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[Page 577]

Chapter Fifteen – Supplemental Material

[Page 578]

Yitzhak-Shmuel Rozenblat z”l

by Binyamin Yemini

Translated by Hadas Eyal

Passed away in Jerusalem May 12, 1967

Reb Yitzhak-Shmuel Rozenblat came from the well-known Epstein-Shapira Radomski family. Yitzhak was educated in the Cheder and Beit Midrash, as was customary in those days. When he was only 12 years old, he asked to join the 'Tseiri-Mizrachi' organization founded by religious national youth after the Balfour Declaration in 1917. Despite being the youngest, he completed every task with love and dedication – collecting donations for the 'Keren Kayemet', tutoring students at the 'Mizrachi' school, etc. He helped before he was asked to out of simple friendship.

In 1926 he left his father's comfortable home to fulfill the ideals of Aliya and settlement. The beginning here was difficult, as it was for many of the first Olim, until he found work. He took on construction work, painted walls, nothing was beneath him and all work was accepted with love and done responsibly.

He married Malka, the daughter of our townsman reb Mordechai-Yosef (Melinovitser) Ben-Zvi z”l who was one of the first to make Aliya from Radomsk and passed away here at an old age. Reb Yitzhak-Shmuel was an honest person, a Hassid of the Levov Rabbi and in his close circle. The Rozenblat house was open to all and he was always welcomed in the homes of Radomskers in Israel. His sons were brought up on Torah, avoda, building the country and protecting it. Son Dov z” l was killed defending Gush Etzion in 1948.

May the memory of the father and the son be blessed and bound in the bond of life.

Reb Y. Shmuel

by David Margolevsky

My dear friend Y. Shmuel was a member of the 'Halutz Mizrachi' and a devoted activist in all the Zionist institutions in Radomsk. He also participated in all Torah and Talmud lessons. In Israel he managed to save some money from exhausting work and until he was settled. His demeanor was that of a pleasant honest Hasid and he loved to help those in need. Many of our townspeople came to him for support for various purposes such as commerce, marriage of a daughter, and charity.

It is a pity for those who are gone and no longer be found.

My father

by his son Moshe

My father and teacher Yitzhak-Shmuel came to Israel in 1926, he was 20 years old and a bachelor. We never spoke with father about his motives for leaving a spacious comfortable home and Radomsk which he referred to as “a Judaism town”. But as I matured and knew him better the reason became clear to me: the special challenge in making Aliya in those days, the aspiration to physically fulfill the mitzvah of every simple Jew to build Israel. And indeed, he never thought to leave, not even in the times of crisis he experienced.

Father never became hooked to a certain political party. His Aliya and adaptation path in Israel had nothing to do with benefits from political institutions. He had enormous love for the country and people which he passed on to his sons. Three of the brothers participated in the War of Independence. Two joined the Army before the national institutions called people to join the war effort, the eldest brother Dov was killed.

Our father's most salient personality characteristic was his ambition to do everything to completion without giving up or compromising. He had no patience for those who promised but did not follow through and those who do not complete their task. He invested all necessary effort to reach his goals, calculating everything with precision. I think father's highest praise for another person was to say: “this person did his job in faith and ability”.

He liked two types of people: religious scholars because the Torah was very dear to him; and masterful craftsmen. He never discarded the days of hardship for him and the family during the time he worked in the Jezreel Valley and the Jordan Valley as a constructor and craftsman. The difficult times solidified his Jewish faith and pride in the creative, perfect, clean work he did.

I am uncomfortable praising my father in public and I'm sure he himself would not allow me to do so. But I must mention another of his prominent characteristics which he developed in his special way – the desire to help others. His house was open to every person, for either anonymous or named donations, for advice, or for restoring peace between two friends.

In conclusion, I will quote a paragraph of contemplation he wrote down. The words summarize his expectations from others and from himself, not just from judges: “It is said “Judges and guards put in all your gates”. The word 'your' is there to teach us that every mitzvah begins with self- judgement. To don every righteous and good attribute. To be clean. In the words of Chazal: “Any religious judge who takes a bribe is not religious a judge”. This idea is repeated in the scriptures with the words: “Justice justice you shall pursue”. Be righteous yourself before you judge others”.

