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[Page 75]

We Remember

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Introduction translated by Shalom Bronstein

We remember our brothers and sisters who were murdered, may God avenge their blood, the holy martyrs of Dubiecko and its surrounding towns; the young and elderly, its men, women and infants, who were tortured to death by the greatest enemies of the Jewish people of all times and who were not even given a Jewish burial.

We remember all the Jews of our town and the surrounding area along with all the holy martyrs of the House of Israel in Poland and Europe, their vibrant lives, their multi-faceted activities, their scholars and artists, merchants and intellectuals who sustained the glow of Jewish life in exile and who raised Zion above their highest joys.

This book will be for them an everlasting memorial, an eternal tombstone on their unmarked graves, a remembrance to the end of time.

These are the names of the holy ones of Dubiecko and its surrounding towns who were murdered and slaughtered during World War II, listed alphabetically.

 

The Names of the Martyrs of Dubiecko and the Surrounding Area

Translated by Judy Petersen

Surname Given name Remarks Page
ADAM Yekal and his wife 75
ADAM Bluma daughter of Yekal ADAM and his wife 75
ADAM Frida daughter of Yekal ADAM and his wife 75
ADAM Achel daughter of Yekal ADAM and his wife 75
ADAM Feiga 75
ADAM Wel'che and his wife 75
ADAM Moshe 75
ADAM Yosef-Leib 75
ADAM Yoel 75
UNGAR Avigdor wife and their three children 75
UNGAR Leah 75
APEL Meir-Hirsch and his wife 75
INTRATOR Zelig 75
INTRATOR Scheindel wife of Zelig INTRATOR 75
INTRATOR (male) son of Zelig and Scheindel INTRATOR 75
INTRATOR Yosef 75
INTRATOR Merl wife of Yosef INTRATOR 75
INTRATOR Shifra 75
INTRATOR Chaya 76
INTRATOR Yakov wife and their two children 76
EICHNER Wolf 76
EICHNER Sarah wife of Wolf EICHNER 76
EICHNER Iris daughter of Wolf and Sarah EICHNER 76
EICHNER Golda daughter of Wolf and Sarah EICHNER 76
EICHNER Yeshaya son of Wolf and Sarah EICHNER 76
AMSTER Bentzion listed with Mindel AMSTER 76
AMSTER Mindel listed with Bentzion AMSTER 76
EMES Berish wife and their three children 76
EIGLER Tzvi 76
EIGLER Sarah wife of Tzvi EIGLER 76
EIGLER (male) child of Tzvi and Sarah EIGLER 76
ANFANG Baruch-Eli wife and five children 76
ANFANG Boshe mother of Baruch-Eli 76
ANFANG Sarah 76
ANFANG Rivka 76
ANFANG Moshe 76
ANFANG Mordechai 76
APEL David wife and their three children 76
APT Leibish and his four children 76
APT Mali wife of Leibish APEL and their four children 76
APT Mishel wife and two children 76
APT Meir 76
BATRAN Reuven wife and one child 76
BATRAN Petel (7 children mentioned; 6 listed) 76
BATRAN Maya daughter of Petel BATRAN 76
BATRAN Yoel son of Petel BATRAN 76
BATRAN Shalom son of Petel BATRAN 76
BATRAN Yitzchak son of Petel BATRAN 76
BATRAN Bracha daughter of Petel BATRAN 76
BATRAN Miriam daughter of Petel BATRAN 76
BATRAN 76
BEZEM Yehoshua wife and their two children 76
BEITEL Binyamin and his three children 76
BEITEL Devorah wife of Binyamin BEITEL, and their three children 76
BEILES Shmuel wife and their two children 76
BUK Shmuel and his wife 76
BRONER David-Berl and his two children 76
BRONER Tova wife of David-Berl BRONER and their two children 76
BROF Mechel and his two children 76
BROF Ita wife of Mechel BROF, and their two children 76
BARUCH Bentzion his wife and one child 76
