Book of Lida
(Lida, Belarus)

53°53' / 25°18'

Translation of Sefer Lida

Edited by: Alexander Manor, Itzchak Ganusovitch, Aba Lando
Member of the Editorial Board: Eliyahu Damesek

Published in Tel Aviv, 1970


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Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

Irene Newhouse

Our sincere appreciation to Chaim Basist, of the Lida Society of Israel,
for permission to put this material on the JewishGen web site.

This is a translation from: Sefer Lida (Book of Lida),
editors: Alexander Manor, Itzchak Ganusovitch, Aba Lando, Tel-Aviv,
Former residents of Lida in Israel and the Committee of Lida Jews in USA, 1970.
(438 pages, Hebrew, Yiddish, English)


This material is made available by JewishGen, Inc. and the Yizkor Book Project for the purpose of
fulfilling our mission of disseminating information about the Holocaust and destroyed Jewish communities.
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Sefer Lida

Table of Contents

Note: Letters in parenthesis indicate language each chapter was written in, as follows:
(e) - English     (h) - Hebrew     (y) - Yiddish

Introduction (e)

IV

My Lida Heritage (e) - Sol Feinstone

V

The German Occupation (e) - E. Damesek

VIII

Lida and its environs

 

    Map of the District

3

    Map of the City

4-5

Lida through generations (h) - History of the city and its Jewish Community - A. Lando

15

The sentence of seven Jewish community leaders in Lida 20

To the history of Jewish Lida during the period of restored Poland (h) - J. Ganazowitch

56

Lida and its environs (h) - Z. Vinogradov

73

Jewish Family Names of Residents of Lida and Its Neighborhood (h) - Itchak Ganuz (Ganuzowitsch)

75

Economic life of Jewish Lida before World War I (y) - A. Gelman

83

In the days of World War I (h) - Mrs. Y. Guinzburg (Boyarsky)

86

Memories of the First World War (y) - Moshe Ganuzowitsch

86

Remembrances from the First World War (y) - Moshe Ganuzowitsch

86

 

 

CENTER OF LEARNING

 

Rabbis and Religious Teachers (h) - A. Lando

89

R. Yitzhak Yakov Reines (h) - A. Lando

94

Rabbi Aaron Rabinovitz of Blessed Memory (h) - R. Avigdor Tzipershtine

98

R. Aron Rabinovitch - Rabbi of Lida (y) - Mrs. Henia Rabinovitch

100

To the History of the Yeshibah (h) - M. Tsinvitch

104

The Yeshibah of Lida (h) - S. Zack

106

One of the Nation's Leaders (h) - Dr. H. L. Gordon

111

The "Yiloui" R. Shlomo Poltcheck (h) - Dr. H. L. Gordon

113

Innovator and Activist (h) - R. Meir Berlin

115

"The little Horodishtchian" (h) - R. A. Rabinovitch

116

R. Yithak Takov Reines -- founder of the "Mizrahi" Organization (h) - R. Y. L. Hakohen

117

The Great Yeshivah (h) - P. Shifman

117

The restless man - M. Kahan

118

Sayings of R. Yitshak Takov Raines (h) - M.Hinitch

119

Biography of the "Yiloui" of Meitchut (h) - M. Goldberg

122

"Tish'a Be'Av"" at the house of Rabbi Yitshak Yakov Raines (h) - D. Vinogradov

125

Close to R. Yitzhak Yakov Reines (h) - D. Aloni

 126

Influence of the Yeshibah on the life of the city (h) - J. Ben-Sira

128

Reminiscences of former students of the Yeshibah (h) - L.-G.

