There is a tendency to assume that all but a very few of the over one million persons who were sent to Auschwitz died there. This is undoubtedly true for almost all the Jews who arrived in Auschwitz, though even for these this was not always the case (see below). A parallel assumption, with far less validity, is that prisoners were murdered on the date of arrival. In fact, roughly one-third of persons sent to Auschwitz, including many Jews, were “entered” into Auschwitz -- i.e., given prisoner numbers -- and used as forced laborers. Although most of these died in the following months, I only wish to stress that arrival date and death date are often not identical.
The Auschwitz Museum has published several books relating to the camp -- the most relevant of which are Death Books for Auschwitz, (K.G.Saur, 1995), and Memorial Book: The Gypsies at Auschwitz-Birkenau, (K.G.Saur, 1993). However, the Museum has so far not published all the name lists it holds and it has placed no material on any web site. The Museum has been quite good about replying to individual inquiries but many researchers do not even know that their relatives were sent there, or the exact names about which to inquire. This unwillingness to utilize the web is part of a more general problem which “afflicts” virtually every concentration camp museum and memorial site.
Given the size and importance of Auschwitz, several friends and I have decided to “chip at the iceberg” by making available on the web names from transports from Auschwitz, as well as partial death and forced labor lists. This is a slow and tedious job, so please be patient.
The fields included in this list are as follows:
Abbreviations for nationality were not consistently used. This glossary presents the most common usages for ethic groupings in this list. A key to those letters is as follows:
|Nationality and Status - German||English translation|
|Jude Belg.||Belgian Jew|
|Jude D.||Denmark or German Jew?|
|Jude D.R.||German Jew|
|Jude Dtsch.||German Jew|
|Jude F+D172rk.||Homosexual French Jew;paragraph 172|
|Jude Frk.,or Frz.,or Fr,or Fränz||French Jew|
|Jude Gr.||Greek Jew|
|Jude Holl. ,or H||Dutch Jew|
|Jude Ital.||Italian Jew|
|Jude Lich.||Lichtenstein Jew|
|Jude P.,or Poln,or poln. Jude||Polish Jew|
|Jude PSV.||Jewish political security prisoner|
|Jude Rum.||Rumanian Jew|
|Jude Sl.||Slovak Jew|
|Jude Slow.||Slovak Jew|
|Jude Stls.||stateless Jew|
|Jude Tsch.||Czech Jew|
|Jude Türk.||Turkish Jew|
|Jude Ung.||Hungarian Jew|
Some entries also have a letter before the prisoner number, the meaning of which is not clear. However, we have included that letter designation from the original records. The largest number of Jews in this transport were Hungarian, but there were also Poles, Germans, French, Dutch, Greek, Belgian, and Slovaks. I have not attempted to determine their fate in Stutthof, though, given the vast files available from that institution, this might be possible.
The information contained in this database was indexed from the files of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (RG 04.058M, Reel 212). This information is accessible to you today thanks to the effort of the following JewishGen volunteer who is responsible for the transcription of this file: Naomi Teveth.
|JewishGen Holocaust Database|