[Page 579]

Yaacov Eilam (Buchman) z”l

Among the heroes of the Six-Day War 1967 (5727)

by D. B.

Translated by Hadas Eyal

He is the son of Radomskers Rachel and David Buchman, born on May 1, 1937. His early educational path took him from elementary school in the neighborhood of Beit-HaKerem in Jerusalem, to high school in Kibbutz Mishmar HaEmek. He left the Kibbutz in pursuit of higher education but the Kibbutz members admired and loved him deeply until his heroic death.

At Hebrew University, Eilam completed two academic degrees – a BA in social sciences & humanities followed by a four-year MD degree. He excelled in all subjects and research projects as well as in a variety of sports, winning numerous medals in swimming, basketball, shot put, weightlifting and wrestling. In 1967 Eilam qualified for a spot on the national wrestling team scheduled to participate in an international sport event in India in November of that year.

Eilam met his wife Ruth when they were both members of the IDF delegation to the Dutch traditional 'Four Days March' in 1958. They wed in 1962 and became parents to son Alon in 1963.

Alongside sports, Eilam cultivated his musical talents learning the piano, oboe and accordion. From age 11 he frequently and diligently competed in live musical quiz shows on the Israeli radio “Kol Israel” in which he won many prizes. After years as one of the lead oboe players in the youth orchestra of the “Kibbutz HaArtsi” and the Hebrew University orchestra, he was offered a second-seat position in the “Kol Israel” orchestra.

Eilam's mandatory IDF service began in 1956. Within three months of joining the army he participated in the Sinai War, demonstrating impressive battle abilities in the Rafah front. After the war he was sent to officer training and was stationed as the commander of the patrol commando of “Golani” brigade. He held various combat positions in “Golani” until his release to reserve duty ranked captain in March 1959.

As a reserve commander of a paratrooper commando unit he was mobilized at the beginning of the Six-Day War. He was killed in the line of duty on June 7, 1967 in the battle to liberate the old city of Jerusalem when he led his squad with dedication and bravery under fire to extract wounded friends stuck in the section between the Lions' Gate and the Mount of Olives.

D. B.

The paratroopers in Jerusalem: The battle for the wounded

On the night of the combat operation to liberate Jerusalem, the paratrooper commando unit was given the mission to ascend and gain hold of the Mount of Olives and its vicinity. The operation began with the assistance of armored tanks which slowed down progression. The commando jeeps were ordered to bypass the tanks and ascend without them.

The road passed at the foot of the old-city walls then swerved at the Lions' Gate through the Valley of Hinnom towards the Mount of Olives. The first vehicle that passed over the valley was hit by heavy artillery fired from a Jordanian camouflaged tank straight ahead, followed immediately by machine gunfire from the Jordanian posts on the old city walls. Three of the soldiers in the first jeep were injured but managed to turn their vehicle and return. The three jeeps behind them were hit and began to burn.

Under heavy, efficient, well targeted Jordanian gunfire aided by flares they shot throughout the battle from 81 mm mortars, the Israeli commando extraction-rescue teams began their task. Captain Yaacov Eilam z”l led the first unit. For his exceptional bravery and dedication in extracting the wounded he was recommended for a medal of commendation.

For 90 minutes under relentless gunfire, Eliam and his soldiers successfully completed three rounds to their wounded friends dragging them back to a safety zone. Eilam reported there were three severely injured soldiers remaining on the bridge. An attempt to bring a tank to silence the Jordanian posts on the old city walls was delayed due to topographical difficulties. After two hours, Eilam and two commando soldiers reached the wounded by removing their protective vests, holding on to the side rails of the bridge and sliding themselves forward. After reaching the wounded, the two soldiers were also hit but made it back to the Israeli side. Eilam stayed with the three wounded on the bridge.

An Israeli machine gun was unable to destroy the Jordanian wall posts that were well fortified and well situated. The tank eventually made its way there but failed to hit the Jordanian posts and ran out of ammunition.

