Bukovina Handbook
Prepared under the Direction of the Historical Section
of the British Foriegn Office No.6

Published in London, Feb.1919




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Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator


David Fox


Original English Scanned by

 
Ernest Fine
 

Dave Fox, chair of the Belarus SIG, and Joyce Field, Project Manager of the Yizkor Book Project,
want to thank Ernest Fine for his excellent job of scanning,
putting the text into computer format, and proofreading this material.
The task was extremely difficult because of the typeface and inking of the original copy.
Ernie's diligence and perseverance are much appreciated.


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I. GEOGRAPHY PHYSICAL AND POLITICAL  
     (1) Position and Frontiers 1
     (2) Surface and River System  
         Surface 2
         River System 3
     (3) Climate 5
     (4) Sanitary Conditions 5
     (5) Race and Language 6
     (6) Population  
         Distribution 9
         Towns and Villages 9
         Movement 10
II. POLITICAL HISTORY  
     Chronological Summary 11
         (1) Origins 11
         (2) Annexation by Austria 12
         (3) Decline of Rumanian Nationality 13
     Administration under Austria 13
     Reorganization of the Church 14
     Changes in the Population 14
         (4) Revival of Rumanian Nationality 15
     Influence of Rumania 15
     The Revolutionary Movement of 1848 15
     The Church Question 16
         (5) Reaction in the Bukovina 17
     Repressive Measures 17
     Evidence of National Feeling 17
III. SOCIAL AND POLITICAL CONDITIONS  
         (1) Religious 19
         (2) Political 20
         (3) Educational 20
GENERAL OBSERVATIONS 21
IV. ECONOMIC CONDITIONS  
     (A) MEANS OF COMMUNICATION  
         (a) Roads 23
         (b) Rivers and Canals 23
         (c) Railways 24
         (d) Posts and Telegraphs 25
     (B) INDUSTRY 25
         (1) Labour  
         (2) Agriculture  
             (a) Products of Commercial Value 26
             (b) Methods of Cultivation 27
             (c) Forestry 28
             (d) Land Tenure 29
             (3) Fisheries 29
             (4) Minerals 29
             (5) Manufacture 31
             (6) Water-power 31
     (C) COMMERCE  
         (a) Principal Branches of Trade 31
         (b) Towns and Markets 31
         (c) Organizations to promote Trade and Commerce 32
         (d) Imports and Exports 32
     (D) FINANCE  
         (1) Public Finance 32
         (2) Banks 33
AUTHORITIES  


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Updated 20 Aug 2005 by LA