Orheyev Alive and Destroyed
(Orhei, Moldova)

47°22' / 28°51'

Translation of:
Orhevev be-vinyana u-be-hurbara

Edited by Y. Spivak

Published in Tel Aviv, 1959


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Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

Terry Lasky




This is a translation from Orhevev be-vinyana u-be-hurbara (Orheyev Alive and Destroyed)
ed. Y. Spivak. Tel Aviv: Committee of former residents of Orheyev, 1959 (H,Y)

Note: The original book can be seen online at the NY Public Library site: Orgeyev

Purchase details for a printed copy of this translation can be found at http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ybip/YBIP_Orheyev.html


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Orhei in its Glory and its Ruins

Edited by

Isaac Spivak
Mordechai Rotkov
Mordechai Frank

Published by the association of Orhei descendants

Front page picture by Yochanan Simon

Sivan Tashyat
June 1959

“Hadpus Hahadash” Limited Tel-Aviv


Translated by Terry Lasky, Boaz Nadler & Marsha Kayser

Chapter Title Page
 
Insert A1 Notes from the Project Coordinator i
Insert A2 Index of Surnames ii
Insert A3 List of Figures iii
1 Prologue / The Editors 3
2 Excerpts from the Writers: Bessarabia and its uniqueness / Dr. Zvi Vislavsky, S. Ben-Zion 5
3 My Home Town / Y. Spivak. 7
 
Part 1 History of the Town and the Community 9
 
4 The Bessarabia region in the end of the 19th century / Y. Ben-Asher 11
5 Orhei and its Jewish settlement in ancient times / M. David (Davidzon) 12-17
6 Communal Institutions / M. Rotkov 18-34
7 Struggle for a Jewish party / Avraham Malovatsky 34-35
 
Part II The Youth and National Resurrection 37
 
8 The beginning of “Hibat Zion” / M. R. 39-40
9 The beginning of the youth group “Tzeirey Zion” (Youth of Zion) / A. Y. Golani 40-41
10 In our Group / A. Malovatsky 42-46
 
  Bnei-Israel – (The sons of Israel, B.N.) 47
11 “Bnei-Israel”, the social and national background / Mordechai Frank 47-52
12 “Bnei-Israel”, from thought into action / Dov Sinai (Snitkovsky) 53-56
13 “Bnei-Israel”, the excitement amongst the youth / Avraham Bronshteyn 57-61
 
  Jewish Youth Organizations 62-63
14 Gorodonia / Aliza Yagolnitzer-Shemovny 63-67
15 “Hashomer Hatzair” / Chayim Ben-Yaakov 68-69
16 “Hashomer Hatzair” / Emuna Munder (Yiddish) 69
17 “Poalei-Zion” / Baruch Lemberg 70-72
18 The Beginning of Hechalutz (the first pioneers) / Yitzchak Rapoport 73-74
 
Part III Memoirs 75
 
A Education and Culture 77-96
19 Memories from Over Fifty Years Ago / Yitzchak Spivak 77-86
20 History of the library 87
21 Restoration of the library / A. Malovatsky 87-88
22 The library and its struggles / Baruch Lemberg 88
23 The Circle of Theater Fans / Moshe Bik 89-91
24 The Dramatic Circle / Rivka Milshteyn 91-92
25 Musicians and Cantors / Moshe Bik 93-94
26 In the Cheder / Moshe Shnayder, NY, Hebrew by Y.B.A. 95
27 Lag Baomer in the Cheder / Yechiel Leyderberg, Hebrew by M.R. 95-96
 
B In the labor group 97-103
28 The Socialist Movement and the Professional Union / Yonah Shamban 97-98
29 From those days / Gittel Spivak-Shapin, Hebrew by M. R. 98-100
30 The Culture League / Rachel Rotinsky-Shaposhnik, Hebrew by M.R. 101
31 Took a Chance but…Had Good Luck / G. Shafin 102
32 First Workers' Ball (1909) / G. Shafin 102-103
 
