JCR-UK

Cardiff Jewish Community

Cardiff, Wales

 

 

 

JCR-UK is a genealogical and historical website covering all Jewish communities and
congregations throughout the British Isles and Gibraltar, both past and present.
NOTE: We are not the official website for this community.

City of Cardiff

Cardiff (in Welsh - Caerdydd), a unitary authority, is the largest city and capital of Wales, with a population of about 300,000.  From 1974 to 1996, it formed the district of Cardiff in the county of South Glamorgan and, prior thereto, it was a county borough in the old county of Glamorganshire.  It lies on the northern coast of the Bristol Channel at the mouth of the river Taff.

The Cardiff Jewish Community

The date traditionally given for the first Jewish settlement in Cardiff is 1787. However, an organized community, with synagogue and Jewish burial grounds, was not fully established until approximately 1840 (Rise of Provincial Jewry, C. Roth).

Jewish Congregations

The following are the Jewish congregations that existed in Cardiff:

* An active congregation.

The following are former or alternative names of the above congregations:

  • Beth Hamedrash - this term can also refer to the Talmud Torah Congregation (1901 to 1904)

  • Bute Street Synagogue - see Cardiff Hebrew Congregation

  • Cardiff New Synagogue - see Cardiff Reform Synagogue

  • Cathedral Road Synagogue - see Cardiff Hebrew Congregation and Cardiff United Synagogue

  • Clare Road Congregation - see Cardiff New Hebrew Congregation or Beth Hemedresh

  • Cyncoed Gardens Synagogue - see Cardiff United Synagogue

  • East Terrace Synagogue - see Cardiff Hebrew Congregation

  • Edwards Place Synagogue - see Cardiff New Hebrew Congregation

  • "Englisher Shul" - see Cardiff Hebrew Congregation

  • "Furriners Shul" - see Cardiff New Hebrew Congregation

  • Merches Place Synagogue - see Cardiff New Hebrew Congregation

  • Moira Terrace Synagogue - see Cardiff Reform Synagogue

  • Old Hebrew Congregation - see Cardiff Hebrew Congregation

  • Penylan Synagogue - see Cardiff United Synagogue

  • Roath Park Synagogue - see Marlborough Road Synagogue

  • Windsor Place Synagogue - see Cardiff New Hebrew Congregation and Cardiff United Synagogue

  • Penylan Synagogue - see Cardiff United Synagogue

  • Trinity Street Synagogue - see Cardiff Hebrew Congregation

  

Search the All-UK Database


The records in the database associated with Cardiff include:

  • Burials

  • 1851 Anglo Jewry Database (updated 2016)

    • Individuals in the 1851 Anglo Jewry Database who were living in Cardiff during the 1790s (1 record); 1810s (1 record), 1820s (6 records), 1830s (10 records), 1840s (26 records), 1850s (55 records), 1860s (48 records), 1870s (30 records), 1880s (17 records), 1890s (10 records) and 1900s (1 record).

On-line Articles and Other Material
relating to the Cardiff Jewish Community

on JCR-UK

Other Cardiff Jewish Institutions & Organisations

Educational & Theological

  • School, adjoining Synagogue (founded by 1874)

Other Institutions & Organisations
Formed by 1900*

  • Hebrew Board of Guardians (from 1900 until 1904)

  • Hebrew Ladies Benevolent Society (founded 1894)for relief of resident poor.

Formed Later

  • Board of Shechita (see Into the Vortex, G. Alderman)

  • Hillel House

  • Jewish Club and Institute

  • Jewish Naturalisation and Political Association (from 1905, see Into the Vortex, G. Alderman)

* As listed in the 1896/7 & 1900/01

 


Cardiff Jewish Cemeteries Information


Cardiff has three Jewish burial grounds (one Reform and two Orthodox), as listed below.:

  • Old Jewish Cemetery, Highfield Road, Roath Park, Cardiff CF14. This is the original Orthodox Jewish cemetery, reputedly presented to the Community by the Marquis of Bute in about 1841. First burials 1845. JOWBR includes 1,372 searchable record in respect of this cemetery.

  • New Jewish Cemetery, Greenfarm Road, Ely, Cardiff. The Orthodox Jewish cemetery currently in use.

  • Reform Jewish Cemetery, Cowbridge Road Entrance, Ely Cemetery, Cardiff. This is the cemetery of the Cardiff Reform Synagogue.

(For additional information, see IAJGS International Jewish Cemeteries Project - Cardiff)

 

 

Community Records

Register Office (BMD) and Registration Districts:

  • Registers currently held Cardiff Register Office (since 1996)

    • Registration Districts to 1996:
         Cardiff - from 1 July 1837 to 1 April 1974
         South Glamorgan - from 1 April 1974 to 1996

    • Any registers would generally be held by current register office

  • Register Office website

National Archives:

  • Cardiff Jewish Community records and papers, a PDF file listing the documents and records deposited with the Glamorgan Records Office relating to the Cardiff Jewish Community 1845-1991 (Reference Code GB 0214 DJR  - The National Archives)

 

Cardiff Jewish Population Data

1858

about 150

estimate (Into the Vortex, G. Alderman)

1900

about 1,500

estimate (Into the Vortex, G. Alderman)

1934

2,225

(The Jewish Year Book 1935)

1946

2,500

(The Jewish Year Book 1947)

1968

3,500

(Encyclopeadia Judaica, 1971 edition)

1990

1,400

(The Jewish Year Book 1991)

1990

941

(The Jewish Year Book 2005)


Jewish Congregations in the former county of Glamorganshire

Jewish Congregations in Wales, according to current unitary authorities

Jewish Communities in Wales home page


Page created: 21 August 2005
Latest revision or update: 31 October 2019


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