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List of Names and Addresses

[Note: These addresses were correct when this Yizkor book was produced, about 1982.]
[Editor Note, 2001: None of the phone numbers listed in Israel are correct any longer - BSB]

In the following list of Libauers we have placed the names in alphabetical order according to the original according to the original surnames, as we knew them half a century ago. Most of the women are married and their present names are unknown to their former friends. Some men have hebraized or anglicized their names.

There were also difficulties in spelling: is it Yakobson, Jakobson or Jacobson? Is it Sacks, Sachs or Zacks? etc., etc. Kindly check the different possibilities.

Finally, not all the addresses are correct, nor is the list complete. As we plan to issue an additional list in the future we would appreciate if you would put in your corrections and additions. Also in this list we included only a small number of Libauers living in Russia. This, too, needs completion.

LIST OF NAMES AND ADDRESSES

Previous Name         Present Name   Address
Adler, Tania          Milstein       BAT YAM, 55 Katzenelson, Tel.03-872271
Adler, Wolf                          ASHKELON, 64/706 Hatayasim, Afridar 78475,
                                        Tel. 051-22535
Aronstam, Shura       Finkelstein,   CANADA, 606 Willowdale, Ontario, 
                      Shifra         6151 Bathurst St., Apt. 8B
Asteik, Frieda        Charmetz       HAIFA, 39 Pevsner, Tel. 04-526596
Averbuch, Mura        Schafir        PETAH TIKVA, 8 Gordon, Tel.03-914648
Barkan, Avraham                      KIRYAT BIALIK, Sabinia, Tel.04-713847
Barkan, Reuven                       HAIFA, 15 Tchernichovsky, Tel.04-525344
Baron, Rosa           Russinek       JERUSALEM, Ramat Eshkol, Rassco 154/7,
                                        Tel. 02-886192
Baron, Shmuel                        TEL AVIV, 1 Korolenko, Tel.03-229976
Baskin, Zilla                        HAIFA, 17 Kaf-Chet, Tel.04-32677
Bassman, Abraham                     BNEI BRAK, 5 Yehonatan, Tel.03-784198
Bassman, Mali         Petrokovsky    KVUTZAT KINNERET, Tel. 067-565
Bassman, Shoshana     Belkind        DEGANIA A', D.N. Emek Hayarden,Tel.067-58111
Bengis, Ben-Zion                     HAIFA, 11 Harav Kaniel, Tel. 04-660508
Bengis, Chassia       Penner, Assia  USA, Syracuse, NY 13224, 915 Crawford Av.
Bengis, Teresa        Dogim          TEL AVIV, 137 Haifa Rd., Tel.03-450570
Bengis, Zvi                          NETANYA, 7 Kish, Tel. 053-22721
Berg, Ruth            Kirk           USA, Bronx, NY 10463, 290 W. 236 St.
Berkovitz, Isa                       TEL AVIV, Tel. 03-440876
Berkovitz, Masha      Gutermann      RISHON LEZION, 84 Rothschild, Tel.03-99969
Berkovitz, Miriam     Guterman       RISHON LEZION, 34 Rothschild, Tel.03-942435
Berkovitz, Rosa       Garfinkel      RISHON LEZION, 5 Hazayit, Tel.03-940177
Bermann, Jack S.                     USA, Belle Harbor, NY 11694, 173 Beach
                                        128th St.
Berman, Shevach                      RISHON LEZION, 5/5 Yalag
Bermann, Tamara       Friedmann      HOLON, 31 Ramat Hagolan
Binder, Helene        Berkowitz      NETANYA, 101 Kiryat Nordau, Tel.053-53210
Birk, Taube                          TEL AVIV, 18 Almagor, Tel. 03-493768
Blaushild, Gamliel                   KFAR BLUM, D.N. Hagalil Haelyon
                                        Tel. 067-44706
Blaushild, Immanuel                  ZAHALA, 43 Shamgar, Tel. 03-474622
Blaushild, Jemimah    Ribak          KIBBUTZ KFAR BLUM, D.N. Hagalil Haelyon
                                        Tel. 067-48511
Blaushild, Shulamit                  KIBBUTZ NAAN, Tel. 08-459971/2599
Blechman, Feivel                     TEL AVIV, Ganei Tikva, 35/9 Harama
Blechman, Zelma       Stumpf         USA, 166th St, Providence, RI 02906
Blumberg, David                      HAIFA, Neve Sha'anan, 37 Hatichon
Blumberg, Leon                       TEL AVIV, 14 Bergson, Tel.03-410177
Blumenthal, Adolph C.                S.A., POB 5043, Johannesburg 2000
Blumenthal, Joseph    Tal            RAMAT GAN, 11 Hamelacha, Tel.03-728550
Blumenthal, Leo (Arie)               TEL AVIV, 118/a Ben Yehuda, Tel.03-243591
Blumenthal, Isaac                    S.A., Brakpan 1540, Johannesburg, POB 150
                                        17 Olga St.
Blumenthal, Sophia    Zinn           TEL AVIV, 19 Zamenhof, Tel. 03-240034
Blumenthal, Yedidia                  S.A., Johannesburg, c/o "The Jewish Herald"
Blumstein, Sydney                    ENGLAND, 5 South Lodge Grove End Rd.
                                        London NW 8
Blumstein, Sioma                     USA, 884 West End Av. New York, NY 10025
Bob, Sonia            Vishnaretz     GIV'ATAYIM, 67/5 Katzenelson, Tel.03-729295
Borok, Ruvi                          USA, 185 Mediterranean Dr. Apt 38, 
                                        Boston, Weymouth, MA 02188
Brauer, Max (Mendke)                 CANADA, 4472 Kingston Av., Montreal,
                                        Quebec H4A 2GA
Brauer, Sarah         Abir           RAMAT GAN, 39 Smadar, Tel. 03-798597
Brenner, Leah         Weissbart      GIV'ATAYIM, 6 Hama'or, Tel. 03-313961
Brickman, Ethel       Segal          RAMAT GAN, 8 Habakuk, Tel. 03-749245
Brickman, Mordecai                   GIV'ATAYIM, 3 Rachel, Tel. 03-322573
Brilowitz, Reuven                    HERZLIA, 21 Hanadiv, Tel. 052-83158
Brown, Louise                        USA, 3400 N. Knoxville, Apt B2, 
                                        Peoria, IL 61603
Bruskin, Dr.                         USA, 1769 Asylum St, West Hartford, CT
Bruskin, Liuba        Schoffman      KIBBUTZ GIV'AT CHAIM/Ichud
Brutzkus, Kroza   Linsitzky, Carmela BEER SHEVA, 5 Zalman Shazar
Chanukaef, Daniel     Hafrey         USA, 7008 Amy Ln, Bethesda, MD 20817
Chandler, Riva                       CANADA, 5147 Montclair, Montreal, Quebec,
                                        H4V ZKQ (c/o Cilla Kaminsky)
Damye, Jack                          USA, 1026 E. 23rd St, Brooklyn, NY 11229
Dannenberg, Jascha                   HOLON, 39/8 Yud Alef Hadar, Tel.03-840812
Dannenberg, Sarah     Farkash        HOLON, 27/3 Haportzim, Tel. 03-844723
Dattel, Aharon                       NETANIA, 25 Yehuda Halevi, Tel.053-37282
Dimand, Chaim         Yahalom        KIBBUTZ EIN GEV, D.N. Emek Hayarden
Dimant, Uri           Yahalom        GIV'ATAYIM, 35 Golomb, Tel. 03-317889
Dimant, Rivka         Tuchmann       HAIFA, 7 Aliyah (Bat Galim) Tel.04-538189