C The cooperative group 104-111
33 The Influence of the Workers in our City / Mordechai Rotkov 104-111
34 The Situation of The Loan and Savings / B.Z. Furer, - M.R. 111
 
D In Agriculture 112-119
35 The agricultural farm / M. Rotkov  
36 The tobacco plantations in the region of Orheyev/ Agronom H. Feigin, Hebrew by M.R. 112-114
37 Second generation of farmers / M.R. 115
38 The Hardship Coming to the Land of Israel / Shabtai 116
39 The rebellious son / G. Shafin, Hebrew by M.R. 117-118
40 Berl the greengrocer, by M.R. 118-119
 
E Self Defense 120-123
41 The Weapons that were Hidden in our House / Chava Vardi-Yoelit 120-123
 
F Miscellaneous 123-144
42 Memories from Orheyev / Velvel Shafin-Shaposhnik (Yiddish) 123-126
43 Behind the Small Synagogue of the Market / Mendel Kruglyak-Karol, Hebrew by M.R. 126-128
44 The Machinations of the Sigurnatza (The Security Police) / Alec Goldshtern 128
45 Orgeyever Ladies Committee In New York / G. Shafin-Spivak 129-131
46 Rachel the Eulogizer / Yehoyachin Stotzavsky 132
47 Miscellaneous / Avraham Richolsky 133
48 The Rampage of the Soldiers… / Mina Kohan 134
49 The Jews of Lalova / Yosef Shaiovitz 134
50 Thoughts / Moshe Duchovny 135
51 Visit of a “Sabra” / Bogoslavsky 136
52 Meditiations of a Hebrew Intellectual / D.B. Berkovitz 137
53 Leib Stolyar / H. Grinberg 138-141
54 Memories of the Talmud Torah / Miller-Zeitz, Hebrew by M.R. 142
55 Characters And Episodes From The Shtetl / Golda Zeylikovitz-Katsap 143-144
 
Part IV The Holocaust 145
 
56 Yizkor (Remembrance) / Dr. Dvorzhetsky 147
57 My Hometown / Dov Sinai 148
58 The Nation of the Holocaust / by Chaya Mundrian 149
59 The last days of our community / Ben-Zion Chaimovitz 150
60 Wanderings / Lawyer Yosef Shaiovitz 151
61 Rescue Missions / Y. S. 152
62 Where does one run to?! / Riva Milshteyn-Rozenfeld, Hebrew M.R. 153-156
63 Orheyev in 1957 / M. Frayman, transcribed by M. Frank. 156-157
64 Hertz Barinboym of blessed memory 158
65 Elka Bronshteyn of blessed memory 158
66 Dr. Berkovitz of blessed memory/ R. Milshteyn 158
67 The Family of Matityahu Globman / Zipora Rotkov 159
68 Yaakov Globman of blessed memory / Pinkenzon 159
69 Michael Groyser of blessed memory 160
70 The Dyukman house / Dov S. , Moshe Arazi 160
71 Gedalyahu and Rivka Veitzman of blessed memory 161
72 Leib Ziserman of blessed memory 162
73 Itzik David Cheriyan of blessed memory 162
74 Avraham David and Faya Katz of blessed memory 162
75 Avraham and Zila Lipshin of blessed memory / Y. Torkanovsky 162
76 Arkadi Loshkov of blessed memory 163
77 Yechiel Leyderberg of blessed memory 163
78 The Family of Moshe Lemberg / Baruch 163
79 Yitzchak the son of Avraham Milshteyn of blessed memory / M. Rotkov and Moshe Asuskin 164
80 Mendel and Leah Naychin of blessed memory 166
81 Yosef and Yehudit Naychin-Geler of blessed memory from “On the ruins of Bessarabia” / Y. Shildkroit 167
82 Dr. R. Nirenberg of blessed memory 168
83 Avraham and Charna Spivak of blessed memory 168
84 Efrayim Pagis of blessed memory 169
85 Yosef ben Yoel and Ina Pagis of blessed memory 169
86 Asher and Feiga Fisher of blessed memory 170
87 Leah (Liza) Fisher of blessed memory 170
88 Yeshayahu Frank of blessed memory / Mordechai (Gan-Shmuel) 170
89 Moshe Chalyk of blessed memory 171
90 Reb Simcha Kestlicher of blessed memory 171
91 Berel and Sara Kruglyak of blessed memory 172
92 Moshe and Rachel Ravich of blessed memory 172
93 Zvi (Gerisha) Rozenfeld of blessed memory / Riva 173
94 Nachum, Feiga, and Golda Rotinsky of blessed memory 173
95 Yitzchak Shapirin of blessed memory 174
96 Mania Shulman of blessed memory / Moshe Ziserman 174
97 The Shaiovitz family of blessed memory / Y. Ben-Moshe 174-175
 