Eilam and the commando forces on the other side of the bridge communicated by yelling. On the forth hour of the battle he reported that the situation of the wounded was deteriorating and suggested the tank block the fire line between the Jordanian wall posts and the wounded so that maybe they could be saved. The tank almost reached the spot before it was hit and began to burn – it's three soldiers able to run to safety. The heat around the burning tanks caused its ammunition to explode and the fire light helped the Jordanians aim at the wounded on the bridge.

By the time the ammunition stopped exploding – there was no sound from Eilam. Another attempt under heavy Jordanian gunfire to reach the bridge through the valley failed.

Eilam stood out in his dedication to reach the wounded soldiers at any cost. He died with them. Despite the grave danger to himself he stayed, providing comfort and encouragement while also communicating with the forces. He could have probably saved himself but was loyal to the sacred paratrooper principle that wounded are never left in the battlefield.

(From “Haaretz” newspaper)

[Page 580]

David Konitspoler z“l

Passed away in the Israeli city of Holon on Nov. 2, 1967

by Yehuda L.

Translated by Hadas Eyal

David and Leah Konitspoler testifying in a Tel-Aviv
magistrates court hearing before an investigative
tribunal from Lindenberg Germany in 1966

David Konitspoler – a dear loyal friend – among the first to step up to fulfill the idea of publishing this yizkor book and among its most significant multitasking contributors to completion – passed away just as this final edition was headed for printing, just short of the finish line of this holy public project to which he dedicated his last years.

He walked amongst us as a community elder, a physical and psychological remnant of our community's Shoah and destruction. In past times, when Radomsk flourished, Konitspoler was a central figure in its political, Zionist and public arenas. His name and legacy are mentioned throughout this book.

David Konitspoler was born in Radomsk in 1896 to his parents Hana and Shlomo Ben-Tsadok Konitspoler, a labor-working family in town. His father was one of the 12 members (as the number of tribes of Israel) of the Mishmeret Kodesh Society founded by reb Zvi-Meir Hacohen Rabinovitch for the purpose of building the largest synagogue in Radomsk and maintaining it. As a child in this environment, David absorbed the Chasidic tradition and principles of Judaism. But once he matured and interacted with other town youth he was exposed to ideals of human equality and socialistic progress towards which the Jewish youth gravitated under Czarist Russia and conquered Poland before the First World War.

From then on, David sought the youth activities that centered around the socialist-nationalist doctrine of Borochov and Sirkin who advocated a synthesis between these ideals and the national liberation of the Jewish people from oppression and discrimination; implemented by gathering in the land of Israel.

On the brink of WWI and during its early years this political activity was illegal. To disguise it, Jewish activists formed the Jewish cultural organization “Cultura”. David Konitspoler was one of its founders and activists. When the Austrian conqueror loosened the leash a bit in 1916 and political organizations were more free to assemble, a legal branch of the Poalei-Zion party was opened and led by David Konitspoler. Ideological arguments swiftly turned into a central political-public group that worked to alleviate the severe food shortage and financial distress that hit the Jewish population of our town in the transition period of 1917-1920.

In 1920 Konitspoler moved to neighboring Częstochowa and became involved in the social-public life there. Although a “stranger” in Częstochowa and despite the many local activists there, he quickly rose up the ladder. He was elected to the community committee and became a central figure among the Jewish residents. With his wife Leah he built an exemplary Jewish home that was later destroyed with the extermination of all Beit Israel, but the two were saved from devastation thanks to his carpentry workshop that provided services to high-rank German police officers during the Holocaust.

Throughout his years in Częstochowa, including the Holocaust, he maintained close contact with family and friends in his home town Radomsk. He visited frequently and returned after WWII to search for survivors and participate in a memorial to the sacred victims in 1947 which was attended by only 10 survivors.

In 1949 David and Leah Konitspoler made Aliya and settled in the city of Holon. He was grateful to have found work in his profession as a carpenter at the socialist labor union “Solel-Bone” public works and building company where he swiftly earned a good reputation as a person and professional.

David also joined the organization of Radomskers. As mentioned, he was a central force in the production of this yizkor-book. His dedication to the cause became literally addictive in the same way that his engrained energy and loyalty characterized his long path of public service. He often said that our yizkor-book was a form of release from the abundance of memories he carries from his place of birth-childhood-adolescence-adulthood and as a way to redeem the debt he felt towards the people of Radomsk, the annihilation of whom he witnessed firsthand.