Diner, Sarah                         RAMAT GAN, Old Age Home
Diner, Zvi                           RAMAT GAN, 9 Le'an, Tel. 03-729791
Dorbian, Cyrla        Elefant        BRAZIL, Copacabana, Rio de Janeiro,
                                        Rua Domingos Ferreira 34/902
Dorbian, Harry                       USA, 31-14 Marlot Av, Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
Dorbian, Riva         Erlich         USA, 5-17 Eugene St, Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
Droushtam, Jetty                     USA, 483 Ocean Pkwy, 6J, Brooklyn, NY 11218
Duchin, Bluma         Shemer         TEL AVIV, 19 Soutine, Tel. 03-241175
Duft, Hermann                        W. GERMANY, 1 Berlin, Schlangenbaserstr.,
                                        12E/99
Edelstein, Riva & Moshe              NEVE SHARETT, 22 Almagor, Tel.03-491894
Edelstein, Cilla      Kaminsky       CANADA, 5147 Montclair, Montreal, Quebec
                                        H4V ZKQ
Edelstone, Chaim                     CANADA, 5147 Montclair, Montreal, Quebec
                                        H4V ZKQ (c/o Cilla Kaminsky)
Eiduth, Ada           Kiel           KFAR SABA, 7/9 Tapuz, Tel.052-29077
Eilan, Arieh                         USA, 429 Ocean Dr. West, Stenford, CT 06902
Eisenstadt, Milka     Wolf           TEL AVIV, 14 Yellin, Tel. 03-450235
Ellinson, Mali        Kohn           AUSTRALIA, Caulfield, 497 Hathorn Rd.
Ellinson, Sima        Greenfield     AUSTRALIA, Toorak, Victoria 3142,
                                        Melbourne, 5/16 Wooringoleen Rd.
Elishevitz, Yitzhak   Elyashiv       NAHARIA, 10/2a Hamaginim, Tel. 04-925518
Ellinson, Milia       Hercenberg     USA, 8604 Farrel Ct, Chevy Chase, MD 20015
Elkis, Barbara                       USA, 202 Mason Terr, Brooklyn, MA 02146
Ende, Frieda & Harry                 USA, Jackson Heights, NY 11370 (c/o Jenny
                                        Lipkin - 31-01 82nd St.).
Epstein, Chaim                       HAIFA, 1 Masada, Tel. 04-661658
Epstein, Mendel                      JERUSALEM, 7 Ramot, Tel. 02-861211
Erlich, David                        USA, 5-17 Eugene St, Fairlawn, NY 07410
Faktor, Riva          Kuzka          FRANCE, Villejuif 94800, 27 rue Lamartine 21/1
Feigenson, Sioma                     RISHON LEZION, 3/20 Jabotinsky, Tel.03-992274
Feitelberg, Allan                    USA, 1504 Descio Way, Belmount, CA 94002
Feldhun, Gitta        Ritberg        GIV'ATAYIM, 20 Bet Hasho'eva, Tel.03-735488
Feldhuhn, Leon                       USA, 817 10th St, Santa Monica, CA 90403
Feldhuhn, Shlomo                     GIV'ATAYIM, 26 Sireni, Tel. 03-320576
Feldhuhn, Raphael     Field          SOUTH AFRICA, Port Elizabeth, 
                                        1-7 Summerstrand Ave.
Figerson, Solomon                    RISHON LEZION, 3/20 Jabotinsky
Finkelstein, Alexander               TEL AVIV, 18 Visotzky, Tel. 03-457214
Finkelstein, Judith   Kabalkin       HAIFA, 59 Ha'um Blvd, Tel. 04-52796
Fischer-Kahn, Leah    Levinson       KIBBUTZ NEGBA, Tel. 051-21747
Fischer, Yehiel       Schafir        HOLON, 16 Havered, Tel. 03-880333
Flaks, Ben                           ZIMBABWE, Bulawayo, POB 491
Fleischman, Paula     Langfer        TEL AVIV, 150/50 Hhagana Rd, Tel.03-392106
Foss, Karl                           USA, 90 Stare Dr, Narragansett, RI 02882
Friedland, Arvid      Rudi,Avrinam   MOSHAV BEN AMI, D.N. Hagalil Hama'aravi
Friedland, Shmuel                    RISHPON, Tel. 052-70752
"Fritz"
Friedman, Esther      Gil'adi        HOLON, 4 Hatabor, Tel. 03-847827
Friedman, Fruma                      BAT YAM, 11 Rambam, Tel. 03-680132
Friedman, Rosa        Galitzky       RAMAT GAN, 35 St. Hakongress, Tel.03-741185
Fundiler, Yehuda      Padan          NEVE OFEKA, 14 Leah, Tel. 03-482043
Funkelstein, Danny    Rey            USA, 8 Granville Av, Los Angeles, CA 90025
Gadlon, Zilla         Weinstein      TEL AVIV, 1 Yehudit Blvd, Tel. 03-267493
Gafanovitz, Anna      Hackel         EF'AL, 9/15 Kiryat Segal
Garfinkel, Pauline    Reichel        KFAR GIL'ADI, D.N. Hagalil Ha'elyon
Gdalin, Esther        Weinstein      HERZLIA, 8 Hahistadrut, Tel. 052-550762
Geller, Genia & Lev                  KFAR SABA, Shikun Tekuma 16 Gimmel
Genton, Chava         Gilead         GIV'ATAYIM, 21 Borochov, Tel. 03-729261
Genton, Joseph                       GIV'ATAYIM, 14 Keren Kayemeth, Tel.03-311877
Gersony, George                      USA, 20 W. 77th St, New York, NY 10024
Glaser, Liova         Shamir         KIRYAT TIV'ON, 19 Hazipornim, Tel.04-931534
Glaser, Shmuel                       JERUSALEM, 6 Dorot Rishonim, Tel.02-223738
Glazer, David                        USA, Gretna, 1909 Faith Pl. Apt. B, 
                                        Los Angeles, CA 90053
Glazer, Dr.                          TEL AVIV, 15 Frishman
Glickman, Leah        Keinan         ZAHALA, 25 Shamgar, Tel. 03-476556
Goldberg, George                     USA, 11801 Rockville Pike, Apt. 812,
                                        Rockville, MD 20852
Goldberg, Hermann                    TEL AVIV, 27 Almagor, Tel. 03-472248
Goldberg, Leopold                    WEST GERMANY, Krefeld, Windmuehlenstr.
                                        124 (c/o Michael Gilad)
Goldblatt, Lialia     Hesselton      AUSTRALIA, 8 Balclava Rd, East St. Kilda,
                                        Melbourne 3183
Goldfein, Anna        Eiges          JERUSALEM, 4 Zeruyah, Tel. 02-719116
Goldfein, Marcus                     JERUSALEM, 52/a Uruguay, Tel.02-415822
Goldfein, Max                        JERUSALEM, Soldiers' Welfare Office
Gottschalk, Dr. A.                   FRANCE, 92200 Neuilly s/Seine, 
                                        50 rue Jacques Dulud
Greenfield, Sophy                    SHEDEMA, D.N. Emek Sorek, Tel. 055-91183
Gorfinkel, Sarah & Kelly             USA, 850 E. 17th St, Brooklyn, NY 11230
Gottschalk, Assi      Arnsdorf       USA, 3625 First Av, No. 37 Mirador,
                                        San Diego, CA 92103
Grinfeld, Yitzhak                    TEL AVIV, 7 Grizim, Tel. 03-462429
Gruenfeld, George                    BRAZIL, Sao Paulo, Rua Sao Vicente 
                                        de Paulo, 707-71, Cep. 01229
Gruenfeld, Mary       Rotenberg      RAMAT GAN, 146 Haro'eh, Tel. 03-748747
Gruenfeld, Nelly      Paraezo        BRAZIL, Sao Paulo, Rua Cancieneiro de
                                        Ervora, 174-66, Cep. 04708
Gurewitz, Minna                      KIRYAT YAM, 14/15 Tabor, Tel. 04-756705
