Ukraine Yizkor Book
The Yizkor Book Akkerman and the Towns of its District was published in 1983 in Hebrew and contains 400 pages. Certain
sections of the book have already been translated however considerable portions of the book still remain to be translated. The link for this book appears online at Akkerman and the Towns of its District;
Memorial Book, ed. Nisan Amitai Stambul, Society of Emigrants from Akkerman and Vicinity, Tel-Aviv, 1983.
Jewish genealogists seeking to trace their roots in this town constitute the primary audience for the material. However, the material has the potential to be of
broader interest to scholars specializing in Jewish history and society in this region.
Jewish genealogists seeking to trace their roots in Akkerman constitute the primary audience for the material. However, the material has the potential to be of broader
appeal to scholars interested in Jewish history and culture in this region.
Yizkor books are unique sources of information on once vibrant towns, primarily in Central and Eastern Europe, whose Jewish populations were destroyed in the Holocaust.
Written after World War II by émigrés and Holocaust survivors, Yizkor Books contain narratives of the history of the town, details of daily life, religious
and political figures and movements, religious and secular education, and gripping stories of the major intellectual and Zionist movements of the 20th century. The necrologies
and lists of residents are of tremendous genealogical value, as often the names of individuals who were taken to extermination camps or shot in the forests are not recorded elsewhere.
Usually written in Hebrew or Yiddish, these important books are not accessible to most users, who cannot read these languages. Thus, the translation of these books into English
unlocks this information to many more researchers all over the world. The JewishGen Yizkor Book Project received the award in 2002 for outstanding contribution to Jewish genealogy
by the International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies.
BELGOROD-DNESTROVSKI (formerly Akkerman; Rum. Cetatea-Alba), city in Ukraine, in the region of *Bessarabia, on the river Dniester; in Romania 191840 and 194144.
It is referred to in Jewish sources as Weissenburg and Ir Lavan (both meaning "White City"). Karaite scholars, including apparently Caleb *Afendopolo, lived there in
the early 16th century, attesting to the existence of a cultured Karaite settlement during this period. A Rabbanite community is first recorded in Belgorod-Dnestrovski in 1591. In
1808, 18 heads of Jewish families were registered there. According to tradition, a bet midrash was built there in 1815 and a synagogue in 1828. The community grew considerably in
the 19th century with the arrival of Jews in Bessarabia from other regions of the *Pale of Settlement. The Jewish population numbered 2,422 in 1864 and 5,613 in 1897 (19.9% of the total).
The Jews in Belgorod-Dnestrovski were influenced in social and cultural spheres by the important Jewish center in *Odessa. Most of the Jews earned their living in the grain trade, which was mainly
concentrated in Jewish hands, but many engaged in crafts. In 1905, there was a pogrom in which eight Jews were killed. After Bessarabia passed to Romania in 1918, the Jews in Belgorod-Dnestrovski
developed a flourishing communal and cultural life, and established cultural and welfare institutions. Jewish institutions before World War II included a hospital (founded in 1882), an old-age home,
a kindergarten, and a Hebrew elementary *Tarbut school. In 1930, 4,239 Jews resided in Belgorod-Dnestrovski (12.3% of the total population).
Holocaust Period and After
In July 1940, during the Soviet occupation, all Jewish life was disbanded, and a few months later, the great Remasline synagogue became a government archive. Prominent and wealthy Jews were arrested
and tried or disappeared altogether. On the night of June 13, 1941, dozens of families were exiled to Siberia, most of whom did not survive. When the fighting drew near, in 1941, about 4,000 Jews fled
the city, mostly for nearby Odessa. Most of them were caught in the German siege of the city and shared the fate of local Jews, being later executed or deported by the Romanians. Those who remained were
the sick and the old and pious Jews. The entry of German and Romanian troops was preceded by the murder of Jews and the plunder of Jewish property on the part of the local peasants. As soon as the town
was occupied, all the remaining Jews were gathered in the Remasline synagogue where they were kept for three days without food and water. They were then taken to the Liman River where they were all shot
to death; about 800 Jews were killed in the slaughter. Approximately 500 of the prewar population of Belgorod-Dnestrovksi survived the war, and about half of these eventually returned. In 1970, the Jewish
population was estimated at 300 families. Most emigrated in the 1990s but Jewish life revived in the 21st century with Rabbi Fishel Chichelnitzky heading a kindergarten, Sunday school, and the
new Chabad synagogue.
The book has 511 pages. It was edited by the Society of Emigrants from Akkerman and Vicinity in Tel Aviv in 1983. The original book can be seen online at the NY Public Library site: Akkerman Certain
sections of the book have already been translated however considerable portions of the book still remain to be translated. The link for this book appears
online at http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/Akkerman/Akkerman.html
The estimated cost for this project would be in the range of $16,000. JewishGen will be responsible for paying the translator and donations to the fund will be tax-deductible for US citizens.
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Last Update: 20 Sept 2018 by Anne Vaccari