Another form of temporary relief from the horrific memories were his shocking witness testimonies before German tribunals prosecuting Nazi police officers for the hideous murderers they committed in the Częstochowa ghetto. In August 1958 he travelled to Germany to testify and in February 1964 a German tribunal convened in a Tel Aviv court to specifically collect his testimony because he was too ill at that time to travel to Germany.

Despite his deteriorating health, David Konitspoler did not rest when there was work to be done on the Yizkor book. His contribution is evident in almost all its sections. He wrote many pages of his memories about Radomsk during the first world war (pg. 135); the eternal flame in the Big Synagogue (159); Poalei-Zion Party (202); the action for the Keren Kayemet (211); the Jewish community (229); education and cultural activities (251); the “Cultura” organization (259); the orphanage (270); the Radomski Society in the United States (499); history of the Radomsker Aliyot and how they settled in Israel (527); and he organized the name index (585-600). Thirty texts appear under his name in this index. Numerous others are signed D. K. or with pseudonyms.

David's enormous contribution to this book is mentioned in a short bland sentence at the beginning of the book because the words were written and printed when he was still alive and we respected his humbleness. But it should be said loud and clear: his contribution turned this book into a truly historical compilation of documentary importance and public interest.

In his last letter to me in Yiddish (he wrote all his material for this book in Yiddish) he said: “When we will be blessed to see this book printed and bound, it will be our reward for years of effort, health and time devoted to this historical enterprise. May we be blessed to reach the moment when we open the first book and shed a first tear in memory of our sacred beloved.”

He did not reach this longed for moment, but his yearning tear joined all of our tears and his soul is bound with all the beloved souls of the sacred people of Radomsk.

[Pages 581 - 584]