Gurvics, Israel       Hurwitz        103 "Costa Brava", 299 Beach Road, Sea Point,
  (Chaim-Yisroel)                       Cape Town, South Africa  8001. Age: 87
                                        (1997);Emigrated to S.Africa in 1928
                                        Tel. No: +27 21 5104826  or +27 21 4392942
                                        (This name not in original book; added by
                                        Harry Hurwitz, hhurwitz@netmedia.net.il)
Gutchinsky, Ruth                     HOLON, 16/10 Baratz, Tel. 03-846725
Gutman, Eva & Rudy                   USA, 105 N. Fredericksburg Av, Ventor, NJ
                                        08406
Gurwitz, Fanny        Segal          NES ZIONA, 1 Chana Senesj, Tel.03-316690
Gutmann, Hedda        Plaster        RAMAT HASHARON, 24 Lamerchav, Tel.03-472264
Gutmann, Rivka        Shnipper       ASHDOD YAAKOV/Ihud, Tel 067-56448
Gutman, Ruth          Edelstein      USA, 1375 E. 101 St, Brooklyn, NY 11236
Gutman, Sarah         Edelstein      AKKO, 42 Mordecai Anilewitz
Gutman, Selva         Rosenstein     REGBA, D.N. Ashrat
Hackel, Shleime                      SOUTH AFRICA, Highland North, Johannesburg,
                                        477 Louis Botha Av.
Hackel, Shmuel (Mule)                EF'AL, 9/15 Kiryat Segal
Hackel, Ella & Yitzhak               RISHON LEZION, 5/4 Neeman, Tel.03-999969
Havelson, Aisik                      REHOVOT, 32/9 Hahagana, Tel. 03-492193
Heiman, Leah          Albert         RISHON LEZION, 2 Emile Zola, Tel.03-993476
Heimann, Isser                       TEL AVIV, 79 Ha'universita, Tel.02-418648
Heller, Joseph                       RAMAT GAN, 6 Mevo Arieh, Tel. 03-721077
Hellman, Rosa                        USA, 312 S. Rexford Dr, Beverly Hills, CA
                                        90212
Hellman, Lasha        Zohar Laser    RAANANA, 195 Kiryat Sharett, Tel.052-445314
Herzenberg, Bernard                  USA, 8604 Farrel Ct, Chevy Chase, MD 20815
(Zusske)
Herzfeld, Ella        Hackel         RISHON LEZION, 5/4 Naaman, Tel.03-999969
Hershitz, Selma & Boris              USA, 122 Langham St, Brooklyn, NY 11235
Hirman, Rachel                       USA, 165 W. 91st St, Apt 7C, New York, NY
                                        10024
Hirschfeld, Frieda    Ende           USA, 2229 93rd St, Jackson Hts, NY 11369
Hirschfeld, Lucia     Lipton         AUSTRALIA, 4/29a Hampden Rd, Armadale,
                                        Melbourne 3143
Hirschhorn, Girsh                    BAT YAM, 15/40 Mivtsa Sinai
Hirschhorn, Hella & Louis            USA, 19006 69th Ave., #D New York, NY 11365
Hirschhorn, Shimon    Sharon         KIBBUTZ ASHDOD YAAKOV/Ichud
Hoffman, Batya        Levy, Betty    AUSTRALIA, 51/4 Sydney Av, Armadale
                                        Victoria 3143
Hurwitz, Harry                       JERUSALEM, 10/3 Saadia Ga'on, Tel.02-669544
Ilion, Immanuel                      TEL AVIV, 111 Rothschild Blvd.
Immerman, Aharon                     KIRYAT CHAIM, 5/7 Warburg
Isaakson, Eugene      Gottschalk     W GERMANY, 4770 Soest, Freilirath Wall 12B
Isackson, Jenny       Weiss          USA, 42-11 Union St, Fairlawn, NJ 07410
Issachari, Dr. Myron                 ZAHALA, 3 Shoshanim, Tel. 03-471797
Itzikson, Sonia       Navon          GIV'ATAYIM, 36 Zahal, Tel. 03-319007
Jacobson, Fanny       Koffler        KIBBUTZ GIV'AT CHAIM
Jacobson, Feivush                    KFAR GILEADI, D.N. Hagalil Ha'elyon
Jacobson, Lilly       Shapiro        RAANANA, 8 Migdal, Tel. 052-225513
Jacobson, Raya        Segal          TEL AVIV, Neve Sharett, 18a Rama 
                                        Tel. 03-484998
Jacobson, Shmuel      Ben Yakov      TEL AVIV, 21 Cremieux, Tel. 03-244864
Jakobson, Alexander                  FRANCE, 47 rue de Solitaires, 75017 Paris
Jakobson, Bobka       Ben Yaakov     KFAR YEHOSHUA
Jakobson, David                      TEL MOND, Hadekel
Jakobson, Jochi       Torbin         USA, 64-61 Saunders St, Rego Park, NY 11374
Jakobson, Judith      Himmelfarb     TEL AVIV, 2 Glickson, Tel. 03-284905
Jakobson, Wulf                       SOUTH AFRICA, 7420 Paarden Island, 
                                        Capetown, P.O.B. 414
Jakobson, Iska     Ben Yaakov, Ishai TEL MOND, Tel. 052-61331
Jakobson, Fanny                      NES ZIONA, 9/5 Etzel, Tel. 08-471869
Jakobson, Israel      Segela         REHOVOT, 8 Eisenberg, Tel. 08-461235
Jakobson, Lea                        YAFFO, 142/6 Yefet
Jakobson, Yehuda      Yaakobi        TEL AVIV, 11 Feivel, Tel. 03-252798
Joffe, Benno                         ITALY, Genova, Villa Delverme 33/10 
                                        (Quinto 10/66)
Joffe, Debora         Danziger       FRANCE, Cannes, 109 Croisette
Joffe, Ella                          JERUSALEM, Ben Yehuda 27, Tel. 02-221645
Joffe, Ezra                          TEL AVIV, 9 Antokolsky, Tel. 03-244510
Joffe, Mary                          JERUSALEM, 27 Ben Yehuda, Tel. 02-221645
Joffe, Wolf (Zeev)                   TEL AVIV, 46 Yehoshua Bin Nun, Tel.03-446342
Johansen, Knud                       DENMARK, Copenhagen 2100, Hofgartsgaden 
                                        7/2nd fl.
Judelowitz, Bezalel   Ben Yehuda     HAIFA, 46/64 Leon Blum, Tel.04-80386
Judelowitz, Fanny     Leibowitz      USA, 6221 Brynwood Ct, San Diego, CA 92120
Judelowitz, Isaak     Ben Yehuda     TEL AVIV, P.O.B. 4474, Tel.03-803060
Judelowitz, Mrs. J.   Sommer         USA, 42-11 Union St, Fairlawn, NJ 07410
Judelowitz, Shim'on (Shimlek)        NETANYA, 9 Dizengoff, Tel. 053-92285
Kabalkin, Berta       Baron          REHOVOT, (c/o Rosenthal), 14 Mildan Chaim,
                                        Tel. 08-493173
Kabatchnik, Sima      Mansfeld       NIR ZVI, (Kefar Argentina)
Kagan, Joseph                        TEL AVIV, 8 Arlozorov, Tel. 03-246367
Kagan, Tuvia          Kinan          JERUSALEM, 29A Ben Eliezer, Tel.02-769347
Kaganson, Sam                        SOUTH AFRICA, Salt River 7925, P.O.B. 54
Kahn, Emanuel                        USA, 26 Falmouth St., Brooklyn, NY 11235
Kahn, Trude           Ben Yaakov     TEL MOND, Tel. 052-61331
Kastrell, Yetta       Heller         RAMAT GAN, 5 Ankorim, Tel. 03-795678
Kastrel, Sasha                       TEL AVIV, 72 Shlomo Hamelech, Tel.03-223034
Katz, Maurice                        SOUTH AFRICA, Cyrildane 2026, P.O.B. 67
Katzen, David                        TEL AVIV, 17 Rembrandt, Tel. 03-244715
Katzev, Glika         Tosch          PETAH TIKVA, 54/11 Zahal, Tel.03-9224215
