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[Page 193]

Oncești

(Romania)

47°51' 23°59'

Romanian: Oncești;
Hungarian: Váncsfalva

Translated by Jerrold Landau

It is a village about 35 kilometers southeast of the district city of Sziget. All of its residents were Romanian.

Jewish Population

Year Population Percentage
of Jews in the
General
Population
1830 33 (1,068 residents)
1920 114 9.8
1930 123 8.5

 

The first Jews arrived in the village in the middle of the 18th century. In the census of 1768, three Jewish families consisting of 12 individuals are registered in Oncești: Yaakov Illyés whose family consisted of four individuals. He was a liquor distiller, and paid 13 florin annually as a lease fee; Yaakov Davidovics, whose trade was not noted. Apparently, he was a poor Jew, for no lease fee or any other obligations such as tolerance tax, was imposed upon him; Anshel Izakovics, who was also a liquor distiller. He paid eight florin annually as a lease fee.

From then on, we have no details about the Jews of the village. Apparently, during the Holocaust, the Jews were transferred to the Berbești Ghetto, from where they were deported to Auschwitz.

After the Holocaust, 23 Holocaust survivors returned. Today there are no Jews in Oncești.

 

Bibliography

Magyar-Zeido Okleveltar, vol. XVI, Budapest, 1976, p. 100.

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