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[Page 429]

Bibliography

[for the article – “Toldot” by Tzvi Livneh pg. 13]

Translated by Moshe Kutten

Edited by Yocheved Klausner

The material used by the author for writing the historical chapters was vast, and it was a pleasant duty to list the books and authors which were used by the author either significantly or just marginally:


[Page 430]

Dates in the History of the Jewish Agricultural Settlement

Translated by Moshe Kutten

Edited by Yocheved Klausner

1789   The beginning of the “Pale of Settlement” in Russia
1800   Derzhavin's memorandum which included the proposal for Jewish settlement in Novo-Russia
1804   The “Law for Remedying the State of the Jews” and the decree about the expulsion of Jews from the villages
1807   The establishment of the colonies: Bobrovy-Kut, Izraelovka, Sdeh-Menukha, and Dobroye
1827   The decree of the “Kantonists” – the compulsory military service of Jewish boys
1835   The establishment of the Jewish settlements in Bessarabia
1837   The failed program of Jewish settlement in Siberia
1849   The establishment of the colonies in the province of Ekaterinoslav: Novo-Zlatopol, Veselaya, Krasnoselka, Mezherich, Trudolyubovka, Nechaevaka
1870   The establishment of Mikve Israel by Karl Neter
1877   The establishment of Petakh Tikva
1881   “The Negev Storms” – the wave of pogroms in Southern Russia. The beginning of the immigration to America
1882   The “BILU Aliyah” and the establishment of the “Am Olam” movement
1889   The beginning of the Jewish settlement in Argentina
1891   The beginning of the activity of the J.C.A. organization in Argentina
1914   The establishment of the JOINT in the U.S. to help the victims of the war
1918   The establishment the Yevsektzia in the Soviet Union
  The beginning of the “Third Aliyah”, and the establishment of “he'Khalutz” in Russia
1924   The establishment of the “KOMZET” and “OZET” in the Soviet Union
  The peak in the momentum in the renewal of Jewish settlement
1928   The beginning of the [Jewish] settlement in Birobidzhan
  The elimination of “he'Khaluz” and its “hakhshara” [training] camps
1934   The declaration of Birobidzhan as an autonomous Jewish district
1941   The annihilation of the Jewish colonies at the beginning of the Nazi's conquest

 

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