Katzev, Riva          Zippori        HOLON, Neot Rachel, 6/22 Kedoshei Kahir,
                                        Tel. 03-849224
Katzev, Rachel        Schneider      HAIFA, Neve Shaanan, 9a Maimon, Tel.04-22392
Kaufman, Chaim                       HAIFA, Kiryat Eliezer, 50/11 Truman,
                                       Tel. 04-712179
Kellim, Tania                        ENGLAND, London NW 10, 3 Dewsbury Rd.,
                                        Dollis Hill
Kiel, Boka            Zohar          RAANANA, 195 Kiryat Sharett, Tel.052-445314
Kirk, Jack                           USA, 290 W. 236 St, Bronx, NY 10463
Kirschner, Molly      Markman        USA, 203 W. 86th, Apt 608, New York, NY 10024
Klaf, Henia           Ziv, Chana     GIV'ATAYIM, 120 Katznelson, Tel.03-310005
Klatzko, Dr. Shmuel                  NETANIA, 19 Herzl, Tel. 053-22522
Klavansky, Munna      Karasin        TEL AVIV, Neve Shalem, 20/12 Mahanaim,
                                        Tel. 03-394132
Klempner, Rachel                     TEL AVIV, 10 Frishman
Kogan, Joseph                        BAT YAM, 19/13 Maimon
Kopenhagen, Berta                    HAIFA
Kramer, Chana         Hirsch         YOKNEAM, Tel. 04-993048
Kreuzberg, Miriam     Weiner         HAIFA, 17 Yosseph, Tel. 04-665429
Krom, Hilda       Ussishkin, Helene  ENGLAND, London NW8 9UL, 82 Hamilton Terr.
Krom, Jacob (Jasha)                  ENGLAND, London N10, 60 Wilton Rd.
Krom, Dr. Len         Crome          ENGLAND, London SE27 0LA, 17 Bewlys Rd.
Kuritzky, Fruma       Sheftel        TEL AVIV, 17 Zlotopolsky, Tel.03-246987
Kuritzky, Chaim                      AUSTRALIA, 48-50 Hotham St, Apt 19,
                                        Balaclava 3183, Melbourne
Kuritzky, Jakob       Kurly          AUSTRALIA, 27 Kingsway, St. Elwood, 
                                        Victoria 3184
Kuritzky, Jenia       Jakobovitz     TIV'ON, 10 Hashoshanim, Tel. 04-931491
Kurtz, Ariana         Johansen       DENMARK, Copenhagen 2100, Hofgardsgaden, 7/2nd
Landa, Zina           Shperling      USA, 951 44th St, Brooklyn, NY 11219
Landmann, Genia    Gorodeysky, Channa  REHOVOT, 34 Weizman St, Tel.08-473646
Landmann, Gershon     Yuval          RAMAT HASHARON, 6 Hat'ena, Tel. 03-474065
(Grisha)
Landman, Sheva        Zeiden         TEL AVIV, 37 Reines, Tel. 03-244385
Laps, Yehezkel                       KIRYAT TIV'ON, 23 Amnon Vetamar, 
                                        Tel. 04-931448
Laser, Miriam                        TEL AVIV, 3/7 Modigliani, Tel. 03-222027
Leibovitz, David                     TEL AVIV, 32 Sholem Aleichem, Tel. 03-283528
Levi, Polia & Abraham                HAIFA, 7/a Ahuza Yaarot, Tel.04-243402
Levin, Musha Abraham                 KIRYAT ATA, 8/20 Jabotinsky
Levin, Anne           Linder         ENGLAND, Manchester 8, 40 Belhaven Rd,
                                        Crumpsall
Levinson, Hermann                    JERUSALEM, 112/27 Talpiot Mizrach,
                                        Tel. 02-718786
Levitan, Chaim                       TEL AVIV, 18 Arba Aratzot, Tel.03-231434
Levitan, Shulamit     Rubinstein     BINYAMINA, Nahlat Jabotinsky
Libauer, Hillel                      78 Milton Manor, Milton Road, Sea Point,
                                        Cape Town, South Africa  8001. Age: 95 
                                        (1997); Emigrated to S.Africa in 1924.
                                        Tel. No: +27 21 4349085
                                        (This name not in original book; added by
                                        Harry Hurwitz, hhurwitz@netmedia.net.il)
Lichter, Vera         Shomroni       KIBBUTZ AFIKIM, D.N. Emek Hayarden
Lichtman, Raya        Edelstein      USA, 57 St. East, Brooklyn, NY
Lifshitz, Musha       Levin          KIRYAT ATA, 8/20 Jabotinsky
Lipkin, Jenny                        USA, 31-01 82nd St, Jackson Hts, NY 11370
Litovsky, Fanny                      USA, 8300 Scott Level Rd, Baltimore, MD 21208
Loewenson, Jeffry                    USA, 22544-3 Jeffrey Mark Ct, Chatworth, CA 
                                       91311
Loewius, Ella         Goldberg       TEL AVIV, Kiryat Shalom, 11/4 Kochavey Yitzhak
                                       Tel. 03-372810
Ludzin, Sam                          USA, 9 Tancin Ln, Clifton, NJ 07013
Lukanzaver, Fania     Herz           PARDESS HANNA, Neve Asher, Tel. 063-77126
                                     JERUSALEM, 10/3 Saadia Ga'on, Tel.02-669544
Lurie, Esther         Shapira        TEL AVIV, 135 Arlosorof, Tel. 03-255288
Lurie, Frieda         Gewirtzman     TEL AVIV, 7 Pinkas
Lurie, Hassia         Ram            CANADA, 535 Sheppard Av, 802 Downsview,
                                        Ontario
Lurie, Israel                        KIRYAT ARBA, House 303, Tel. 02-961380
Lurie, Raya           Kochav         KFAR YONA, 17 Olei Hagardom, Tel.053-85586
Lurie, Shifra         Katz,          TEL AVIV, 6 Sd. Melech David, Tel.03-266869
Lutrin, Bella         Neufeld        HAIFA, 30 Shoshanat Hacarmel, Tel.04-87313
Magidson, Hirsh                      SOUTH AFRICA, I. Robertson St, Observatory
                                        Ex. 2, Johannesburg, 422 Cold View Hts.
Magidson, Jules                      BELGIUM, 1180 Bruxelles, Rue H. Van Zuylen 78,
                                        Bte. 26
Magnus, Pessel                       CANADA, 129 Oak Park Av, Toronto, Ontario
                                        M4C 4M7
Malach, Raya          Hirsch         HAIFA, 81 Alef Hatishbi
Mansfeld, Miriam      Ingber         JERUSALEM, 7 Giv'at Bet Hakerem, Block 3,
                                        Tel. 02-531690
Mansfeld, Paula                      CANADA, Ottawa
Manuchovitz, Rosa     Ish Shalom     TEL AVIV, 52 Pinkas, Tel. 03-456548
Markuze, Oscar                       USA, 92 Pitt St, Portland, Maine
Matusevitz, Naomi     Fooks          AUSTRALIA, 32 Howtit Rd, Caulfield 3161,
                                        Melbourne
Meisel, Judith        Kaufman, Ita   TEL AVIV, 19 Ahad Haam, Tel. 03-200245
Meisel, Mali          Scheinbaum     KIBBUTZ SHEFAYIM
Meisel, Riva          Ellman         NETANIA, 71/9 Nordau
Mendelson, Mary       Magaram        BAT YAM, 39 Maimon, Tel. 03-5514269
Mendelstamm, Judith   Wolff          W. GERMANY, Bayerische Str. 4, 1000 Berlin 15
Merya, Yaakov                        RAANANA, 9 Borochov, Tel. 052-34407
Meturan, Yaakov                      KIRYAT YAM B', 77/5 Sharett, Tel.04-704528
Michelson, Abrasha    Michaelson     USA, 6958 Woodman Av, Van Nuys, CA 91405