BARUCH Shalom 76
BARUCH Yitzchak-Yehuda 76
BARUCH Rakhel-Leah (Leichi) 76
BARUCH Shimon listed with Leah BARUCH 76
BARUCH Leah listed with Shimon BARUCH 76
BARUCH Esther-Malka and one child 76
BARUCH Yehoshua 76
BLEICHFELD Shamai his wife and three children 76
BARUCH Lieba 76
BARUCH Yehoshua son of Lieba BARUCH 76
BLEICHFELD Yisrael his wife and their four children 76
BAK Esther and her two children 76
BAK Shlomo and his wife 76
BAK Leib and his wife 76
BAK Bunes and his wife 76
BAK (male) murdered on the Fast of Gedalia. Father - Leib. 76
BERNSTEIN Moshe Father - Leib. 76
BERNSTEIN Shimshon 76
GRODZEBSKA (male) and his two children 76
GRINBAUM Breindel and her two children 76
GRINBAUM Chaim-Yitzchak his wife and their two children 76
GRINBAUM Meir his wife and their two children 76
GRINBAUM Shmuel 76
GRINBAUM Pinchas his wife and their two children 76
GOLGSTAUB (male) Dr.; and his wife and their two children 77
GRAPEL Hertzel and his two children 77
GRAPEL Charna wife of Hertzel GRAPEL and their two children 77
GROMET (female) and her two children. Father - David. 77
DOMB Simcha his wife and their two children 77
DORMBUSH Chaim his wife and their two children 77
DORMBUSH (female) and her son. Father - Yosef. 77
DORMBUSH (male) lived in Dinov. Father - Yosef. 77
DOMB Aharon his wife and their four children 77
HOFMAN David and his two children 77
HOFMAN Sarah wife of David HOFMAN, and their two children 77
HOCH Moshe and his two children 77
HOCH Sarah wife of Moshe HOCH, and their two children 77
HOCH Mordechai and his wife and their two children 77
HOCH Eliezer listed with Iris HOCH 77
HOCH Iris listed with Eliezer HOCH 77
HOLTZ (male) Dr.; and his wife and one child 77
HASMAN (male) Dr.; single, physician 77
HAMER (female) wife of Mas, and child 77
HAMER Eli and his wife 77
HALPERIN Tzvi and his wife 77
HAMAN Moni (son-in-law), and one child 77
HAMAN Esther listed with Moni HAMAN; and one child 77
HERBSMAN Shamai his wife and one child 77
HERBSMAN Yakov his wife and one child 77
HARFENIST Mordechai his wife and their four children 77
VIFLIK Scheindel-Mali 77
VISHNER Moshe his wife and their six children 77
WOLF Wolf 77
WEISMAN 77
WELT Mendel his wife and their four children 77
VASERSTEIN Avi his wife and one child 77
VINTER Avraham and his nine children 77
VINTER Leah wife of Avraham VINTER, and their nine children 77
WOLF (female) her husband and their two children. Father - Meir. 77
VANBERGER Leah 77
ZILBERMAN Yerucham and his wife and their two children 77
ZUTWEIN Yosef and his wife and their four children 77
ZUTWEIN (female) her husband and their two children. Father - Yosef. 77
TROBOVITZ Rivka dentist 77
TISER Menye and his wife 77
TISER Simcha and his wife and their three children 77
JAWORNIKIER Rafael 77
JAWORNIKIER Channah wife of Rafael JAWORNIKIER 77
JAWORNIKIER Moshe 77
JAWORNIKIER Yonah 77
JAWORNIKIER Eizik 77
JAWORNIKIER Genendel 77
JAWORNIKIER Mendel and his wife and child 77
JAWORNIKIER Esther wife of Yehoshua 77
JAWORNIKIER Yisrael 77
JAWORNIKIER Necha 78
YEMER Pinchas his wife and one child 78
JAWORNIKIER Sarah and her daughter. Father - Shmuel Nechemia. 78
JAWORNIKIER Motel husband of Sarah JAWORNIKIER and their daughter 78
LUSTIG Eliahu his wife and one child 78
LERNER Mendel and his wife 78
LERNER Melech 78
LEFLER 78
Meir Ber and his daughter 78
MARCH Rafael and his wife and their three children 78
MARCH Aharon and his wife and their three children 78