Index of the Photographs
Translated by Merav Schejtman

Page Number Photograph
12 Haim Goldberg
14 Map of Radomsko and Environs
Part 1 – History
20 The City Market
21 The City's Main Street – Reymonta (Kaliska)
26 Rabbi Yisroel Pinkhas Hacohen Rabinowicz
30 The Vicinity of Radomsk (The River Warta)
35 The Dayan (rabbinical judge) Mr.Yisroel Zelwer
36 Butcher Reb Noakh Rubinsztajn
36 Butcher Reb Yehezkeil Poznanski
41 City Hall and Catholic Church
58 Rebbe Shlomoh Hanokh Hakohan. The last Admor (Hasidic leader) of the Radomsker lineage on a walk with his acquaintances in Marinbad
63 The Khazan (Cantor) Reb Shlomoh Zaks
63 Mr. Leibel Shamos
65 The Author H.D. Nomberg and His Three Sons
68 The Train Station
Part 2 – Rezin Drezin (Mystery of Mysteries)/The Secret of Hasidism
77 The Seal of the Head of the Jewish Court Shlomoh Hakohan Rabinowicz
85 Dr. Rabbi Haim-Dovid Bernard
93 Rabbi Shlomoh Henekh Hakohan Rabinowicz (The picture is written into the text of the Song of Songs.)
108 The "Ohel" (tomb) of the Radomsko Rebbes
120 Reb Yakov-Dovid Wajntraub
Part 3 – The Days Past
130 The "Sport Wodny"
131 Abraham-Leizer Gliksman
137 The Jews of Radomsko who were abducted for forced labor by the Germans in 1915.
138 A company of German-Austrian soldiers eating in the Radomsko market during WWI
Part 4 – Way of Life
142 Yisroelka Hamer and Dovid Krojze (Modern Hasids)
143 The JNF (Jewish National Fund) Committee in 1926
145 The Author Sarah Hamer-Jacklin
156 Leibele the Water Carrier and his wife
157 "Damski"
159 The Great Synagogue committee 1930
160 The remains of the Great Synagogue after the destruction
Part 5 – Economy and Finance
164 The Thonet Bros. Furniture factory.
166 Distribution of clothing to children of the poor
169 The Needleworkers Association
170 The Committee of the Leatherworkers Association.
Part 6 – Political and Social Life
174 Celebrations in honor of the Balfour Declaration (1917)
179 Members of Zeiri Zion (Zion Youth) 1919
180 The Z.S.P chapter committee "Zionist Youth" 1925
181 The first committee of the united party "Poalei Zion" "Z.S." (Workers of Zion, Socialist Zionists)
182 Members of Poalei Zion, Z.S. with A.Sh. Uris 1930
182 The P.Z. Z.S. Chapter committee with A. Bialopolski
183 Members of the P.Z.Z.S. committee with comrades L. Levin (Lodz) and Y. Rabinowicz (Slonim)
184 The teaching staff at the Mizrakhi school 1919
185 The first "Mizrakhi Youth"
185 A group members of the "Mizrakhi Youth" 1933
187 "The Foursome" Some of the founders of "heHalutz" chapters and Z.S
187 The committee of the "heHalutz" organization.
188 The first photograph of "heHalutz" 1924
189 Members of "heHalutz" on Hachshara (training) in kibbutz Tel Avraham near Kamiensk
190 Farewell party for Yehudah Liberman on his departure for Hachshara (training) 1927
190 A "heHalutz" Hachshara group in Radomsko
190 Members of the Hachshara (training) during work at the Farbman sawmill.
191 Participants of the "HeHalutz" Hebrew courses 1928
192 A group of Hashomer Hatzair leaders.
193 The Hashomer Hatzair circle at the Wajntraub Gimnazie
193 Children perform at the JNF bazaar celebration.
194 Near stand no.3 at the bazaar in 1933
195 Members of "heHalutz" chapter with members of the Hachshara.
195 Members of the "Hapoel" band with friends from the Hachshara
196 Members of "Mizrakhi Youth" and "Hashomer HaDati" (The religious "guard")
197 Members of the "Bruria" Organization. 1933
199 Agudas-Yisroel girls' summer camp
201 The "Zion Youth" committee during festivities in honor of the Balfour Declaration.1917
201 The "Fareinikte" committee 1919
206 The "Poalei Zion" chapter council 1919
207 Members of the "Ovent Korsn" (evening courses) of Left Poalei Zion.
208 The committee of Left Poalei Zion party.
209 The Bund committee 1921
210 Members of the "Histadrut"
210 Members of "Gordonia"
211 The JNF committee 1926
212 JNF activists after "Flower Day" in town
