The co-ed high school, gymnasium and elementary school
belonging to the Sosnowiec Jewish school organization
Between 1916-1918, many educational institutions were established in towns and townships in the occupied areas. In Sosnowiec it was somewhat different. Here a high school for girls was established in 1915. The school was controlled by assimilated Jews and was open on Saturday and Jewish holidays. Strong pressure from the teachers at the school forced the administration to close the school on Jewish holidays. The school existed until 1922.
|Dr. Fajwel Widerman||Dr. Tuvia Melodista|
|Director of the High School. Chairman of the Jewish natural association of Zaglembie. Chairman of the society of our live in Sosnowiec. Former director of the Yavne High School in Bedzin and former member of the Bedziner municipal council.||Chairman of the High School, Chairman of the Zionist organizations in Sosnowiec. Vice-chairman of the Zaglembie friends of the Hebrew University. Vice-chairman of the Zaglembie doctors association. Chairman of the Sosnowiec Keren Hayesod.committee. Member of the Jewsh community council. Member of the municipal revision commission. Member of the executive of the Zionist organization in Poland. Former chairman of the Sosnowiec Jewish councilmen club. Chairman of the Jewish community council 1924-1932] and member of the Jewish hospital committee of Sosnowiec in 1929-1931.|
The average Jews for whom Judaism was a fact of life were the first strong supporters of the Jewish school. The inhabitants of the Mandzewer Street were the pioneers who enabled the school to expand. The first year of the new high school was not too different from the previous years as an assimilated school. After all, the new school was not totally new; it merely took over the functions of an assimilated school. The new school had to proceed with caution as it underwent the ideological change from assimilation to a healthy respect of Judaism. The student body had to be considered for many students had been in attendance at the school for years and their curriculum could not be changed overnight. The staff, administration, and parents also created some problems. All these elements slowed the development of the Jewish high school of Sosnowiec.
The high school leadership took all these matters in consideration but steadily
led the school in the direction of teaching a healthy respect for Judaism in
spite of the elements that wanted to remove all Jewish subjects from the
curriculum. The city authorities also supported the assimilationist trend and
heavily contributed to the school budget since it coincided with the Polish
national aims. As a matter of fact, the official inspector was not even aware
of the changes that were taken place at the school. He assumed that the
assimilated trends continued to prevail at the school and the city continued to
support it. This support of course declined when the aims became known. In
spite of meager financial resources and the limited support it received from
sections of the city's Jewish population, the high school made progress and
began to gain the confidence of the Jewish population.
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