MARCH Moshe and his wife and their two children 78
MARCH Yudel and his wife and their four children 78
MARCH Pesach and his wife and one child 78
MARCH 78
MARCH Tzvi and his wife 78
MARCH Pessi sister of Tzvi 78
MELLER Yakov and his two children 78
MELLER Tzali wife of Yakov MELLER and their two children 78
MELBER Beni listed with Yitzchak MELBER, and his four children 78
MELBER Yitzchak listed with Beni MELBER, and his four children 78
MELMER Herman and his wife and one child 78
MELLER Mendel and his wife and their two children 78
MELLER Yehudit 78
MUND Simcha and his wife 78
MARSHLEK Moshe (Moshik), and his wife. Son of a pharmacist. 78
SAFAR Hersch and his wife 78
TILIK Elimelech and his wife and their four children 78
PELTZ Moshe 78
PELTZ Golda maiden name MELBER 78
PELTZ Yeshayahu-Chaim 78
FLEM Shmuel-Aharon Rabbi and his wife; Rabbi from Dobeitzek 78
FIRST Yakov and his three children 78
FIRST Chaya wife of Yakov FIRST and their three children 78
FEITZBITZ Yosef and his three children 78
FEITZBITZ Bracha wife of Yosef FEITZBITZ and their three children 78
FAJT Leizer and his three children 78
FAJT Chaya wife of Leizer FAJT and their three children 78
FRIDMAN Pinchas 78
[FRIDMAN] (female) Father - Pinchas 78
[FRIDMAN] Itche husband of the daughter of Pinchas FRIDMAN, and their child 78
PELZENSTEIN Lipa and his two children 78
PELZENSTEIN Tzipora wife of Lipa PELZENSTEIN and their two children 78
FRANT Shmuel-Yakov and his five children 78
FRANT Breindel wife of Shmuel-Yakov FRANT and their five children 78
POLEN Moshe and his wife 78
POLEN Mordechai and his wife 78
FRIDMAN Yoshe and his wife and their two children 78
FRIDMAN Michael 78
FRIDMAN Shamai and his wife and one child 78
FRIDMAN Yakov-Itche 78
FRIDMAN Moshe and his wife and their two children (from outside of Dubeitzek) 78
FRIDMAN Zushe and his wife and their three children (from outside of Dubeitzek) 78
POLEN Sarah and her husband and their three children 78
FLAM (nickname) Mechel and his wife 79
PAS Yakov-Hertzl and his wife, daughter and son-in-law 79
FRANKEL Yoshe and his wife, from Yenodov 79
FRANT Itche 79
FRANT Yisrael and his wife, klezmerim 79
FRANT Eliezer and his wife 79
FEITZEVITZ Yosef-Chaim 79
TZEICHNER Shimon-Leib listed with Charna TZEICHNER, and child 79
TZEICHNER Charna listed with Shimon-Leib TZEICHNER, and child 79
TZEICHNER Patti 79
TZELLER Yakov and his wife and their four children 79
TZELLER Yoel and his wife 79
TZELLERKRAUT Shmuel-Meir and his wife and their three children 79
TZELLERKRAUT Leib-Yitzchak and his wife and their four children 79
TZELLERKRAUT Yehoshua and his wife and their two children 79
TZELLERKRAUT Nachman and his wife and their two children 79
Zelig and his wife and their two children 79
KESHER Avraham-Eli and his three children 79
KESHER Channah wife of Avraham-Eli KESHER, and their three children 79
KESHER Meir and his mother 79
KERESH Shaime and his wife 79
KESER Tzvi and his wife and two children 79
KUPERMAN Aryeh and two children 79
KUPERMAN Sima and two children 79
KORNFELD Yosef-Meir and his three children 79
KORNFELD Devorah wife of Yosef-Meir KORNFELD, and their three children 79
KORNFELD Moshe listed with Esther and Rana 79
KORNFELD Esther listed with Moshe and Rana 79
KORNFELD Rana listed with Moshe and Esther 79
KORNFELD Zlata and one child 79
KORNFELD Yehoshua-David listed with Ahel KORNFELD 79
KORNFELD Ahel listed with Yehoshua-David KORNFELD 79
