With a Rifle in My Hand
and Eretz Yisrael in My Heart

by Dov Levin



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I. Before the Nazi Conquest 1
  Under Soviet Rule 1
II. My First Reaction to the Nazi German Conquest 3
III. In the Slabodka Ghetto 4
  Events in the Summer of 1941 4
  Commands, Decrees, Systematic Killings (“Aktziye's”), Fear, Pressure and Despair 5
  The Time of “Relative Quiet” in the Kovno Ghetto (November 1941 to October 1943 7
IV. In the Anti-Nazi Underground of the Kovno Ghetto 9
  The Craving for Resistance and its Realization 9
  The “Estonia Aktziye” – My Watershed Event in the Ghetto 9
  The Unfortunate Chapter of the Flight to the Augustow Forest 12
  In the Kibbutz – Mildos 7 13
V. In the Ranks of "Death to the German Occupiers" Partisan Unit 16
  To the Forests 17
  The Dramatic Meeting with Abba Kovner and Its Consequences 19
  The Missive – Its Contents and its Significance 20
VI. Exiting the Forest and "Self Evaluation" 22
VII. Epilogue 24
VIII. Appendix 28
  Monday – October, 15, 1945 – On the Way to the Ship in Italy 28
  Tuesday – October 16, 1945 29
  The Holy Sabbath – Day Six of the Journey to the Holy Land – With Best Wishes for Success – October 20, 1945 29
  Sunday – October 22, 1945 – The Seventh Day of the Voyage – Cyprus 30

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Updated 27 Aug 2005 by LA