An Eternal Light: Brody, in Memoriam
(Ukraine)

50°05' / 25°09'

Translation of
Ner Tamid: Yizkor leBrody

Edited by: Organization of former Brody residents in Israel, 1994


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Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

Ami Elyasaf

 

Marjorie Stamm Rosenfeld (emerita)

 

Our sincere appreciation to Yariv Gilboa, of the Organization of Former
Brody residents in Israel for permission to put this material on the JewishGen web site.

This is a translation from: Ner Tamid: Yizkor leBrody; An Eternal Light: Brody in Memoriam;
Organization of former Brody residents in Israel, 1994.


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About An Eternal Light


The city of Brody – now in Ukraine but in Austrian Galicia in the 19th century and in Poland between the two world wars--boasted a Jewish presence for almost 400 years. A Jewish community was documented there as early as 1588 and endured until 1943, when the last Jews were deported from Brody for extermination in a Nazi death camp. A number of survivors who had miraculously escaped the Nazi death machine ended up in Israel. There, in 1955, Nathan-Michael Gelber's Toldot Yehudei Brody 1584-1943 (Brody: A History of the Jews of Brody 1584-1943) was published by Mosad HaRav Kook in Jerusalem as part of a series about towns in Europe which had been home to Jews. Meanwhile, other Brody survivors dreamed of a second book to commemorate and perpetuate their mother city. What they envisioned was a spirited collection containing historical essays, remembrances, testimonies, even poems, about what life had been like in Brody. Out of this dream was born the volume Ner Tamid: Yizkor LeBrody (An Eternal Light: Brody, in Memoriam), published by the Organization of Former Brody Residents in Israel in 1994.

Marjorie Stamm Rosenfeld


The Founders of the Organization of Former Brody and its Vicinity Residents in Israel

Uri Gasthalter Naphtali Jacob Rotmann
David Hammermann, of blessed memory Haya Shahar-Donner
Nathan Meirsohn Moshe Shalmi-Stadtmauer
Josef Parvari-Leiner, of blessed memory Haim Shmuszkin
Alexander-Olek Podmerner Mendel Singer, of blessed memory
Moshe Rosenblum, of blessed memory Anshel Stromwasser, of blessed memory
 

The Former Brody and its Vicinity Residents Committee

Naphtali Harash Moshe Shalmi-Stadtmauer
Hermann Lilian Raphael Shlinger-Shalev
Dov Pestes (chairman) Haim Shmuszkin
Alexander-Olek Podmerner Eliezer Tolmacz
Zipora Rom Jacob Tomashower
Haya Shahar-Donner Isaac Zohar-Zorne
 

The Memorial Book's Committee

David Altmann Dov Pestes
Josef Ettinger, of blessed memory Zipora Rom
Bianka Lilian Zehava Shmuszkin
Malwina Lilian-Dembinski Isaac Zohar-Zorne
 

The Editorial Board

Yehoshua-Shiko Mandel
Aviv Meltzer (editor-in-chief)
Josef Parvari-Leiner, of blessed memory
Sarah-Samith Shmuszkin-Rubinstein


Map of Brody
Map of Brody
(Click on the map to enlarge)


Introduction
 
Preface Yehoshu'a-Shiko Mandel
On the Image of the Brody Community Arieh Tartakower 1
Snail, Emerge from Your Shell! Simon Sauber 7
 
Chapter One: Brody – its History and Jewish Community
 
On the Start of the Jewish Settlement in Brody
from his History of the Jews of Brody: “Jewish Mother Cities,”
Vol. 6, Mosad HaRav Kook, Jerusalem [1955]
 
The Jewish Settlement of Brody
from its Beginnings until its annihilation
pp. 13-14; from “Pinkas Ha'kehilot”:
Nathan Michael Gelber 23
Brody: “The Jerusalem of Austria” Nathan Michael Gelber 50
The Last Fire – May 23, 1867 Adele Landau-Mises 55
Brodyites in Leipzig A. Yehuda (Osterzetzer) 59
The Synagogue in Brody
from The Synagogues in Poland and Their Destruction,
Mosad HaRav Kook and “Yad Va-Shem,” Jerusalem, 1943
David Davidowitz 61
 
Chapter Two: Culture and Society
 
The Wise Men of the Brody Kloiz Rabbi J. J. Weissblum 67
The Rabbis of Brody of the Past 150 Years Meir Wunder 86
The Brody Singers Joseph Parvari (Leiner) 96
The Brody Singers and Their Heritage
from Bimah II (9-10), 1961-1962, pp. 27-33
Dov Sadan 100
Brody: City of Border and Immigrants
from his With Joseph Hayyim Brenner to the Land of Israel Sixty Years Ago,
Mo'etzet Po'alei Haifa, 1969, pp. 19-29
Mendel Zinger 108
On the Very Close Connection of the Jews of Brody and Those of Volhynia Joseph Parvari (Leiner) 114
The Aliyah of the Halutzim, “Artificial Immigration” and Hakhshara Activities
from his With Joseph Hayyim Brenner to the Land of Israel Sixty Years Ago,
Mo'etzet Po'alei Haifa, 1969, pp. 29-47
  117
The Shomer Branch on Leshniovska Street Sonya Katzman-Vinogradov 129
Jewish Brody in Its Last Decade as I Remember It Yitzhak Zohar (Izio Zorne) 135
With the Misery of Isolated Jewish Homes
from his From the Childhood District, “Dvir,” Tel-Aviv, 1938, pp. 64-74
Dov Sadan (Stock) 143
A Women's Organization in Brody Bianca Lillian 150
 
