(Třeboň, Czech Republic 49°00' 14°46')
Compiled by Jaroslav PolákRokycana, Prague
Translated from the original Czech by Jan O. Hellmann/DK
Edited in English by Dan & Rob Pearman/UK
The Jewish community in Třeboň (German ‘Wittingau’) brings together the communities in Třeboň, Suchdol upon Lužnice, Chlum, Nová Ves, České Velenice, Rapčach, Klikov and Lomnice upon Lužnice.
The following is a list of the Chairmen of the Jewish community in Třeboň:
Samuel Kreidl (18721891), under whose leadership the community flourished and who founded a fine synagogue;
Samuel Ornstein (18921895);
Michael Metzl (18961900), who founded the cemetery and played an important role in the administration of the community;
Mořic Schwarz (19011911), who worked altruistically for the interest of Jews across the country and was a bountiful supporter of the poor;
Ludvík Metzl (from 1911), who also served as recorder from 1909, with the loyal assistance of Bertold Kohn.
There was once a Jewish school in Třeboň, but this was closed down 20 years ago for reasons of nationalism. The following teachers and rabbis were active at this school and also in the prayer room. (As well as the synagogue, there is also a winter prayer room in the boardroom):
Mořic Fischer, 6 years;
Mojžíš Blann, 12 years;
Josef Bloch, 3 years;
Efraim Löwy, 2 years;
Desidér Fischer, 3 years;
Vilém Presser, 4 years;
Natan Guttmann, 4 years.
Since 1919, the Jewish community has not had the financial means to hire its own rabbi because of a reduced revenue from the religious tax.
Until 1894 the Jewish records were kept at the local rectory; since 1894 the Jewish community has its own records. There are no older documents in the archive of the Jewish community that could be used for a description of the community's history. Ph.Dr. Markus, the archivist of the landowner, Adolf Schwarzenberg, is preparing to publish a large scholarly thesis based on the stilltobeinvestigated local archive.
The decline of the Třeboň Jewish community is witnessed by the fact that in 1910 there were 63 Jews here, while in 1921 there were just 29 Jews, mainly of Czech nationality.
Short history of Třeboň in Czech
Description of synagogue in Třeboň in Czech
Short description of Jewish cemetery in Třeboň in Czech
Pictures from the Jewish cemetery in Třeboň in English
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Updated 18 May 2014 by JH