Memorial Book of Chmielnik;
Yizkor Book of the Annihilated Jewish Community

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Translation of
Pinkas Chmielnik.
Yisker bukh noch der Khorev-Gevorener Yidisher Kehile

Edited by: Ephraim Shedletski, former residents of Chmielnik in Israel, 1960

Published in Tel Aviv, 1960

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Project Coordinator

Mark Froimowitz


Our sincere appreciation to Pinchas Rosen, Chairman, Former residents of Chmielnik in Israel,
for permission to put this material on the JewishGen web site.

Table of Contents and Necrology were originally published in the Kielce-Radom SIG Journal,
Vol. 7, No. 2 (Spring 2003), pages 19-28 & Vol. 8, No. 2 (Spring 2004), pages 12-16

This is a translation from: Pinkas Chmielnik. Yisker bukh noch der Khorev-Gevorener Yidisher Kehile;
Memorial book of Chmielnik; yizkor book of the annihilated Jewish community.
Editor: Ephraim Shedletski, Tel Aviv, former residents of Chmielnik in Israel, 1960 (H,Y)

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fulfilling our mission of disseminating information about the Holocaust and destroyed Jewish communities.
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[Pages 1305 - 1312]

Translated from the Hebrew and Yiddish by Sharon and Isi Lehrer

(Y = Yiddish; H = Hebrew; P = Polish)

Forward (H) 9
Introduction (Y) 11
In Memoriam (H) 15
List of Martyrs (Y) 17

The History of the City

The History of the Jews of Chmielnik (H & Y)Dr. N. M. Gelber57 & 73
Sources / Documentation of Chmielnik (P & H)
from the geographic lexicon of the Kingdom of Poland, first published in 1883
The Jewish Community in Chmielnik in the 19th Century (Y)Yishaya Tronk91
History of the Chmielnik Chasidic Movement (H)M. S. Geshori97
The Dynasty of the Tsadikim of Ozorow and the Rabbis of Chmielnik (H)M. S. Geshori133
Portrait of a Rabbi - R' Avraham-Yitschak Sylman (H & Y)R' Avraham-Aharon Price151 & 157
My Struggle in the Polish Parliament on Behalf of the Jewish Postman (H & Y)Yitschak Greenboim161 & 165
The Chmielnik Republic (H & Y)Ya'acov Zerubavel169 & 173

Memories from the Past

My Town Chmielnik (H)David Sifri-Kshonzer179
These Do I Remember (H)Rabbi Avraham-Aharon Price181
From “Chmiel” to Chmielnik (Y)Moshe Domb185
My Memories (Y)Moshe Leizer Mintz189
During the Revolutionary Years (Y)Mordechai Fuchs217
Fifty Years Ago (Y)Penina Weinberg-Cohen221
Chmielnik Before the First World War (Y)Yechiel Gotoviezne225
Streets and Characters (Y)Yechiel Gotoviezne233
Chmielnik Surroundings (Y)Yechiel Gotoviezne245
The Shtetl I Remember (Y)Ya'acov Friedman253
The Outbreak of War (Y)Leon Kleinplats261
Memories from World War I (Y)Motl Rosenblum269
Life During World War I (Y)Azriel Sametband277
Episodes from World War I (Y)Ya'acov Friedman279
During the War Years (Y)Moshe-Abba Kornblum287
Memories (Y)Yisrael Greenboim289
Poland is Liberated (Y)Mendl Klarman291
November 1918 (Y)Kalman Pshevarski293
The Day of Poland's Liberation (Y)Ya'acov Friedman297
On Weekdays and Festivals (Y)Velvl Hershkop305
Folklore of the Shtetl (Y)Leibl Pietrikovski307
A Wedding in the Shtetl (Y)Chana Fuchs309
The Market (Y)Kalman Pshevarski313
Memories (Y)Yosef Kantor315
On the Outskirts of Kielce(Y)Leibl Pietrikovski321
Trade and Manufacturing (Y)Motl Goldlist329
Teachers in the Cheders (Y)Motl Goldlist339
The Big Market and the Small Market (Y)Mordechai Zonshein343
The Bet Yosef Yeshiva (Y)Avraham Guts351
The Funeral of Avraham-Yitschak Gorlitski (Y)Moshe Gurgel357
In the Eyes of a Sabra (H)Moshe Ben-Shachar361