Chapter Three: Testimonies to the Holocaust
 
Correspondence between Salomon Bardach in the Brody Ghettoand his Sister-in-law Dora Bardach in Switzerland   55
From a Letter to the Editor Shmuel Stoianover and Raphael Shalev 58
The Last Days of the Community
This report was translated from Yiddish to Hebrew by Yaakov Netaneli-Rotman.
It is citied from Nathan Michael Gelber's History of the Jews of Brody:
“Mother Cities” in Israel, Vol. 6,
Mosad HaRav Kook, Jerusalem [1955], pp. 397-406
Kalman Harnik 59
I Alone Survived of My Family Gina Lantzeter 69
The Warring Jewish Organization in Brody
From the collection Underground Movements in the Ghettoes and the Camps,
edited by B. Eisenstein, 1946,
published by the War Archives,
The Jewish Communities in Cracow (in Polish);
and The Ghettoes' Wars Volume edited by Yitzhak Zukerman and Moshe Basock,
HaKibbutz HaMeuchad, 1954, pp. 328-331
  70
Brody in the Days of the Nazi Conquest Amalia Olesker Friedmann 75
Revenge upon the Murderer Hersh Pollack 80
In the Days of Wrath Vladislava Larissa Choms (one of “the world's righteous”) 85
Testimony Genya Rosenfeld-Berger 89
The Hand of Fate Pessya Loewy 91
In the Days of the Conquest (Diary Excerpts) Fanya Zorne Laufer 92
Brody Happenings from 1941-1943 Malvina (Mishka) Lillian-Dembinsky 97
Testimony (in third person) Raphael Shalev (Fulu Shlinger) 202
Memories of Brody Berta Landgeuertz Miasnik 208
My Mother: Paula Papernik-Poliner Rivka Flumin 210
My Father, My Mother, and My Sister Bronia Roth 212
Testimony Abraham (ben Hayyim Noah) Shapira 214
Two Testimonies Clara-Hayyah Zorne 216
What We Ourselves Experienced Hayyim and Bina Gasthalter 220
 
Chapter Four: Remembrances
 
A String of Memories Joseph Parvari (Leiner) 261
In Memory of the City of Brody – A “Mother City” in Israel Miriam Lieberbaum (Dishel) 271
In Memoriam Yitzhak Zorne-Zohar 273
Brody David Altman 274
How My Family and Rabbi Steinberg's Family Were Saved Ya'akov Braun 287
The Last “Oleh” from Brody Yitzhak Weltman 292
My Family in Brody before World War I Samuel Lamm 302
How Fortunate was I Hinda Wohl (Hela Tuch-Tuviel) 307
From My Father's House Naftali Harash 309
My Family, of Blessed Memory Joseph Kahana 311
Members of My Family and Images of Brody Preserved in My Heart Joseph Ettinger 313
There Was a Pious Man Ya'akov Lieberman 318
One Friday at Home Berta Kalenberg (Margulies) 320
My Family's Fate Eliezer Tolmetz 322
My Family's Fate Lea Shduel 323
My Family Lola Rotenberg-Buchan 324
About My Family That Is No More Pnina Hertzberg Lansky 326
Memories from My Father's House Hadassah Esther Nathan (Weiss) 327
A Visit to Brody – 45 Years After . . . Ziporah Rom 331
 
Chapter Five: Images and Eulogies
 
Our Teacher Nachum Okser, Brody's Janusz Korczak Joseph Parvari (Leiner) 341
A Letter from Brody Heinrich Adler 343
Through the Window (a poem) Hadassah Esther Nathan (Weiss) 346
Samuel Weiler
An offprint from Publications of the Partisan Fighters Museum, Tel-Aviv, Tevet 5732 – December 1971.
Joseph Parvari (Leiner) 347
Alas, German Mothers! (a poem) Fanya Zorne 350
The Brody “Klezmer” Samuel Lamm 352
In Memory of My Parents Simcha and Yasse Weiser Shoshana Weiser 353
Two Episodes Shraga Weintraub 354
In Memory of Our Father Ya'akov Unreich Rivka Matushewicz 355
My Father's House (a poem) Fanya Zorne 356
Images from Brody Joseph Kahana 359
Our Father Joseph Parvari Uri and Elazar Parvari 360
Our City Brody Shaul Perlmutter 362
“Kaddish” for the Lost Avshalom Sion-Szmuszkin 367
My Friend Nunek Raphael (Fulu) Shalev-Shlinger 374
List of the “Righteousof the Nations of the World” Who Saved a Few of Brody's Jews   375
 
Chapter Six: Memorial Pages
 
List of the Martyrs of Brody and its Environs   383
The Youth of Brody Who Fought the Nazis and Fell in the Years 1939-1945   420
Former Brody Residents Who Passed Away in Israel   421
Former Brody Residents and Their Offspring Who Fell in Israel's Battles   426
 
Addendum
 
We Polish Jews
(In the original Polish plus Hebrew, Yiddish and English translations)
Julian Tuwim 431
 
English Section
 
Preface Yehoshu'a-Shiko Mandel 1*
The Jewish Settlement of Brody: From its Beginnings Until 1919
(From “Pinkas Hakehilot”)
  19*
We Polish Jews   38*
My, Zydzi Polscy   59*
Brody Town Map   59*
 
Map and aerial photographs of Brody
Name index


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