Michelson, Anni       Winograd       SOUTH AFRICA, Hillbrow, Pretoria St., 
                                        804 Dungaree Ct.
Mindlin, George (Gersy)              BELGIUM, Brussels, 37 Av. Bel-Air Wezenbec
Mindlin, Musia        Wulfson        USA, 355 Eastabruk St, N 307, San Leandro, CA
                                        94511
Minsker, Tania        Sorkin         TEL AVIV, 22 Shlomzion, Tel. 03-450965
Mirkin, Arie                         JERUSALEM, 10 Chopin, Tel. 02-631483
Moed, Rita            Mansfeld       TEL AVIV, 3 Wilson, Tel. 03-611593
Nechimovsky, Batia    Nachmani       BEER SHEVA, 77/9 Derech Massada
Neuberger, Effi                      CANADA, Willowdale, Ontario, M2H 2B5,
                                        Nicole Ave. 114 ME
Neufeld, Shlomo                      HAIFA, 16 Avigail, Tel. 04-246732
Neufeld, Yitzhak (Kuklia)            HAIFA, 30a Shoshanat Hacarmel, Tel.04-87313
Nieburg, Aviva        Braver         BAT YAM, 15 Tabenkin, Tel. 03-593851
Nisselowitz, Gabi     Mordel         HOLON, Kiryat Sharett, 39/5 Ramat Hagolan,
                                        Tel. 03-809360
Nitzan, Shlomo                       TEL AVIV, Yad Eliyahu, 13 Hapalmach
Nizetzik, Anni        Rosen          TEL AVIV, 7 Hashoftim, Tel.285850
Novitzky, Etta        Maltinsky      RAMAT GAN, 10 Hamarganim, Tel. 03-794937
Novitzky, Miriam      Armon          GIV'ATAYIM, 7 Aravei Hanahal, Tel.03-775787
Novitzky, Riva        Buchman        HAIFA, Kiryat Eliezer, 15 Hazayit, 
                                        Tel.04-537704
Novitzky, Sarah       Garfinkel      TEL AVIV, 77 Ben Yehuda, Tel.03-242203
Oppenheimer, Inge     Blutstein      TEL AVIV, 46 Shimon Hatarsi, Tel.03-456663
Paperna, Dr. Aharon (Arnold)         TEL AVIV, 36 Shenkin, Tel. 03-282946
Pausner, Rivka                       PETACH TIKVA, 4 Feierberg, Tel.03-903736
Pecker, Boris                        SAFED, 609/10 Hanassi, Tel.067-74516
Peer, Nahum (Uma)                    GIV'ATAYIM, 14 Sde Boker, Tel.03-319862
Perlmann, Liuba                      BAT YAM, Tel. 03-5510495
Perzin, Wasa?         Kaminsky       TEL AVIV, Yad Eliyahu, 3 Yiftach,
                                        Tel.03-398828
Pessel K. Magnus, Mrs.               CANADA, 129 Oak Park Av, Toronto, 
                                        Ontario, M4C 4M7
Rabinowitz, Aharon (Harry) Yariv     RAMAT HASHARON, 20 Harimon, Tel.03-276877
Rabinovitz, Sorel     Tankel         TEL AVIV, 24 Hanitzachon Rd, Tel.03-219795
Rabinson, Gitta       Dafner       
Rakovitzky, Rita      Matelsky       RAMAT HASHARON, 28 Zayin Besheshvan,
                                        Tel. 03-483502
Rapoport, Lena        Charpak, Ilana TEL AVIV, 11 Antokolsky, Tel.03-244512
Ravit, Lisa           Ravid          TEL AVIV, 29 Bar Kochba, Tel.03-283464
Reikin, Gershon                      REHOVOT, 11/5 Sderot Chen (c/o Milstein),
                                        Tel. 08-450091
Revi, Liuscha & Eliyahu Ravid        MA'ALE ADUMIM, 31 Hanevel, Tel. 02-252026
Rocefpinelli, Greta                  FRANCE, 9 rue Saulinier
Rogalin, Olga         Brodetzky      GIV'ATAYIM, 16/13 Rachel, Tel. 03-316690
Rolof, Yaakov                        HAIFA, 126 Nof Yam, Tel.04-89148
Rosenberg, Rita       Edelmann       NETANIA, 71/9 Nordau
Rosengarten, James                   ENGLAND, Hampstead, London, Bishop Gate 6
Rozay, Lilly                         USA, 12630 Califa St, N. Hollywood, CA 91607
Rothstein, Lea                       TEL AVIV, 34 Reines, Tel. 03-223533
Russinek, Ezra                       JERUSALEM, Ramat Eshkol, Rassco 154/7,
                                        Tel. 08-886192
Russinek, Miriam      Eytan          JERUSALEM, 6 Shlein St, Tel. 02-535396
Sackman, Meir         Gil'adi        HOLON, 4 Hatabor, Tel. 03-847827
Sachs, Rosa & Emanuel Kahn           USA, 26 Falmouth Beach, Brooklyn, NY 11235
Sacks, Hilda          Fisher         ENGLAND, London, 1ND, 61 Essex Park, 
                                        Finchley N. 3
Shalamin, Minna       Gurfinkel      CANADA, 1704-155 Marlee Av, Toronto, 
                                        Ontario M6B 4B5
Samuelson, Gindor     Chaif          NAZARETH ILIT, 6 Yodfat, Tel.065-71172
Samuelson, Hassia                    KIRYAT YAM, 18/12 Tabor
Samuelson, Hesi                      KIRYAT YAM, 18/12 Tabor, Tel.04-736198
Samuelson, Israel                    BEER SHEVA, 11 Baalei Tosafot
Samuelson, Mali       Feldmann       BEER SHEVA, 14/26 Sinai, Tel. 057-424619
Samuelson, Moshe (Mausi)             BEER SHEVA, Daled Zafon, 11 Baalei Tfutzot,
                                        Tel. 057-425394
Sand, Raya            Raffer         USA, 1935 Lakewood Rd, Toms River, NJ 08753
Sapir, Sarah          Orlansky       PETAH TIKVA, 5 Pinsker, Tel.02-913742
Schapiro, Jenny & Ephraim            REHOVOT, 20 Levin-Epstein, Tel.08-457446
Schapiro, Ida         Bocian         CANADA, 535 Sheppards Av, Apt 202, 
                                        Downsview, W. Ontario
Shapiro, Jenny                       LOD, 9 Melech David Blvd.
Schapiro, Mura        Johansen       SWEDEN, 12237 Enskewe, Sockenvaegen 373-I  
Schatz, Ida           Streimer       RAANANA, 120 Ahuza
Schechter, Bertha     Gottlieb       TEL AVIV, 22 Emanuel Blvd, Tel.03-242946
Schefkind, Nathan                    CANADA, 5704 Queen Mary Md., Montreal,
                                        Quebec H4X 1X6
Scheftel, Immanual                   TEL AVIV, 17 Zlotopolsky, Tel. 03-246987
Scheftel, Bella       Kess           TEL AVIV, 10/24 Racanati, Tel. 03-424673
Shelkan, Grisha                      USA, 31 Hobart Rd, Newton Center, MA 02159
Scherman, Esther      McDonald       USA, 517 W. 39th St, Wilmington, DE 19802
Schimshe?ewitz, Jenia  Goldberg      TEL LITVINSKY, Goldberg House, Tel.03-750953
Schles, Chaim                        HAIFA, 32 Hamitzpe, Tel.04-225405
Shlesinger, Betty & Max              TEL AVIV, 16 Hakalir, Tel.03-230966
Schmulovitz, Mr. & Mrs.              USA, 65-39 10th St, Apt B8, Forest Hills, 
                                        NY 11375
Schmulovitz, Yitzhak & Susi          HAIFA, 1 Lotos, Tel. 04-85612
Schneider                            HAIFA, Neve Sha'anan, 9 Alef Maimon
                                        Tel. 04-22392
Scheiderovitz, Yehoshua  Shani       BEER SHEVA, Omer, Eshel
Schuster, Rosa          Sarid        KIBBUTZ MATZUVA, D.N. Galil Ma'aravi
Schwab, Prof. George                 USA, 140 Riverside Dr. New York, NY 10024
Schwarz, Zwi (Grisha)                RAMAT YOHANAN, Kfar Hamaccabi P.O.
