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Jewish and non-Jewish forced laborers held in Vienna at the Saurer Werke were transferred to a Mauthausen sub-camp, Steyr. 193 laborers were considered too sick to be transferred; the remainder were sent.
The Introduction to the datafile "Mauthausen/Gusen Death Book", at http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Holocaust/0117_Mauthausen-Gusen-Death-Book.html, provides a brief summary of Mauthausen. There Steyr is listed as an armaments plant, which used 1,791 prisoners. Considerable information on Mauthausen and its subcamps can be found at the Mauthausen Memorial. In December 1944, there were 72,825 registered inmates in Mauthausen, more than 62,000 of whom were in the satellite camps. In March 1945, before the liberation of the main camp, there were more than 40 sub-camps, or satellite camps.
The first camps were for construction. Next were armaments facilities.
"The systematic establishment of armaments factories in the Linz and Vienna regions led to the formation of a new type of satellite camp in which the inmates were involved in the construction of production facilities and then in production itself. The first satellite camp established for the armaments industry was Steyr-Münichholz in March 1942. Other satellite camps for the armaments industry were set up in the Vienna area (Schwechat) and Upper Austria (St. Valentin, Linz I and III, armaments production in Gusen I)."
As the industry became dependent on forced labor, it is conjectured that the living conditions of the forced laborers began to improve.
This database includes 1,437 records. They include individuals from the following lists:
The ultimate fate of these persons is not given.
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Researchers will find translations for German occupations at JewishGen's Info File: http://www.jewishgen.org/InfoFiles/GermanOccs.htm.
The information contained in this database was indexed from the files of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM File is RG 17.002M).
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Last Update: 28 Dec 2008 by MFK