"Golina" - Encyclopedia of Jewish
Communities in Poland, Volume I
(Poland)

52°15' / 18°16'

Translation of "Golina" chapter
from Pinkas Hakehillot Polin

Published by Yad Vashem

Published in Jerusalem


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Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

Morris Wirth

Our sincere appreciation to Yad Vashem for permission
to put this material on the JewishGen web site.

This is a translation from: Pinkas Hakehillot: Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities, Poland,
Volume I, pages 79-80, published by Yad Vashem, Jerusalem


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(pages 79-80)

Golina
(Konin District)

Translated by Morris Gradel

YearTotal
population
Jews
1808871227
18271,041444
18571,279614
18971,784679
19212,418695

Golina(G) achieved town status in 1330, and this privilege was renewed in 1362. However, G did not develop, and only took on an urban character in the 18th century, when breweries and distilleries were established. The Jewish population began to grow in the second half of the 18th century, though from 1823 to1862 further Jewish settlement was forbidden, due to the proximity of the town to the border. The local Jews took part in the town's economic development, and engaged in trade and crafts. In the 19th century they owned a flour mill; and a tanning plant was established. In the 1820s an independent community with a rabbinate was formed. In the 1870s the rabbi was R. Avraham Prost.

After the German conquest of the town in September 1939 the Jews were subjected to forced labor, loss of property, and acts of ill-treatment. On July 17th-18th,1940, they were deported to the town of Zagórów and to the village ghetto in Grodziec and Rzgów, where all the Jews of the district were concentrated. On March 9th,1941, some of these were transferred to Izbica Lubelska, Józefów Lubelski and Krasnystaw in the General Government, among them Jews from G. The remainder left in Zagórów, Grodziec and Rzgów were in October 1941 massacred in the forests near Kazimierz Biskupi - including the last Jews of the community of G.


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