the former

Buxton Hebrew Congregation

& Jewish Community

Buxton, High Peak, Derbyshire




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congregations throughout the British Isles and Gibraltar, both past and present.

Town of Buxton

The spa town of Buxton in the English East Midlands is considered the gateway to the Peak District National Park. It was a municipal borough until 1974, when it was merged with adjoining areas to form the District (later Borough) of High Peak, still remaining within the county of Derbyshire.

A photograph of Oddfellows Hall, where the former Buxton Congregation held its Sabbath morning services,
taken in December 2010 by Selwyn Rose.

Buxton Jewish Community

Although there had been individual Jews in Buxton from the early nineteenth century number, an organised Jewish community was not established until the influx of evacuees during World War II, who established the only known Jewish congregation in the town, the Buxton Hebrew Congregation, which did not survive long after the end of the War

Congregation Data


Buxton Hebrew Congregation


Services were held on Friday evening at 4, Lower Hardwick Street and on Saturdays at the Oddfellows Hall, Market Street.(ii) Prior to the establishment of the congregation, in about 1940 services were held frequently at Somerford House, Terrace Road.(iii)

Date Founded:

Believed to have been established in about 1940.


Closed in about 1946.(iv)


Orthodox - Ashkenazi


Rabbi Benzion Lapian - through World War II until about 1945(v)

Lay Officers:

Until about 1945(viii)

Chairman - S. Oster

Warden - M. Gurvitch

Treasurer - A. Bishop

Hon.- Secretary B. Hyams

From about 1945(ix)

Chairman - B.B. Lichtenstein

Wardens - S. Leitner & Dr. S. Wohl

Treasurer - P. Davies

Hon.- Secretary D. Lever

Notes & Sources ( returns to text above)

  • (i) Reserved.

  • (ii) Jewish Year Books 1945/6 to 1948.

  • (iii) Jewish Year Books 1940.

  • (iv) The congregation was last listed in the Jewish Year Book 1948. However, the data is an exact repeat of that of the previous year, and there is a note that no information had been provided for the then current year, and it is likely that the congregation had closed some time earlier.

  • (v) Althoug Rabbi Lapian is listed as minister in Jewish Year Books 1945/6 (the first following the resumption of publication following the war) through 1948, his inclusion in the 1947 and 1948 editions is clearly an error, as he was already listed as minister at his next post (Woolwich & Plumstead) in the 1947 edition. To view a short profile - hold the cursor over Rabbi Lapian's name.

  • (vi) and (vii) Reserved.

  • (viii) Listed in the Jewish Year Book 1945/46. It is not known from when such term of service commenced.

  • (ix) Listed in Jewish Year Books 1947 and 1948. It is uncertain as to when the tem of service ended (see note (iv) above).


Search the All-UK Database

The records in the database associated with Buxton include:

  • 1851 Anglo Jewry Database (updated 2016)

    • Individuals in the 1851 Anglo Jewry Database who were living in Buxton during the 1820s (1 record), 1830s (7 records), 1840s (9 records), 1850s (9 records), 1860s (6 records) and 1870s (2 records).


Communal Records

Registration District (BMD):

  • High Peak (Derbyshire) (since 1 April 1974) - Register Office website

  • Previous Registration Districts:   
       High Peak - 1 July 1837 to 20 January 1838;
       Chapel en le Frith - 20 January 1938 to 1 April 1974.
       (All registers would now be held by current office.)


Jewish Congregations in Derbyshire

Jewish Communities of England home page

Page created: 4 November 2005
Latest revision or update: 11 June 2021

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