Rakow Community Memorial Book
(Rakov, Belarus)

53°58' / 27°04'

Translation of Sefer zikaron le-kehilat Rakow

Edited by Haim Abramson

Published in Tel Aviv, 1959



Project Coordinator

Ruth Wilnai


This is a translation from: Sefer zikaron le-kehilat Rakow (Memorial book of the community of Rakow),
ed. H. Abramson, Tel Aviv, Former residents of Rakow in Israel and the U.S.A., 1959

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The Organization of Former Residents of Rakow in Israel and in the USA

Tel Aviv 5719 – 1959
The Israeli Landsmanschaft “Vaad” of the Organization of Former Residents of Rakow in Israel:
Haim Abramson, Alperovich Zvi, The Rabbi Garlin, Gorlik Yakov Shabtai, Botwinik Aba, Birger Yosef, Avni Shmuel,
Sonya Meisel, Yehuda Lifshitz

Translated by Ruth Wilnai

Introduction to the book
Preface   7
The History of Rakow
The History of Rakow's Rabbis and Community M. Tzinovitz 11
Articles in the Hebrew Press in 1887, 1888, 1909, 1910   16
The Town from the End of the Nineteenth Century to the Thirties Abraham Starovin 23
Abraham Starovin various sources Kh. A. 34
Memories of the Zionist Movement and the Bund Migdal Dinah née Hurewitz 36
The Zionist Movement in the Town Tema Lifshitz 39
Rakow During First World War P. Zalff 41
About Self Defense During 1905 The Rabbi Shmuel Mordechai Garlin 45
How The Bund Was Founded Velvel Bentches 47
The History Of The Library The Rabbi Shmuel Mordechai Garlin 49
Public Discussion About Zionism The Rabbi Shmuel Mordechai Garlin 51
The Prodigy From Rakow Tzvi Kaplan 53
Rakow As a Center Of Bible And Scholarship The Rabbi Shmuel Mordechai Garlin 55
Our Home Town Reuven Viener 60
The Pioneering Youth Movements Aba Botvinik 66
With The Flow H. Abramson 73
The Memories Of A Teacher Shalom Cholevsky 78
Remembering And Embracing Of The Past
Sixty Years Ago Maurice (Moshe Tsvi) Berman 85
Granary Lane B. Botvinik z”l 87
Solmianka B. Botvinik z”l 90
My Memories William Rosenthal 91
About William Rosenthal   93
The Artist's Words About His Work   95
Rakow Way Of Life
Rabtzik And Borila   99
Market Day M. Sigal 103
Basha Riva Goes To Minsk M. Sigal 106
Leib Habes. The Red Skinned Bull And The Plot Mata Miashka Ejdles 109
A Rakow Tale Faya Simcha Bunimes 111
R. M. Len In The General's Palace M. Sigal 112
Experiences Yehudith Shrira 116
A Night Before Death Yehudith Shrira 118
Figures And Characters Yakov Shabtai Gorlik 122
Friend Tell About Their Relatives
R. Heikle Ovrezhansky z”l Nehanah Gvirtzman 131
Yitzhak Gedalovitz Reminiscences   133
Yehuda Lifshitz Story   134
Eulogy for Yitzhak Katz who was Murdered in Jaffa on the Fifth of Sivan 5674 [May, 1914]   134
A Horrible Death in Jaffa   136
R. Shmuel Yitzhak Re'uveni (Rubintchik) z”l   138
The Holocaust And The Destruction
Rakow Under The Nazi Occupation
  Moshe Fogolanski 141
  Nachum Grinholtz 148
  Aharon Grinholtz 151
What I Suffered During The Holocaust A Milshtein 152
In Russian Captivity And The Polish Army Shmuel Avni 157
On Rakow's Ruins Zelig Kost 166
Requiem   168
Yiddish Essays
Rakow Under The Nazi Occupation
  Moshe Fogolanski 171
  Nachum Grinholtz 178
On Rakow's Ruins Zelig Kost 182
Rakow - Jewish Martyrs   187

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