(Czech Republic 49°58' 14°4')
Compilation by Jaroslav Polák-Rokycan, Prague
Translated from the original Czech by Jan O. Hellmann/DK
Edited in English by Rob Pearman/UK
In the Beroun region in 1921, there was a total of 290 Jews (0.8 %); in the Hořovice region, 215 were counted (0.6 %); and in all the administrative districts, the total was 505 (0.7 %). In 1910, there were 402 Jews in the entire Beroun area (1.1 %); 279 (0.7%) in the Hořovice area; and a total of 681 (0.9%). Between these two dates, the total number of Jews fell by 112 in the Beroun area and by 64 in the Hořovice area in all, 176.
|Former synagogue in Hostomice|
There are religious Israelite communities as follows:
In Beroun, where Hugo Roubíček from Beroun is the mayor
In Liteň, where Bohumil Roubíček from Liteň is the mayor
In Hořovice, where the mayor is Josef Abeles from Tlustice
In Hostomice, where the mayor is Moric Novák from Hostomice.
The only rabbi is in Beroun. This is Doctor of Philosophy Moric Müller, and he also teaches the Israelite religion.
In Hořovice, a travelling rabbi (J. Flaschner from Strakonice) teaches religion.
There are synagogues in Beroun, Liteň, Hořovice and Beštín, and a prayer room in Hostomice. The synagogue in Všeradice is no longer in use. There are empty synagogues in Mořina, Tetín (this was the oldest synagogue in the Beroun area), Vysoký Újezd, Lochovice (this was the oldest in the Hořovice area), and in Praskolesy.
In each Jewish community, a Chevra Kadisha takes care of the Jewish cemeteries, which are to be found in Beroun, Liteň, Mořina, Běštín, and Praskolesy. The Jewish cemetery in Liteň goes back to the year 1680.
In the past, the township of Liteň and its citizens received some privileges, one of which was the right to establish a Jewish cemetery in 1680 for the Jews from Liteň and the surrounding area. This right was granted by Kuňata Jaroslav, Count of Buben and Litice:
I, Kuňata Jaroslav, Count of Buben and Lyttitz, Březnov, Skašov, Liteň, Srbce and Lštině, His Imperial Mercy, Councilor of the Great Court, Chamber Assessor, announce with this decree to all persons who read or hear it, that the Jew Adam Polák, living in the Manor of Liteň, together with others, namely Eliáš Gezl Lochovský, Abraham Vosovský, Wolf Zbraslavský, Jelínek Všeradický, Marek Tmáňský, Alexander Starohuťský, Jelínek Novohuťský and Marek Praskoleský, declare that they are all residents of the Brdy area, and that people are dying, especially in the time of the plague in the year 1680, and should this continue to happen they do not have a cemetery in which to bury their dead. They therefore applied to be assigned a plot for their burials within the Manor of Liteň.
Being moved by their supplication, I could not fail to hear their plea and decided to order my trustee Ondřej Ledvina Lochovský of this Manor to assign a plot of 1 x 2 provazec as a place for burial. This plot is located above the township of Liteň on the right side of the road that leads to the pond above škrandelīs meadow. This plot is for Adam Polák and all the other Jews that signed the petition and for their descendents. This will enable them to bury their dead both in times of plague and otherwise. This allocation is for all eternity.
|The cemetery in Beštín (old section)|
For this mercy and for the plot, they paid me 40 guilders on the Day of St. Havel. In future, they will pay 20 crowns for each body that is buried - whether a child, servant, or their own daughter or son. For adult men and housewives, they will pay me 45 crowns. Payment will always be made before the burial takes place. In the event that others should be buried in the plot, then the amount to be paid is one guilder for each child and eight guilders for each adult. Should anyone be buried without the payment being made, then a penalty of 10 Meissen threescore shall apply. They are free to place a fence around the allocated plot. This I confirm on my own behalf and on behalf of all of my heirs and future generations.
In the following townships, the Jews constitute more than 2% of the total population: Tmáň 2.3%, Vysoký Újezd 2.1%, Vinařice 2.1%, čenkov 2.3%, Hostomice 2.1%.
Between 1% and 2 %: Běleč 1.8, Bykoš 1.8, Málkov 1.8, Srbsko 1.7, Svinaře 1.7, Bubovice 1.6, Jarov 1.5, Poučník 1.5, Skuhrov 1.3, Beroun 1.2, Suchomasty-Borek 1.2, Trubín 1.1, Liteň 1.0, Tlustice 1.8, Všeradice 1.7, Vižina 1.5, Hořovice 1.2 and Osov 1.2.
In the remaining townships, the Jewish population is below 1 %: Hýskov-Stará Huť, Králův Dvůr, Loděnice, Mořina, Počaply, Sv. Jan pod Skalou, Tetín, Hlásná Třebáň, Bezdědice, Běštín, Běřín, Drozdov, Chodouň, Jince, Libomyšlo, Lochovice, Nesvačily, Neumětely, Podluhy, Praskolesy, Radouš, Zdice, and Žebrák.
|Rudolf Matzka||Leopold Bulowa||Jindrich Steindler|
|Rb. Josef Singer||Rb. B. Wedeles||Moric Novak|
Tetín Approximately a quarter of an hour from Beroun stands Tetín one of the oldest Czech townships. The fortress and the township date from the time of the first Přemysls. According to legend, the name comes from Teta, one of the daughters of Krok, the forefather of the Czechs, and the sister of Libuše. Jews have lived here from ancient times and there has also been a Jewish community here with all its institutions, i.e. with a synagogue, ritual bath, cemetery and community house, in which there has been a German religious school for a long time.
In 1872, the community was abandoned and the community house and synagogue were bought by Jan Vojáček, the Squire and Member of Parliament. The inventory of the synagogue was moved to the synagogue in Beroun. Member of Parliament Vojáček did not allow the synagogue to be used for worldly purposes, and even used part of the community house for welfare, allowing a poor Jewish widow whom he supported all her life to live there until her death.
Beroun town information (in English): http://www.mesto-beroun.cz/en/
Student work about Jews in the Beroun area (in Czech): http://www.zmizeli-sousede.cz/pracestudentu/pisemne/prace11.htm
Some photos from the Jewish cemetery in Beroun: http://pamatky.kehilaprag.cz/hledani/beroun
Jewish cemetery in Beroun: http://www.zidovskehrbitovy.cz/index.php?id_cat=20&+new=2933
Hostomice short history of the town (in Czech): http://www.hostomice.cz/index.php?page=historie
Liteň short description of the town (in Czech): http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lite%C5%88
Jewish cemetery in Liteň (in Czech): http://www.atlasceska.cz/stredocesky-kraj/zidovsky-hrbitov-liten/
Synagogue in Liteň (in Czech): http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synagoga_v_Litni
Hořovice town description (in Czech): http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ho%C5%99ovice
Shoa victims from Hořovice (in Czech): http://www.mesto-horovice.eu/mesto/pamatky-a-historie/horovicti-zide/
Běštín short history of the town (in Czech): http://www.obecbestin.cz/historie.htm
Věštín the Jewish cemetery (in Czech): http://www.prostor-ad.cz/pruvodce/okolobrd/bestin/hrbitov.htm
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