213 The JNF youth brigade 1930
213 Convention of JNF activists in Kamiensk
214 A farewell party of JNF activists for Yehudah Liberman on his making aliyah May 1933
216 A group of Agudas Yisroel girls
217 Members of "HaNoar HaZioni" 1933 (Zionist Youth)
218 A company of Hashomer Hatzair 1921
218 A group of Hashomer Hatzair leaders 1928
219 Members of the Freiheit youth council committee
220 A "Freiheit" get together dedicated to action for JNF Kamiensk
220 Members of "Freiheit" going on Hachshara (training)
221 Members of "Freiheit" and "heHalutz" saying goodbye to Yakov Shmuel Moskowicz on his making aliyah 1931
223 The Z.T.K. association
Part 7 – Public Institutions and Welfare
227 The "Linat Zedek" (Righteous Sleep) committee
230 The community house
231 The community committee delegation (headed by the rabbi) on the Polish holiday of May 3rd.
232 City Hall
233 A summer colony for Jewish children sponsored by the city. 1930
234 The Jewish committee for the Polish Air Force 1939
240 The "Beis Lechem" society committee
Part 8 – Culture and Education
245 Mrs. L. Wajntraub the founder of the Hebrew Gimnazie (High School)
245 Gimnazie alumni 1932
246 The last class of the Gimnazie 1939
247 The Sholom Aleichem Library committee and activists. 1926
247 The library stand at the JNF bazaar1934
249 A department of the Berek Yoselewicz Elementary School
249 The A.N. Mickewicz Jewish Children's Public Elementary School.
250 A group of women affiliated with "HaKoakh", during a sports class.
250 "HaKoakh" Radomsko versus "HaPoel" Tel Aviv September 12th 1934
251 The first elementary school 1908
251 Teachers and students of the girls Gimnazye (high school) 1914
252 Teachers and students of the Jewish Children's Public Elementary School 1918
253 The 7th grade students of the Public Elementary School 1931/32
253 The first Hebrew day school 1918
254 At the end of the clothing project for the "Talmud Torah" Children.
257 The " HaPoel" band 1933
258 A group from the founders of "Hazamir" organization (singing group)
260 The culture organization committee "Kultura"
268 The "Makkabi" Soccer team
268 The "Kraft" Sport Organization 1931
269 The "HaPoel" motorcycle team
269 The "HaPoel" soccer team
269 "HaPoel" Tel Aviv in Radomsko 1934
270 The Warsaw motorcycle team on its way to Eretz Yisroel (Palestine)
270 The Dr. Mitelman Orphanage committee members. 1920
271 The committee and pupils of the orphanage
272 H.D. Nomberg (as an author)
274 H.D. Nomberg (as a pious youth)
276 Dovid Kalai (Gold)
277 "Hashomer" organization 1917
278 The Dovid Kalai High School in Givataim (Israel)
280 Khanina-Yosef Kuszicki
283 Prof. Yitzhak Zaks
284 The composer and conductor Yitzhak Zaks and friends
285 The painter Natan Szpigel during an exhibition of his work in Radomsko
285 A painting by Natan Szpigel that survived the Nazis
287 A.B. Cerata
288 H. Leivik (with his parents)
Part 9 – Holocaust and Vengeance
301 Miriam Caszewski
308 During a wedding that was held in the ghetto on Lag Ba'omer 1940
310 The ghetto hospital orderly crew with Dr. Sh. Hampel
311 Children and adults receiving typhoid vaccines
316 An ID (with the Jude stamp) taken out at Radomsko
321 A children's ghetto class.
348 During the Bloody Tuesday Aktsia
352 Two guards near the entrance to the ghetto
357 A theater play in the ghetto 1943
359 The Umschlagplatz on Mickiewicza St.
364 The old cemetery
375 The three Sabatowski brothers
376 The "Arian"- Halina Forisz
377 Hershel Grynspan
380 Manjek Rayngiewerc
381 Mendel Fiszlewicz
383 Tuvia Borzykowski
384 The "Grunwald Cross" (3rd class) given to Tuvia Borzykowski by the president of Poland.
387 The tomb of Borzyikowski in Kibbutz Lochamei HaGetaot
388 Rozia Shapira – Bruz Tito's partisan
Part 10 – Survivors' Tales
391 The Radomsk Jewish Committee 1945
392 Some of the survivors near the mass grave
393 The tomb of Shmuel Rozensztein in the town of Torci in the USSR