KORNFELD Shimon listed with Feige Mindel KORNFELD 79
KORNFELD Feige-Mindel listed with Shimon KORNFELD 79
KORNFELD Yisrael listed with Shprintze KORNFELD 79
KORNFELD Shprintze listed with Yisrael KORNFELD 79
KORNFELD David 79
KLATER Bentzion and his wife and their two children 79
KLATER Mirel and one child 79
KANNER Tzvi listed with Fela, Pinchas and Linka 79
KANNER Fela listed with Tzvi, Pinchas and Linka 79
KANNER Pinchas listed with Tzvi, Fela and Linka 79
KANNER Linka listed with Tzvi, Fela and Pinchas 79
KANNER Shimon and his wife 79
KANNER Eizik and his wife and their four children 79
KANNER Avraham and his wife 79
KANNER Roza sister of Tzvi 79
KEIL Leah and her two children 79
KEIL Yehoshua and his wife 79
KUTSCHER Shmuel and his wife and their three children 79
KUTSCHER (male) and his wife and their two children 79
KNOLER Sarah and her two children 79
KLATER (nickname) Chaim and his wife, and son in law Leib (the bath attendant) and his wife. Father - Bentzion the bath attendant. 79
RUBINFELD Moshe and his wife and their three children 79
RUBINFELD Chaim-Hersch listed with Sarah RUBINFELD 79
RUBINFELD Sarah listed with Chaim-Hersch RUBINFELD 79
RUBINFELD Leibish 80
RUBINFELD Hersch 80
RUBINFELD Avraham-Yosef and his wife and their three children 80
RUBINFELD daughters. Father - Shimon 80
RUBINFELD Meir and his wife and their three children. Father - Shimshon 80
RUBINFELD (female) and her husband and their four children 80
RUBINFELD (female) wife of David and her two children 80
RUBINFELD Yosef and two children 80
RUBINFELD Esther and three children 80
RUBINFELD (female) sister of Esther, and her husband and two children 80
Henya maiden name JAWORNIKIER 80
Sarah daughter of Henya 80
Rivka daughter of Henya 80
ROTENBERG Tzvi and his wife and five children 80
RINGEL Berl and his wife and their three children 80
REICH Mendel and his wife and one child 80
REICH Yehoshua-Baruch and his wife and their three children 80
REICH mother of Mendel 80
REICH Yonah and his wife 80
REICH Shimshon and his wife and their two children 80
REICH mother of Yonah and Shimshon 80
RAPPS Avraham and his wife and their three children 80
RAPPS Gedalya and his wife 80
RAPPS Yehoshua listed with Feige RAPPS 80
RAPPS Feige listed with Yehoshua RAPPS 80
RAPPS Naftali listed with Zisel RAPPS 80
RAPPS Zisel listed with Naftali RAPPS 80
RAPPS Shmuel Father -Yehoshua 80
RAPPS Rakhel wife of Shmuel RAPPS 80
RAPPS Yisrael and his wife and their three children 80
RAPPS Shmuel and his wife and their three children 80
RAPPS Chaya and her two children 80
RAPPS Beile and her husband and their two children 80
RAPPS Yakov 80
RAPPS Zlata 80
RAPPAPORT Yisrael and three daughters 80
RAPPAPORT Achel listed with Yisrael RAPPAPORT, and three daughters 80
RAPPAPORT Nisan and his wife and their four children 80
SHAFER Eliezer and his three children. Son of the shochet 80
SHAFER Sarah wife of Eliezer, and their three children 80
SHTURM Yakov and his two children 80
SHTURM Moshe and one child 80
SHTURM Malka wife of Moshe SHTURM, and one child 80
SHTRIK Yehoshua his sister and her husband 80
SHTURMLAUFER (male) and his wife 80
SHTRAZLER Moshe and one child 80
SHTRAZLER Rivka wife of Moseh SHTRAZLER, and one child 80
SHTRAZLER Moshe-Viktor 80
SHTRAZLER Mania listed with Moshe-Viktor SHTRAZLER 80
SHTRAZLER Eliezer listed with Moshe-Viktor SHTRAZLER 80
SHTRAZLER Leibush 80
SHTRAZLER Esther wife of Leibush SHTRAZLER 80