130

The Lida Yeshiva (y) - Nakhum Khinutz

131

R. Mordechai Shmukler (h) - Avram Hakoben Eliav

134

 

 

FOLKLORE, MODE OF LIVING

 

Memories (y) - Yakov Ilutovitch

137

Lida at the beginning of the 20th century (h) - J. Youdelvitch

145

Common people (h) - M. Evensky

149

Everday life and holidays in Lida (h) - H. J. Argov

153

In an atmosphere of learning and enlightenment (h) - H. Amitay

156

Hebrew in Lida (h) - A. Lando

157

The Hebrew school (h) - workshop of the nation's soul - L. Ettinger

165

My teachers and my schoolmates at the "Tarbuth" school (h) - I. Ganuzovitch

168

Singing, theatrical performances etc. (y) - A. Lando

170

Sights of the town (h) - I. Ganuzovitch

179

Charitable institutions (h) - A. Lando

182

"Beth Lehem: (y) - J. Levine

185

T.O.Z. (O.Z.E.) Institutions (y) - J. Ganuzovitch

186

TOZ in Lida (y) - H. Jijemsky

187

Fires and firemen (y) - A. Lando

189

The fire brigade (y) - A. Guelman

192

The butchers' synagogue (y) - T. Tsigelnitsky

193

Reb Eliyoe the carpenter ("Tsheshler") (h) - J. Ganuzovitch

194

"Tyf'ereth Bahourim" association and synagogue (h) - I. Ganuzovitch

195

Common folk (h) - M. Amitay

197

Moshke the orphan (h) - I. Iloutovitch

199

Melameds and Kheders (y) - Yehudit Ganuzovitsch

200

Moshke - the "Pourim Player" (h) - I. Ganuzovitch

201

Lida Drunkards (y) - A. L.

202

 

 

FOLKLORE AND LANGUAGE

 

Games of Jewish children in Lida (h) - I. Ganuzovitch

203

Linguistic localisms from Lida and district (h) - I. Ganuzovitch

211

Odd bits of Lida folklore and humour (y) - A. Lando

216

Means and ways of "expelling fright" and an evil eye (h) - I. Ganuzovitch

219

 

 

ON THE WAY TO ZION AND ZION AS WAY

 

"Aliyah" to Eretz-Israel from Lida (h) - A. Lando

221

To the history of youth movements in Lida (h) - A. Polatchek

229

The cell of "Hashomer Hatzair" (h) - L. S. Vinogradov

234

Jewish Youth in Lida (h) - B.Z. Volah

239

League for the "Working Eretz-Israel" (h) - A. Guelman

240

The "Betar" movement (h) - M. Aronovitch

242

The cell of "Betar" in Lida (h) - S. Mikoulitzki

242

Mr. father (h) - Z. Shiff

245

"Hehalutz" in Lida (h) - J. Bankover

246

List of Lida immigrants in Israel

414

"Hakhshara" Kibboutz in Lida (h) - A. Gelman

247

"Hehalutz" movement in Lida (h) - M. Orzechovski

249

"Hehalutz Hatzair" (h) - A. Bassist

252

In the ranks of "Hehalutz Hatzair" - Z. Berezovsky

252

 

 

DYING OF A CITY

 

The Soviet occupation (h) - E. Damessek

255

First underground (h) - Z. Evienski

256

At the time of Soviet occupation (h) - M. Youngman (Slonimtchek)

258

We did not give up (h) - J. Pupko

259

The spoiled hymn (h) - I. Ganutzovitch

261

Lida, there was such a town (song) (y) - Th. Pupko

263

In the Birkha (Flight) Routes - I. Solovietchik

264

The Russian occupation (y) - S. Shiff (Rubinsvitch)

265

Pages of an exile (h) - I. Ganuzovitch

270

From Lida to Vilna (y) - Z. Bielig

276

First Flames (h) - A. Movshovitch

 279

The German occupation (h) - E. Damesek

281

Life in the Lida ghetto (h) - D. S. Amarant

288

In the Lida Ghetto (y) - I. Rubinsvitch

301

How We Saved Ourselves and Remained Alive (y) - H. Movshovitch (Zafran)

302

Between life and death (h) - F. Bialobroda

303

In the flames of destruction (h) - N. Kamienietzky

304

To the events of March 1, 1942 (h) - M. Youngman (Slonimtchik)