394 Some of the Radomsk survivors near the "Radomsk" monument in Treblinka
395 A memorial service in Landsberg (Germany) 1946 for the Radomsk martyrs.
397 The obituaries and funeral of Yakov Cukerman and Yosef Krojze, who were murdered by Polish rioters after the war.
397 Polya Strawinski's funeral. She was murdered in Lodz during a Zionist convention.
413 Exhumation of martyrs in 1947
414 Exhumation of martyrs in 1947
415 View of the Radomsk cemetery in1960 (with remnants)
416 The memorial on Mount Zion (Jerusalem) for the Radomsk Martyrs
Part 11 – Images and Portraits
429 The Kanowski Family
430 The Berl Ofman Family
430 The Shimon Ofman Family
431 The Ajchner Family
431 The Goldberg Bros. (Zelig, Shmuel, Yekhezkeil)
432 Mrs. Borzykowski (Tuvya's mother)
432 Czesha Gitler
432 Shlomoh, Yitzhak and Temer Epsztein
433 The Eli Grundman Family
434 The Shmuel Goldberg Family
434 Zeinwel and Perl Goldberg
435 The Ahron Dudkewicz Family
435 Haim-Shmuel Hamer
435 The Abraham-Shlomoh Hampel Family
436 The Wajnman Family
436 The Abraham Wilhelm Family
437 Leibel Zylberberg
437 The Zelkowicz Family
438 The Yustman Family
438 Haim-Dovid Judkowicz
439 The Mordekhai Lutkewicz Family
439 The Haim Jakubowicz Family
440 The Reuven Liberman Family
441 The Dovid Noakh Likhtensztein Family
441 The Dovid-Meir Liberman Family
441 The Markowicz Family
441 The Emanuel Moszkowicz Family
442 The Najkron Family
442 The Icze Slawiak Family
443 Yitzhak Pacanowski
443 The Nakhum Pacanowski Family
443 The Shmaiahu Przyrowski Family
444 The Yitzhak Fajerman Family
444 The Dovid Fajerman Family
445 The Hershel Pinkowicz Family
445 The Haim Szwarc Family
445 The Alter Bril Family
446 Shmuel and Leah Pariz
446 The Abraham-Moishe Kaselman Family
447 Czalel and Miriam Kalka
447 The Yankel Karapka Family
447 Berl Krzepiski
448 The Yakov-Reuven Rozenblat Family
448 The Moishe-Dovid Sztejn Family
449 Yitzhak Rubin
449 The Rikman Family
450 The Szwarc Family
451 The Yekutiel and Esther Okrent Family
451 The Kirszenzweig Family
451 The Hershel Fakhter Family
452 The Yakov Rozenbaum Family
452 Yakov and Frimat Hartman
453 Moishe-Shmuel Gryn
453 Yekhezkeil Skornicki
454 The Mendel and Zusman Epsztein Family
455 Dr. Yakov Aronowicz
456 Yosef Behm
456 Prof. Israel Bromberg
457 Moishe Berger
457 Haim Hartman
458 Mikhal Waksman
459 Ludwig Wajnberg
459 Meir Wolkowicz
460 Yakov Witenberg
460 Dovid Karczewski
461 Moishe Lewkowicz
462 Dr. Y. Mitelman
463 Reuven Najkron
464 Gita Najkron
464 Engineer Y. Poliboda
465 Mendel Fajnsilber
465 Dora Rozenbaum
466 Mendele Taumim-Frenkl
470 Mendel Lachman
472 Yitzhak Urbach
472 Abraham-Binem Ajzen
473 Eli Elibarde
474 Nakhman Gold
474 Avner Gurfinkl
475 Yakov-Shmuel Haze
476 Abraham-Moshe Waksman
476 Yakov Liberman
477 Shmuel Najman
477 Fishel Paris
478 Arya Cipler
479 Simkhah Kalka
479 Dovid-Meir Kornberg
479 Hershel Krojze
480 Mordekhai-Zelig Rozenblat
481 Mordekhai-Aron Reicher
481 Wolf Szapira
481 Zoken Szreiber
482 The drama class of Poalei Zion Left
Part 12 – Radomsk Environs
485 The Rabbi of Plawno
489 The synagogue at Przedborz
492 The flour mill near Kamiensk
Part 13 – Radomskers Around the World
499 Dovid Koniecpoler
500 Aron Gliksman, Shlomoh Grynberg, Wolf Dikerman
501 The organizing committee in 1916 in New York
502 Radomsker immigrants of the 1920s
503 P. Flakowicz and Harry Fiszman
504 The memorial pillar for the Radomskers killed in WWII
506 The executives of the Relief-Help Committee 1949
506 The active workers of the women's section of the New York society
507 The organizing committee at the 50th Jubilee (1949)
508 Drinking L'Chaim in Y. Pacanowski's house in honor of the laying of the cornerstone for the houses in Holon named after Sol Greenberg
509 During the celebration of the 60th Jubilee of the Society (1958)
510 Photocopy of an invitation to the 5th anniversary of the liquidation of the Radomsker Ghetto
511 Yekhezkeil Pacanowski
512 Shlomoh (Sol) Grinberg