SHTRAZLER Avigdor son of Leibush and Esther SHTRAZLER 80
SHTRAZLER Eliezer son of Leibush and Esther SHTRAZLER 80
SHTRAZLER Malka daughter of Leibush and Esther SHTRAZLER 80
SHTRAZLER Yisrael son of Leibush and Esther SHTRAZLER 80
SHTURM Chaim-Asher 80
SCHIMMEL Tzvi-Hersch and his wife and their two children 80
SCHIMMEL Melech and his wife and their two children 80
SCHIMMEL Sarah 80
SCHIMMEL Yehoshua 81
SCHIMMEL Achel wife of Yehoshua SCHIMMEL 81
SCHIMMEL Dzonya child of Yehoshua and Achel SCHIMMEL 81
SCHIMMEL Berl son of Yehoshua and Achel SCHIMMEL 81
SCHIMMEL Moshe and his wife and one child 81
SCHIMMEL Shaul and his wife 81
SCHIMMEL Yudel and one child 81
SCHIMMEL Chava 81
SCHIMMEL Shamai and his wife and their two children 81
SCHIMMEL Avraham and his wife 81
SCHIMMEL Yehuda Alika, and his sister 81
SCHIMMEL Yemel Shimon and two children, Chaim Eli and Kreindel 81
SCHIMMEL Yemel Shimon and his wife and one child 81
SCHIMMEL Yisrael and his wife and their four children 81
SCHIMMEL Tzvi and his wife and one child 81
SCHIMMEL Tzvi and his wife and their three children 81
SCHMALTZ Tzviya 81
SCHERTZ Shmuel-Leib and his wife 81
SCHERTZ Avraham and his wife 81
SHPINER Zindel and three children 81
SHPINER Mali wife of Zindel SHPINER, and their three children 81
SCHEINER Mendel and his wife and their two children 81
SCHNEIDER (male) Dr.; and his wife and their two children 81
SCHPECT Pessil and her two children 81
SCHICK Devorah and child 81
[SCHICK] son in law of Devorah SCHICK, his wife Chayaleh and son 81
[SCHICK] Chayale daughter of Devorah SCHICK, her husband and son 81
SHTEINFELD Shmuel and his wife and their two children 81
SHPALTI Tzvi and his wife and daughter in Ratzi 81
SHTEIN Yakov-Leizer and two daughters 81
Ghele and her husband and their five children; they lived next to Aharon KENNER. 81
KNOLLER Meir and his wife and their three children; had a textile store and lived opposite Yitzchak MELBER. 81
Chaya and Shmuel the "Kveptzerin" 81
Golda and her husband and children; they worked and lived in the mikvah. 81
BERNSTEIN (female) mother of Meir BERNSTEIN 81
BERNSTEIN (female) sister of Meir BERNSTEIN 81
(GREBINIS) two sisters and another sister, lived next to BERNSTEIN. 81
HOFFMAN Rivka and one child; living in Shilionitcha 82
HOFFMAN Avraham living in Shilionitcha 82
SCHMALTZ Eizik and three children; living in Shilionitcha 82
SCHMALTZ Ita wife of Eizik SCHMALTZ, and their three children; living in Shilionitcha 82
HEGGEL Mordechai and his family, daughter, her husband and their family, son-in-law Shmuel and his family; living in Hucisko 82
MAKOCHIS Efraim and family; living in Hucisko 82
MAKOCHIS Chaya wife of Efraim MAKOCHIS, and their family; living in Hucisko 82
MASH Scheindel and her famiily; living in Hucisko 82
GRINDEL Yakov and his family; living in Nienadowa 82
DICHT Efraim and his wife; living in Nienadowa 82
FINKEL Aharon and his wife; living in Nienadowa 82
SCHISTER Yakov and his family; living in Nienadowa 82
wife of Aherl'eh with her daughter; living in Nienadowa 82
PINPER Sarah and her family; living in Nienadowa 82
PAS Chaya and her family; living in Nienadowa 82
Hersch Ber and his family; living in Nienadowa 82
HERFNIST and his family; living in Kotchova 82
HERFNIST Leib and his family; living in Kotchova 82
Chaim David and his family; living in Kotchova 82
INTRATOR Shmuel and his family; living in Iskań 82
INTRATOR Yakov and his family; living in Iskań 82