Types and Characters

Moshe-Yosl Smolarz (Y)M. Gelbart367
Moshe-Yosl Smolarz - From his Literary Inheritance (Y) 369
Portraits (Y)Moshe Domb387
Yochanan Tsipaniu (Y)Leibl Pietrikovski401
Characters from the Shtetl (Y)Ya'acov Friedman403
My Teachers (Y)Shlomo Neiman415
Hertske Tarek and his Sons (Y)Gershon Gorlitski419
The Struggle Against the Desecration of Shabbat and the Peddlar's Decision (Y)Motl Goldlist423
Yendrek (Y)Yisrael-Yitschak Ridelnik.431
The Storyteller (Y)Leibish Kvashnievski433
The Doctor Yisrael-Itche Kleinert (Y)Y.K.435
My Teacher Leibl Viltchik (Y)Yisraelke Disenhoiz437
My Father Itchele Neiman (Y)David Neiman439
An Event with Kopl Kaminski (Y)Avraham Tsuker441
Harav Ya'acov Sylman (Y)M. S. Geshori443
Public and Prominent Figures (Y & H) 455

Political and Social Life

The Beginning of Social Life (Y)Eliahu Ben-Shlomo475
The Chmielnik Zionists (H)Avraham Pinchevski479
The Turning Point (H)Binyamin Simchoni-Friedman483
The “Ivriya” (H)Dvora Abramovits-Simchoni485
Zionism in Chmielnik and Immigration to Israel (H)Tsadok Kanertsuker489
The Accusations of the Professional Sewing Union (Y)Shlomo Neiman497
The Library - A Center for Socializing (H)Ya'acov Friedman501
The City Council (Y)Avraham Pinchevski507
Between Two World Wars (Y)Yosef Kleinert511
The Worries of a Yiddish Shtetl (Y)Moshe Kleinboim515
The Charity Fund (Y)Moshe Zonshein517
Our Drama Club (Y)Motl Goldlist 525
The Synagogues (H)M. S. Geshori531
Study and Prayer (Y)Mordechai Gutman541
Rabbinical Disputes (Y)Mordechai Freidnsan545
Rabbinical Disputes in the Press (Y) 551
Educational Facilities (Y)Moshe Zonshein553
Yitschak Aspis and his School (Y)Mordechai Zohar565
Religious Institutions (Y)Moshe Zonshein567
The General Zionist Youth Organization “Hatchiya”(Y)Shmuel Unger571
The Beginning of the Mizrachi Movement (H)M. S. Geshori577
The Mizrachi Movement (Y)Yehoshua Shteinfeld581
Leftwing Poalei Tsion (Y)Eliahu Bahiri585
The Beginning of Hashomer Hatsair (H)Aryeh Veinberg595
Hashomer Hatsair in the years 1929-1939 (H)Ya'acov Roit597
One Summer Camp (H)Rachel Mali599
Ongoing Activity (H)Meir Mali605
Poalei Tsion - Tseirei Tsion (The Young Zionists) (H)H. Nirnberg, M. Goldlist, K. Unger609
Brit Hatsohar and Betar (H)Moshe Zohari623
Controversy Among the Zionist Groups (Y)Mordechai Ben-Baruch631
Agudat-Yisrael (Y)Perets Pasternak 635