Segal, Etta           Cohen          SOUTH AFRICA, Emarentia, Johannesburg,
                                        24 Illovo Rd.
Seligman, Jenny                      KIBBUTZ EIN GEV, D.N. Emek Hayarden
Seligmann, Masha      Sigelmann      TEL AVIV, 3 Bnei Moshe, Tel. 03-246628
Semach, Ida                          NETANIA, Kiryat Zans, Old Age Home,
                                        Tel. 053-32886
Singer, Leah                         JERUSALEM, 30 Barilan, Tel. 02-630412
Sirton, Avraham                      TIV'ON, 21 Dizengoff
Siwzon, Jenny         Sperber        FRANCE, 75 Paris 6e, 83 Rue N.D. des Champs
Siwzon, Jetty         Tresco         FRANCE, 92130 Issy-Les-Moulinaux, Paris,
                                        6 rue Voisembert
Skutelsky, Hilda & Michel            TEL AVIV, 4/24 Gen. Koenig, Tel.03-581989
Skutelsky, Karmel                    BAT YAM, 16 Haneviim, Tel.03-876708
Skutelsky, Reuven                    TEL AVIV, 151 Dizengoff
Sobotka, Mia                         SWEDEN, Brandhagen 12438, Stockholm, 
                                        Vrenawegen 2
Soloweitchik, Dora    Mozes          ZICHRON YAAKOV
Soloweitchik, Emanuel                FRANCE, Paris 8e, 34 rue de Bassano
Solway, Max                          AUSTRALIA, Garden Vale 3185, Melbourne,
                                        70 Garden Vale Rd., 19 Norwood Rd.,
                                        Unit 2, North Caulfield 3162
Sommer, Linda         Etkin          HAIFA, Aba Hillel Silver 35/3, Tel.04-220033
Sorkin, Avraham                      TEL AVIV, 22 Shlomzion,  Tel.03-450965
Spector, Johanna                     USA, 400 W. 119th St, New York, NY 10027
   (nee Lichtenberg)
Spector, Lea & Elias                 USA, 33-05 90th St, Jackson Hts, NY 11372
Stein, Dvora          Chassid        NETANIA, 82 Herzl, Tel. 053-91718
Tagrin, Chaim                        TEL AVIV, 6 Bracha Fuld, Tel.03-221979
Tankelovitz, Lexy                    HERZLIA, Nof Yam, 1 Hat'ena, Tel.052-72418
Tcharnay, Ania & Samuel              USA, 388 Avenue X, Apt 37, Brooklyn, NY 11223
Tcharney, Morris                     NEVE SHARETT, 19/2 Almagor, Tel.03-482063
Teitz, Yaffa          Weiselberg     TEL AVIV, 22 Ashtori Haparchi, Tel.03-448264
Tevelov, Shoshana     Dannenberg     HOLON, 21 Hechalutz
Tevelov, Zusia                       HOLON, 118 Hahistadrut, Tel.03-802349
Thon, Sarah                          HAIFA, 59 D'Israeli, Tel. 04-241564
Timor, Avraham                       NEHALIM, nr. Petah-Tikva
Urdang, Liuba         Zipstein       TEL AVIV, 6 Pinkas, Tel. 03-455715
Urdang, Bob           Ur-Dan, Zeev   TEL AVIV, 3 Rachel St, Tel. 03-228404
Vestermanis, Mause (Michelle)        FRANCE, Paris 75016, 17 Blvd. de Mont Moreney
Vogelman, Abrascha (Arnold)  Engel   USA, POB 18109, Somerton Station, 
                                        Philadelphia, PA 19116
Wachtel, Max                         USA, 628 N. Oakhurst Dr, Beverly Hills, CA
                                        90210
Wasserman, Lipa                      HAIFA, Kiryat Shmuel, 22 Torah V'Avoda
Wachsler, Jakob                      RAMAT GAN, 6 Ovadia, Tel. 03-749978
Weinberg, Leah        Bleiberg       TEL AVIV, Yad Eliyahu, 7 Emek Ayalon,
                                        Tel. 03-398257
Weinberg, Rosa        Nieburg        BAT YAM, 21B/18 Nitzana, Tel. 03-580435
Weinberg, Zilla       Blumenfeld     HERZLIA, Glil Yam
Weinbrand, Chava                     HAIFA, 13 Zion St.
Weinreich, Gert & Miroza             REHOVOT, 36/14 Kiryat Moshe
Weinstein, Mania      Adler          USA, 2060 Princeton Rd, Salt Lake City, UT
                                        84109
Weissfeld, Mary       Boyar          BAT YAM, Ramat Hanassi, 8/45 Harav Levi,
                                        Tel. 03-5510493
Weiss, Chaim & Mali                  AUSTRALIA, 2 Munro Av, Carnegie 3163, 
                                        Melbourne
Weiss, Jenia          Flatow         TEL AVIV, 15 Modigliani, Tel. 03-266803
Westermann, Aharon                   NETANIA, 38/5 Zalman Shneur, Tel.053-53141
Westermann, Anni      Feigin         NEVE SHARETT, 14/16 Almagor, Tel.03-475285
Westermann, Gitta     Yakoby         TEL AVIV, 61/27 Mahanaim, Tel.03-392874
Westermann, Ida       Teitelbaum     NETANIA, 10/32 Hayesod, Tel. 053-51682
Westerman, M.         Reicher        USA, 6450 Greenbush, Van Nuys, CA 91401
Westermann, Raya      Mazin          KIRYAT HERZOG, 21 Neufeld, Tel. 03-704041
Westerman, Sonia      Gavarton       KIRYAT ONO, 32/22 Rechavat Hashaked,
                                        Tel. 03-359724
Yankelewitz, Berta                   TEL AVIV, 4 Ben Zion Blvd., Tel.03-299177
Yankelewitz, Ruth     Alon           AFULA, Kfar Hano'ar, Nir Ha'emek, Tel.18445
Zack, Dudi            Matzdorf       SOUTH AFRICA, Clairmont 7700, Capetown,
                                        10 Feldhausen Rd.
Zack, Hanna           Herman         SOUTH AFRICA, Greenside 2193, Johannesburg,
                                        18 Farrel Rd.
Zackmann, Oskar                      KIBBUTZ SHEFAYIM
Zahl, Paula           Wassermann     NETANIA, 19 Hakablanim
Zarchi, Itzhak                       KIBBUTZ SHEFAYIM
Zausmer, Betty        Gasman         KIBBUTZ AFIKIM, Tel.067-51451
Zausmer, Ida          Katrieli       HOD HASHARON, Anilewitz, Tel.052-440842
Zausmer, Rivka                       PETACH TIKVA, 4 Feierberg, Tel.03-903736
Zausmer, Rosa         Avni           RAMAT GAN, 76 Yerushalayim, Tel.03-745987
Zausmer, Shim'on      Zmiri          KFAR GILEADI, D.N. Hagalil Haelion,
                                        Tel.067-44706
Zick, David                          SOUTH AFRICA, Linksfield, Johannesburg 2192,
                                        46 Club St.
Zick, Julius                         SOUTH AFRICA, Highland North, Johannesburg
                                        2191, 82 5th Ave.
Zick, Paula           Blumberg       TEL AVIV, 80 Dizengoff, Tel. 03-292657
Zinn, Isser                          SOUTH AFRICA, Sea Point, Capetown 8001,
                                        206 Bordeaux Beach Rd.
Zinn, Rochelle        Katz           SOUTH AFRICA, Sea Point, Capetown, 
                                        211 Wave Crest, Solomon Rd.
Zirinsky, Sore        Schiff         TEL AVIV, 30 Ruppin, Tel.03-226072
Ziv, Elka                            GIV'AT CHAIM/Ihud
Znaimer, Sigrid       Quick          ENGLAND, Morden, Surrey SM4 4TB,
                                        28 Wolsey Crescent