513 Max Szapira
514 Shlomoh Epsztajn
515 Moishe (Morris) Schwartz
516 Pinya Kalka
517 Hershel Epsztajn
517 Sarah Birencwajg
518 The Nowo-Radomsker "Relief" in Los Angeles (1948)
518 Nowo-Radomsker landsleit in Los Angeles 1961
519 Israel Merkin
519 Shlomoh Feldberg
520 Radomsker landsleit in Buenos Aires
521 Berl Dudkewicz
522 The monument in Paris in memory of the martyrs in Radomsk
523 Yokheved and Abraham-Elie Dudkewicz
523 B. Dudkewicz carrying an box of ashes from Auschwitz
524 A group of Radomskers in Melbourne
Part 14 – Radomskers in Israel
529 The Rabbi Yekheill Landau Synagogue in Zfat/Safed
530 Kopel Shamas's son and Jakubowicz
531 The first group of Radomskers to arrive in Palestine/ Eretz Yisrael in 1920
531 The settlers of Kfar Hasidim after the first day's work
532 A group of Radomskers who made aliyah in 1925
533 The laying of the cornerstone for the Yitzhak Fajerman house in the heart of Tel Aviv
533 Packing packages to send to Radomskers in Europe (1945)
535 Haim Goldberg speaking at the laying of the corner stone for the Holon Houses.
537 The organization's committee in 1963
542 Yitzhak Grosman as a Shomer (guard)
543 Radomskers on their way to Palestine /Eretz Yisroel for aliyah, in Vienna 1919
543 Tourists from Radomsk on Mount Carmel 1924
544 Radomskers in Neveh Tzedek (Tel Aviv) 1923
544 Radomsker construction workers in the 1920s.
547 B. Kugel signing the foundation charter for the Olim Houses in Holon
549 4 pictures of Radomskers in Israel at various periods.
551 Tuvia Borszykowski
552 Reb Yakov Mordekhai Gold
552 Haim Goldberg
555 Chaim and Tovah-Henia Gitler
555 Chaim and Chaia-Rivkah Grossman
556 Yosef Haze
556 Israel and Rachel Wizentowski
557 Sara Zylberman-Davner
558 Shoshana Yemini
558 Esther and Dovid Nomberg
559 Yakov and Rachel Sofer
559 Reb Tuvia Kalka
560 Henekh Kalka, Sarah Kalka
561 Dovid Kroize
562 Shlomoh Krakowski
562 Yehoshua-Eliezer Rabinowicz
563 Tuvia, Sara and Rokhma Rubinsztajn
563 Moishe Fiszlewicz
564 Dov-Berl Rozensztajn
564 Meir and Esther-Rivah Minski
566 Aharon Bialystok
567 Arieh Gelbard
568 Yosef Waldfojgel
569 Yakov Zlotnik (Zehavi)
570 Zvi Zeira
571 Moishe Tandowski, David Minc
572 Yakov Nonberg
574 Shlomoh Rabinowicz, Menakhem Rubinsztajn
575 Dov Rozenblat
576 3 pictures in memoriam for the boys who have fallen in battle; Zvi Zeira, Yakov Nonberg, Menakhem Rubinsztajn
Part 15 – Supplemental Material
578 Reb. Yitzhak Shmuel Rozenblat
579 Captain Yakov Eilam (Buchman)
580 David Koniecpoler and his wife Leah
600 The last photograph. May 1967

[Page 604]

Hear this ye old men,
And give an ear, all ye inhabitants of the land.
Hath this been in your days, or in the days of your father?
Tell ye your children of it,
And let your children tell their children.
And their children another generation.

(Joel 1[2-3])

And I will show wonders in the heavens
and in the earth,
Blood and fire and pillars of smoke.
The sun will be turned to darkness,
And the moon into blood,
Before the great and terrible day of the Lord come.
And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be delivered;
For in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there shall be those that escape,
As the Lord hath said,
And among the remnant those whom the Lord shall call.

(Joel 3 [3-5])

The last photograph of May 1967
The ohel (structure over the grave) of the Rabbis (right) on the Radomsk Besoylem (cemetery)

(Photographed by Radomsk Landsman Berl Dudkewicz of Paris, during his visit to Radomsk in May 1967,
after he had participated in the ceremony of the unveiling of the mausoleum
at the Auschwitz annihilation camp, where he was interned during the war.)


A holy community swept up in the turbulence of the Holocaust, annihilated and destroyed to the ground,
erased from the Book of the Living, ceased and is no more.

May their souls be bound up in the bond of eternal life.

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