Destruction and Holocaust

The Jews of Chmielnik Under Nazi Rule (Y)Dr. Yosef Karmish653
The Official Magistrate's Order Concerning the Destruction of Jewish Chmielnik (Y & P) 693
Thus Our Town Was Destroyed (H) - a testimony 697
To My Father (Y) - a poemV. Hershkop700
The Years of the Holocaust (H)Yisrael Feingold703
I Hear the Cry (Y) - a poemYankl Rosenblum710
Statements from Witnesses (Y)1. Yechiel & Kalman Mape713
2. Tseshe Diamant719
The Years of Hitler's Occupation (Y)Menashe Montsazsh725
The Arrival of the Germans (Y)Menachem Mali-Zeira733
A “Quiet” Day (Y)Zelig Friedman737
The First Casualties (Y)Yehoshua Shteinfeld741
Attempted Opposition (Y)Dr. Z. Lederman743
The First Deportation (Y)Alter Shteinfeld745
The 72 Survivors of the First Deportation (Y)Arthur & Mary Kleinhendler747
One Roundup to the Next (Y)Ya'acov Lemberg751
From Bunker to Bunker (Y)Yitschak Goldlist755
The Struggle for Survival (Y)Rivka Sametband-Mali761
On the Aryan side (Y)Miriam Miodovnik-Reich773
With the Dead Face to Face (Y)Motl Zonshein791
In a Hiding Place in Chmielnik (Y)Yosef Kleinert809
The Struggle for my Family's Survival (Y)Alte Shorr823
Chmielnikers in the Kielce “Hasag” Labour Camp (Y)Kalman Mape837
Chmielnikers in Skarzshisk Camp (Y)Freide Mape-Zonshein843
My Brother Velvl's Death in Skarzshisk (Y)Zelig Friedman849
In the Concentration Camp in Germany (Y)Sarah Zilberberg-Kleinhendler851
With the Partisans in the Chmielnik Area (Y)Moshe Kvashnievski855
With the Polish Army from Ravena until Berlin (Y)Nachum Mali861
In the Soviet Camps (Y)Yisrael Veiman873
My Wartime Wanderings in Russia (Y)Bentsion Veitsman879
From Ander's Army to the Ranks of Etzel (IZ”L) (Y)Efraim Goldshtein891
My Participation in the French Underground (Y)Moshe Gorgel903
Three Times I Bid Farewell to Chmielnik (Y)Hershl Kaminsky911
Return to Poland After the War (Y)Yosef Kantor921
The Chmielnik Victims of the Kielcer Pogrom (Y)Yisrael Turkeltoib925
Shmuel Veinberg - A Victim of the Kielcer Pogrom (Y)Chaya Rozenblum-Frucht929
Alter Greenboim (Albert) - A Postwar Victim (Y) 931
The Tragic Death of Ruchama Zaltsman (Y)Sarah Kerbel933
Nostalgic Thoughts of Home (Y)Chana Goldstein-Konichovsky937
In Chmielnik in 1956 (Y)Naftali Kanertsuker939
In Death Did They Bequeath Us Life:
        Chmielnikers Who Fell in the War of Independence (H & Y)
 945 & 961

Chmielnikers Worldwide

The First Chmielnikers in Israel (H)Shmuel Yutshenka945
The First Aliya from Chmielnik (Y)Avraham Vigodny971
Our First Memorial Day (Y)Moshe Zohari-Zonshein975
The Chmielnik Association in Israel - “Irgun Yotsei Chmielnik” (Y)Moshe Zohari-Zonshein979
Chmielnikers Serving the State of Israel (Y) 991
With Chmielnikers in America (Y)Moshe Leizer Mintz997
The United Chmielniker Aid Committee in America (Y)Yosef Rosenberg & Hershl Machtinger1011
Contact with Chmielnik - letters (Y) 1021
Father and Son - Yosef and Kalman Freidman (Y) 1033
Longing for Chmielnik - 2 songsMoshe Leizer Mintz1035
Harav Avraham-Aharon Price (H) 1037
The Chmielniker Organization in Canada (Y)Ya'acov Friedman1039
The Chmielniker Charitable Organization in Argentina (Y) 1053
The Activities of the Chmielnik Organization in Paris (Y)Charles Deitelboim1059

Addresses of Chmielnikers Around the World

Israel 1073
America 1081
Brazil 1089
Canada 1091
Buenos Aires 1093
Paris 1095

Obituaries to Memorialize the Martyrs by Their Families

Israel 1101
America 1213
Canada 1257
Argentina 1273
France 1289
The End, but not Complete – Afterward from the Editor (Y)Efraim Shedletski1301
Table of Contents 1305

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