Memorial Volume for the Jews of Cluj-Kolozsvar
(Cluj-Napoca, Romania)

46°46' / 23°36'

Translation of
Sefer zikaron le-yahadut Kluzh-Kolozsvar

Editor: Dr. Moshe Carmilly-Weinberger

Published in New York 1970

Our sincere appreciation to Helen Rosenstein Wolf
for typing up the English text to facilitate its addition to this project.

This is a translation of: Sefer zikaron le-yahadut Kluzh-Kolozsvar (Memorial volume for the Jews of Cluj-Kolozsvar),
Editor: Dr. Moshe Carmilly-Weinberger, Published: New York 1970 (469 Languages: H, E, Hu)

Note: The original book can be seen online at the NY Public Library site: Cluj (1970)

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Translated by Yocheved Klausner


Hebrew Section
[In the original, the pages in this section are numbered by Hebrew letters]
Foreword   9
The Heavens wept M. Carmilly-Weinberger, Yeshiva U., N.Y. 13
The beginnings of the Jewish Settlement in Kolozsvar   16
The Communities
The Orthodox Community   26
The Congress Community (Reform)   31
The Sephardic Community   47
The Torah-study method of Rav Moshe Shmuel Glasner z”l N. Katzburg, Bar-Ilan U. Ramat-Gan 48
Synagogues and Batei-Midrash [houses of learning]   61
Charity Institutions
Chevra Kadisha; Org. of Jewish Women; Home for the Aged;
Orphanage; Aid for the poor; Psychological aid; Jewish hospital
The Social Workers' Office   72
Cultural and Sports Organizations
“Goldmark” Philharmonic Symphony; “Paul Ehrlich”
Doctors Organization; Sports association “Hagibor”
The Refugee Problem in Transylvania   81
The National Organization of the Communities   84
The Zionist Movement in Transylvania   88
Dr. Chaim Weissburg S. Zimroni, Benei-Brak 89
Dr. Yechezkel (Ernest) Marton S. Zimroni, Benei-Brak 91
Jewish education in Transylvania M. Carmilly-Weinberger 93
Active metamorphosis that would not turn to passive I. Idelstein, Giv'ataiym 100
Jewish education in Cluj I. Schwarz, Giv'at Olga 108
Hebrew poets in Transylvania M. Carmilly-Weinberger 112
The Jews of Transylvania in the Hungarian culture M. Carmilly-Weinberger 129
The Holocaust of the Northern Transylvania Jews M. Carmilly-Weinberger 130
A race with Death M. Carmilly-Weinberger 144
“Aufmachen!” [Open up!] A. Feuerlicht, Kiryat Mal'achi 150
On our way to Auschwitz S. Shmuel z”l 151
Restoring Jewish Life in Kolozsvar after the Holocaust   153
Hungarian Section
Foreword   1
The Heavens wept M. Carmilly-Weinberger 1
The Jews in Transylvania M. Carmilly-Weinberger 7
The Jews in Kolozsvar County during the 1848-49 war M. Carmilly-Weinberger 13
Communities and institutions   31
List of the Chevra Kadisha [burial society] Members   44
List of members of the Congress [reform] Community   63
Dr. Matityahu Eisler A. Scheiber, Head of the Rabbinic
Seminary, Budapest
Eulogy for Dr. Matityahu Eisler L. Kecskemet z”l 81
Dr. Yosef Fischer M. Carmilly-Weinberger 86
Dr. Alexander Kohot I, Schweitzer, Pecs 89
The Sephardic Community   95
Synagogues and Batei Midrash   96
Kolozsvar Jewry in terms of statistics M. Carmilly-Weinberger 105
History of the High-Schools in Cluj   114
List of High-School Students   121
The school principal Antal Mark A. Bach, Giv'at-Ada 129
The National Zionist Organization   134
Social and Cultural Institutions   138
Participation of Jews in the Commerce of Kolozsvar   152
History of the Organization of Reform Communities A. Lachs, Beer-Sheva 155
Mixed marriages in Transylvania and Banat M. Carmilly-Weinberger 168
Hebrew culture in Transylvania M. Carmilly-Weinberger 172
History of the Jewish Press in Transylvania K. Kahana, New-York 185
The Jews of Transylvania in the Hungarian culture M. Carmilly-Weinberger 202
A race with Death M. Carmilly-Weinberger 213
“Aufmachen!” [Open up!] A. Feuerlicht, Kiryat Mal'achi 235
On our way to Auschwitz S. Shmuel z”l 239
Jewish paratroupers from Kolozsvar   248
Restoring Jewish Life in Kolozsvar after the Holocaust I. Weiss, Tel-Aviv 249
Our schools Clara Knopfeller-Deitch, USA 257
English Section
Sephardic Jews In the Development of Transylvania M. Carmilly-Weinberger 263
Jewish education in Transylvania in the days of the Holocaust M. Carmilly-Weinberger 269
The Zionist Movement in Transylvania Livia Bitton 277
The tragedy of Transylvanian Jewry M. Carmilly-Weinberger 286
Five Protocols   305

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