 

[Pages 103-104]

In memoriam
(Written in English)

I, Pearl Lipson, was born in Dubiecko, Poland. My parents Hena and Jacob Rubinfeld had five children, four daughters and one son. The son, Hershel, was the youngest and passed away as a child of three before the war.

When the war broke out, Russia and Germany divided Poland between them with Dubiecko being on the dividing line, but under German control. The Germans gave the Jews a few hours to get out of the town and go to the Russian side. Father was originally from the Russian side, from a little town called Bircha and his parents, sisters and brothers with their families still lived there. Naturally, we went to them and stayed there until sometime in 1940.

One Friday evening the Russians went to every Jewish home, collected al the Jews and shipped us to Siberia via train. We went as far as Irkutsk by train, and from there we went by ship and river barges, then on foot (with whatever baggage we had left carried by donkeys) to a log cabin in the wilds of Tiga. The cabin consisted of a small entrance way leading to three small rooms, one for each family. The extreme cold necessitated the cabin being heated day and night, all that was available for heating was one wood–burning stove located in the entrance way.

Work was assigned to everyone, and father's task was to cut trees in the forest. He had to do this regardless of weather conditions. Not surprisingly, he suffered a heart attack as a result, and after months of suffering it was a miracle that he slowly recovered.

In 1941, we were permitted to leave the camp, so we left and travelled by barges again and, eventually found ourselves at the town called Vitim. The winter's approaching intolerable cold and the fact that Rivka, the second youngest sister, became very ill forced us to stay there through the entire winter. As it turned out, we were the only Jewish family in the place.

In 1942, the second sister, Sara, became ill and we took her to the hospital. After only a few days she passes away on Tevet 15. This, plus the fact that Rivka wasn't improving' made us to decide to travel to a place where we could be among other Jews, so in the summer we left and arrived at Kirensk, where we decided to stay because there were a few Russians, Jewish families living there.

It was now 1943, and the strain of family illnesses and problems proved too much for my mother. She became ill, was taken to the hospital where on 17 Tamuz, she passed away. During all of time father was working as a night watchman, which enabled him to look after the family during the day. One morning, after he returned from work, I went to the hospital to see my mother and to my horror I found her head covered. I removed the cover and found that she was dead. I ran home in a state of shock to tell my father what had happened.

Once again, circumstances forced us to leave and after three months of traveling we found ourselves in Samarkand. We put the youngest sister, Helen, in a children's home. At least she would have a better chance than the rest of us.

We stayed in Samarkand until the end of the war – about three years. As soon as the war ended, the Russians offered to return all the displace polish citizens to Poland. Occupants of children's' homes were to go first, and we decided to let Helen go since it was by no means certain that we would all get to follow, and we felt that at least one of us should have a better chance of life. As I turned out, we were repatriated shortly after Helen left.

As soon as we arrived back in Poland, we started to look for Helen. It was not yet safe for Jews to travel, so father and I decided that I should go and look for Helen, since he was instantly identifiable as a Jew. I went to Lodz and searched all those children's homes that contained returnees from the USSR. By sheer luck I met two friends of Helen who told me approximately where to look for her. Eventually, I found her and brought her back to father.

We traced relatives in Winnipeg, Canada – father's cousins, Moshe and Frieda Rubinfeld – who sent us papers to immigrate to Canada. We lived in Winnipeg until 1953, when we moved to Toronto. Father passed away on Adar 28, 1987.

 

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