LIST OF LIBAUERS IN THE SOVIET UNION
Baskin, Moshe                          USSR, Riga
Baskin, Sarah           Hatkevitz      USSR, Charkov
Bassel, Lida            Silber         USSR, Riga
Bassel, Sonia           Schmushkevitz  USSR, Riga
Davidson, Liova                        USSR, Libau
Deutsch, Meir                          USSR, Riga
Epstein, Mascha         Blumenthal     USSR, Riga
Friedlander, Henny      Siwzon         USSR, Libau
Friedlander, Rosa       Kiel           USSR, Krasnoyarsk
Glasner, Lina           Hermer         USSR, Libau
Hirschberg, Bunja       Ausmann        USSR, Sverdlovsk
Hirschberg, Selig                      USSR, Libau
Hirschhorn, Hessy                      USSR, Libau
Israelson, Jascha                      USSR, Libau
Israelson, Paula                       USSR, Libau
Itrov, Moritz                          USSR, Riga
Itrov, Susse                           USSR, Riga
Kagan, Rosa             Linger         USSR, Riga
Kagan, Schura                          USSR, Riga
Kahn, Illa                             USSR, Riga
Katz, Rosa                             USSR, Libau
Kiel, Dagania           Kurlandsky     USSR, Krasnoyarsk
Kiel, David                            USSR, Krasnoyarsk
Landau, Freddy                         USSR, Prokopyevsk
Linkemer, Johanna       Genson         USSR, Libau
Linkemer, Kalman                       USSR, Riga
Lipmann, Ada            Kramer         USSR, Riga
Lipmann, Ruth           Kahn           USSR, Riga
Loewenstein, Mady       Chnoch         USSR, Riga
Mendelstamm, Pessach                   USSR, Libau
Mendelstamm, Rachel                    USSR, Libau
Paperna, Fira                          USSR, Riga
Paperna, Rosa                          USSR, Riga
Rosenberg, Liowa                       USSR, Libau
Schoenberger, Sima                     USSR, Riga
Schoenberger, Ziva                     USSR, Prokopyevsk
Spektor, Elchanan                      USSR, Moscow
Sicj, Max                              USSR, Libau
Skutelsky, Scheike                     USSR, Libau
Tscharney, Mendel                      USSR, Riga
Weinreich, Erna                        USSR, Libau
Zahl, Minna             Hellmann       USSR, Riga
Zahl, Mischa                           USSR, Riga
Zahl, Taube                            USSR, Riga
Seligmann, Leo                         USSR, Riga
Selkin, Oscar                          USSR, Minsk