Insert B Holocaust Victims 179-189
 
B1 Pictures of Holocaust Victims 179-185
B2 Names of Holocaust Victims 186-188
B3 Memorial List from the “Hagana” and Israel Defense Forces 189
 
98 Yizkor / S. Shalom 189
99 Shaul Averbukh of blessed memory 190
100 Anshel Asher Kamchi of blessed memory 190
101 Yehudah Spivak of blessed memory / Yaakov Zeevi 191
102 Moshe Roitman of blessed memory / Y. Rapoport 191
103 Menachem Rotkov of blessed memory (from Parchments of Fire, pg. 572-573). 191-192
 
Insert C Orheyev decendants who died in Israel 193
 
104 Tuviya Averbukh of blessed memory / Shlomo Bronshteyn, Gan-Shmuel 194
105 Nachum Alkushi of blessed memory / Yitzchak ben Zvi, Al. Feri 194
106 Yaakov Yehuda Beznos of blessed memory 195
107 Fania Borsutsky of blessed memory, excerpts from B. Shochtman published in the newspaper 195
108 Udel and Mordechai Globman of blessed memory 195
109 Idil Yagolnitzer of blessed memory / D. Chaimovitz 196
110 Yosef Kohan of blessed memory 196
111 Zila Levinson of blessed memory 197
112 Eliyahu Ben-Zion Furer and his wife Pesya of blessed memory 197
113 Batya (Pesya) Furer of blessed memory 198
114 Peretz and Leah Portnoy of blessed memory 198
115 Levi Petrushka of blessed memory 198
116 Reb Anchel and Malka Feiga Frank of blessed memory 199
117 Rivka Dacha Frank of blessed memory / Mordechai, Gan-Shmuel 199
118 Mordechai Katzap of blessed memory (from Dreamers and Fighters) / Uri Polskin 200
119 Fishel Rozen of blessed memory, excerpts by H. Sharer 200
120 Zipora Rotkov of blessed memory 201
121 Yisrael Yechieli of blessed memory 201
122 Aizik and Leah Shander 202
123 Dr. Eliyahu Shpitzberg 202
 
Insert D Orheyev descendents that died in Israel 202-204
 
D1 Photographs of Orheyev descendants that died in Israel 202-203
D2 List of Orheyev descendants that died in Israel 204
     
124 Avraham Borsutsky / Y.S / M.R. 205
125 Avraham Duchovny of blessed memory 207
126 Rabbi Getzel Honik of blessed memory 208
127 Rabbi Alter Menashes of blessed memory 208
128 Yitzchak Shvartz of blessed memory / Zvi Pinkenzon 208-209
 
Part V In Summary 211
 
129 The first meeting in Hadera, excerpts by Dov Sinai 213
130 Second meeting in Haifa, excerpts by Y. Spivak 214
131 The Celebration of a Friend / Mordechai and Zipora Rotkov 215
132 From the committee to the editorial board 216
133 From the editorial board to the committee 216


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