshemrinski) lived his final years in Yekaterinoslav, where he died on 31.1.17. His book of parables in Yiddish was published in Yekaterinoslav in 1919.
  21. Regarding the physician and chalutz from Yekaterinoslav, Dr. Tzipora–Fania Lvova – see the article that I wrote. Bant, Tidhar of blessed memory, and one should amend there: She was in Kushta (Constantinople). In “Mesila Chadasha” in Shechem she treated Arabs and Samaritans. She studied Arabic. She observed Kashrut and the Sabbath. She recited Modeh Ani when she woke up and Shema before she went to bed. She died on the 3rd day of Chanukah 5725 (1964) and was buried in Nachalat Yitzchak near Tel Aviv. Appreciations were spoken and written about her, by me as well. My article on her, and her letter to me as the edited of a book, as well as her photograph – were not included in the book.
  22. The text on the gravestone of Yisrael Aryeh Leib Schneerson of Tzfat [Safed], who died on 12 Iyar 5712 (1952), mentions his brother Dovber, may G–d avenge his blood. (Regarding both of them it is written: peace be on them, heritage and rest, of fine deeds”). Their father: The rabbi and Gaon, guided by the spirit of G–d, a Kabbalist, of great deeds for Torah and the commandments, responded to many, Levi Yitzchak, the fourth generation of the honorable, holy Admor Tzemach Tzedek”…
    Regarding the rebbetzin Chana Schneerson of blessing, see G. Berechia (Tz.H.) Davar, 24 Marcheshvan, 5724 (1963). As well as Dr. Ch. Zeidman, Shearim, 20 Tammuz 5729 (1969), B.Tz. Goldberg, Tag (?)

Translator's Footnotes

  1. Throughout this article, the author uses Y–V as an abbreviation for Yekaterinoslav, and D–K for Dnipropetrovsk. Return
  2. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_I_of_Russia Return
  3. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Novorossiysk Return
  4. A play on words, as this could mean “To the conductor of young women.” Return


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