"Tuliszków" - Encyclopedia of Jewish
Communities in Poland, Volume I

52°05' / 18°18'

Translation of "Tuliszków" chapter from
Pinkas Hakehillot Polin

Published by Yad Vashem

Published in Jerusalem


Project Coordinator

Morris Wirth


Corinne Appleton

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This is a translation from: Pinkas Hakehillot:
Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities, Poland, Volume I, page 123, published by Yad Vashem, Jerusalem

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(page 123)

(Konin District)

1.9.39 ?230

The Jews began to settle in the small town of Tuliszków at the beginning of the 19th century. Some of them made a living in commerce dealing in grain, wood and cattle, and others were craftsmen and small-scale commercial dealers; there were also Jewish farmers who worked the land they owned. A number of Jews from Tuliszków participated in the Polish uprising of 1863, one of whom, Yaakov Moshe Skobern, was sentenced to be hanged by the Russians, and saved only by the intervention of Polish priests.

The Jews of Tuliszków supported a synagogue and a number of small groups of Hassidim. In the 1920's Rabbi Joel Fox served the community. He was very active in community affairs; and he was also a member of the Mizrachi Zionist Party.

Between the two world wars, the economic situation of the Jews deteriorated and many Jewish mechants were attacked by the local antisemites. As a result, many Jews moved to larger towns; others emigrated. During this period the congregation was reduced by some 30%.

The Germans conquered Tuliszków in the second week of World War 2, and immediately set in motion the usual draconian measures against the Jews. These consisted of slave labor, forced contributions, plunder of property, restrictions of movement, abuse of the elderly and gross humiliations. At end of November 1939, they were compelled to wear on the arm a yellow Mogen David. At the end of December 1939, a Judenrat was set up, and they were ordered to provide a record of all the members of the Jewish population. In January 1940, the Jews were forced into a ghetto; this being one of the first ghettos established in the whole area. The Germans immediately disconnected the electricity from the houses in the ghetto. They prohibited the bringing in of furniture, furs, skins, and new clothes, all of which were confiscated and divided up between the local non-Jewish community. In October 1941 the ghetto was was demolished and its inhabitants sent to the country ghetto in Kowale Pańskie. Their fate was the same as that suffered by the other Jews who'd been brought to these places.

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