"Skulsk" - Encyclopedia of Jewish
Communities in Poland, Volume I

52°29' / 18°20'

Translation of "Skulsk" chapter from
Pinkas Hakehillot Polin

Published by Yad Vashem

Published in Jerusalem


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Morris Wirth

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This is a translation from: Pinkas Hakehillot: Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities, Poland,
Volume I, page 165, published by Yad Vashem, Jerusalem

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(page 165)

(District of Konin)

Translated by Madeleine Okladek

1.9.1939?+- 210

The first Jews settled in Skulsk at the end of the 18th century. In the years 1823-62, Jewish settlement was forbidden in Skulsk because of its closeness to the border; only a few resided there, except those with special permits. The Jews made a living from petty trading and from crafts.

The nomination of a local rabbi in the middle of the 19th century proves the existence of an independent Jewish community. In 1850, Rabbi Abraham Appel was chosen as the community rabbi; he served in this position until 1875. From 1898-1905, Rabbi Meir, son of Abraham Temerzon, served as the community's rabbi. After him, Rabbi Baruch Yitzchak Issachar was the Rabbi of Skulsk. Then, Rabbi Abraham Josef Lewi filled the position during the period from 1900 to 1920.

No other information is available on community life until the outbreak of World War II. During the Holocaust, from September 1939 until the middle of 1940, the Jews of Skulsk were subjected to forced labor, property confiscation and other Nazi ordinances.

On July 17-18, 1940, the Jewish settlement in Skulsk was liquidated. Some of the Jews were transferred to nearby Zagórów; others were sent to rural ghettos in Grodziec and Rzgów, where the Jews of the area were concentrated. On March 9, 1941, some of the Jews in Grodziec and Rzgów were transferred to Izbica Lubelska, Józefów Lubelski, and to Krasnystaw, that was in the General Government. Among those transferred were the Jewish residents of Skulsk.

The remnant of the Skulsk Jews who remained in Zagórów, Grodziec and Rzgów were murdered in October 1941 in the forests of Kazimierz Biskupi, together with the rest of the Jews in the area.

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