306

The murderer of Jews, Leopold Windisch (h) - Dr. S. Remigulsky

306

Reminiscences from the Lida Ghetto (y) - N. Mudrick

307

Destinies of a Jewish boy (h) - E. M. Pupko

309

The story told by Sioma and Mrs. Pupko

311

In the Face of Death (h) - A. Bassist

313

The last way (y) - R. Ozzechovsky (Orcher)

314

 

 

THE LAST FIGHT

 

The struggle for life (y) - I. Kaplan

317

My Sad Journey [My Tragic Journey?] (y) - M. Reznik

320

From the Ghetto to the partisans in the woods (y) - L. Engelstern

325

The Battle of the Partisan Reuben Rubenstein (y) - Yakov Druck

343

My way to the woods - M. Youngman (Slonimtchik)

345

The wanderings of a Jewish partisan (h) - D. L. Berkovitch

347

In the ranks of the partisans (y) - B. Baran

348

"He will render vengeance to his adversaries" (h) - F. Bialobroda

351

A printery in the wood (h) - E. Damesek

354

David Boyarsky (h) - I. Ganuzovitch

357

From the war of the partisans to the War of Independence (h) - D. Boyarsky

357

The partisan Leib Orzechovsky (h) - M. A. Guer

362

My way to the partisans (y) - Y. Reznik

363

My way to the partisans (y) - M. Reznik

367

On the front (y) - I. Rubinovitch

373

Lida in the literary works of J. Goldo (B. Gorin) (h) - J. Ganuzowitch

142

 

 

ON THE RUINS OF THE CITY

 

A visit to Lida after the destruction (y) - M. Youngman (Slonimtchik)

374

My arrival after the destruction (y) - E. Damessek

375

Back in my birth town (y) - K. Sopotnicky (Kreyer)

377

After the destruction (y) - S. Shiff (Rubinovitch)

379

Liquidation of the Jewish cemetery (h) - I. Rubinovitch

381

The monument on the grave of the victims of Lida (h) - I. Rubinovitch

382

 

 

THE TRIAL

 

The murderers before the tribunal (h) - A. Lando

383

The trial of the German murderers (y) - Z. Arlouk

384

 

 

LIDA EMIGRANTS

 

The United Lider Relief in U.S.A. (h) - K. Orzechovsky

386

To the history of Jewish emigration from Lida to U.S.A. (h) - A. Lando

387

Michael Evensky (h) - Z. Evensky

389

Jacob Dvoretzky (h) - A. Lando

389

Days of anxiety and grief (h) - A. Lando

391

Organization of Lida emigrants in Israel (h) - A. Lando

392

 

 

MEN OF MARK

 

S.L. Gordon (Sh. L. G.) (h) - I. Ganuzovitch

398

Pinhas Shifman (Ben Sira) (h) - A. Lando

398

Kopelovitch (h) - A. Lando

399

M. Guelman

399

R. Itshak Yeroukhmanov (h) - A. Lando

399

My teacher, R. Joseph Epstein (“Trikeler”) (h) - A. Bassist

401

Lichtman the teacher (y) - Paves

401

R. Israel Aron Shelubsky (h) - A. Lando

402

R. Shlomo Podolsky (h) - A. Lando

404

Joseph Darshon (h) - A. Lando

405

Mordecai Dov Yudlevitz of blessed memory (h) - A. Lando

406

Avraham (Abrasha) Steinberg of blessed memory (y) - A. Guelman

406

 

 

IN MEMORY OF FALLEN SOLDIERS

 

Reuven Kopelowicz (y)

407

"Help the People" (poem) (y) - R. Kopelovtich

407

Officer Ariye Tchertok (h)

407

Ithak Spokolny (h)

407

Ariye Dobkovsky (h)

407

With Shaul Furman ("Hagaglili", "Arnon") (h) - Z. Evensky

408

Shaoul Furman ("Hagalili") (h) - S. Mikulitzky

409

Omri Arlav (H) - A. Lando

410

Shaul Zehavi (h) - S. Snovsky

411

Dr. Moshe-Yerahmiel Ben-Sira (h)

412

Moshe Rosenhaus (h) - Eli

413

Dov Eilath - Lea Eilath

413

List of the perished

414

 

 

List of Photographs

 


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