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Translation of chapter
“Solka” from Volume II:

Geschichte der Juden in der Bukowina

Edited by: Hugo Gold

Written by: Arnold Krumholz, Jerusalem

Published in Tel Aviv, 1962

Translated by:

Isak Shteyn

Editorial assistant for translation: Bruce Reisch

This is a translation of the chapter “Solka” , Geschichte der Juden in der Bukowina
{History of the Jews in the Bukovina} Editor: Dr. Hugo Gold, written by Arnold Krumholz, Jerusalem,
Olamenu Publishers, Tel-Aviv, 1962 (German).

The idyllically located Solka, not far from the city of Radautz, was before and between the World Wars an acclaimed health-resort. People who needed a period of recovery, especially those suffering from lung ailments, who couldn't afford a stay in the renowned sanatoria in the Alps, came here during the summer months.

Most of the summer guests were Jews, and they found here a small, sympathetic Jewish community of approximately 200 families. The imposing Temple showed the willingness of the community members to make sacrifices; and the Hebrew school, one of the oldest in the province (director / teacher S. Schoener from Warsaw), proved that the Zionist idea had already taken root. The school-director believed that Hebrew should become the daily language of communication for the young generation; therefore he even translated the Austrian Hymn into Hebrew (before W.W.I). Rabbi Baruch Baseches ordered that, on the occasion of the Kaiser's birthday, the hymn be chanted in the Synagogue in Hebrew. The Rabbi and the Teacher were lavishly rewarded with a letter of thanks from the Kaiser's office in response to a report about the occasion.

Special merits for the Community administration and the development of the Zionist movement are due to Aron Presser, Joseph Kraemer, Markus Tuchfeld, J. Altmann, Mendl Hoenig, Sonnenfeld, Schimmel, Krumholz, Scharfstein and others.

The most renowned victims of the deportation to the death camps of Transnistria are: Dr. Ostfeld, and the lawyers Dr. Bernhard Altmann and Dr. Fraenkel.

Only a few Jews from Solka were able to save themselves, and most eventually found their homeland in Israel. Among them Arnold Krumholz, former Joint Distribution Committee secretary in Czernowitz (1928-36), later in Kishinev (1936-41), and after the war (1945) manager of the Social Security Service of the J.D.C. in Bukarest, where he dispensed help to all the needy from Transnistria and other Concentration Camps. He founded and organized Orphanages and Homes for the Elderly (orphanages in Dorna Vatra, Gurahumora, Suczawa, and Radautz). Mr. Krumholz now works (1958) as a currency controller of the Bank of Israel in Jerusalem. Other survivors include the medical Dr. B. Schneider, the dentist Paul Tuchfeld, Dr. Sabinian Kraemer who lives now in Zurich, Dr.Noe Rath in Solka and the pharmacist Leo Lessner.

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