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The 1934 Odyssey to the Land of Israel

by Jack Yakobi

I was born and grew up in the city of Libau. One day in 1934, I sauntered into the Revisionist clubhouse on Kaufstrasse, and found there an especially tense atmosphere resulting from having received news of the "Ari resolution", confirmed at the last Zionist Congress, according to which it had been decided not to grant certificates to Beitar members; and that all the Beitar members present there, who were slated to receive certificates from Beitar's quota could just forget such a possibility.

I was saddened to see the many dissappointed faces of those who had been waiting so many years to receive the certificates, especially when they broke out with shouting and weeping. I, with the chutzpa of youth with which I'm endowed, found it difficult to see their helplessness, and reacting spontan- eously, announced on the spot that I was ready to lead anyone who was willing to join me to the Land of Israel.

In their great despair, almost all those present signed up, and it was agreed to meet the next evening, so that in the meantime I would be able to clarify details of the trip and its cost.

The expense of travelling by train and then by ship to Lebanon, that is, to the city of Beirut, came to approximately six pounds sterling, and the time estimated for the trip was about 14 days. The cost of the trip, including hotels and food, would total about ten pounds sterling for each traveller.

Therefore, I announced to all those interested who had registered at the club that I would be able to bring to the Land anyone who would make available to me 10 pounds sterling. Only 12 remained who announced that they could get the sum required, but it was not possible for the rest to provide this amount. Finally, when they had to bring the money, there were only six people who could finance such a large expenditure.

With the help of Yasha Disenchik, who was the secretary of Rabbi Mordecai Nurok, a member of parliament, we received visas for Lebanon, and this was through recommendations of all kinds of companies for whom we were, so to speak, their business representatives. The travel route was: by train to Riga, from Riga to Warsaw, from Warsaw to Bucharest, from Bucharest to Constanza, and from there by ship to Constantinople, and from there by train to Beirut.

The trip was carried out as planned, and in this way we reached Beirut. We arranged to stay at a hotel in the city, and I went to the synagogue to meet with Jews. From them I learned who handled "border jumping". I was asked to pay half a pound for each person, and all the luggage had to be left in the hands of the "smuggler".

The next evening we reported, with the suitcases, to the designated place. We deposited all our suitcases (which were never returned to us) and were seated in a car which was supposed to bring us into our country. After riding for several hours, we reached a place from which we had to proceed on foot. The guide led us into the darkness on an untravelled difficult route, fraught with dangers, until we reached a place that he declared was Eretz Yisrael, and indeed, as we later learned, it was the moshava Metulla.

Not until I saw the mezuzah on the door of the "Snows of Lebanon" Hotel was I convinced that this was indeed, Eretz Yisrael.

As had been agreed, I gave our Arab guide the second half of the pack of "Mattosian" cigarettes as proof that he had received the payment due him for having guided us.

It was close to midnight when I knocked on the door of the hotel. The door was opened, and when I explained that we were illegal immigrants, we were graciously received. We were given tea and sandwiches and instructed how to reach Kfar Giladi. We were told that British policemen, who usually were on patrol, were not in the habit of shooting illegal immigrants, and if we met up with any of them, we could definitely run and escape. We walked in a single file until we reached the gates of Kfar Giladi. When I knocked on the gate it was opened by the guard, who happened to be Yankele Yankelovitz, a fellow from "Hashomer Hatzair", from Libau, who also was well acquainted with me. He received us and put us in the attic of the meeting (dining) hall, and explained to us that we must lie here quietly until we would hear from him what was to be done with us.

At night, the kibbutz members held a meeting to discuss what to do with the Revisionists who had arrived there the day before. I heard the debate through the hole meant for the gas lamp; there were three proposals: the first, to turn us over to the British police, as they didn't want Revisionists in the country (and indeed, this was after the murder of Arlosorov). The second was that in spite of this, we should be helped to reach inland, as here they would fight for us - after all we were Jews. The third proposal, which was adopted, was that they should not take any action: that we would cope alone as best we could.

Yankele came to us in the morning, bringing food and postcards so that we could write to our families or friends, if we had any such in the country, asking them to come for us. And so we wrote to our relatives, and two days later they came to take us. Also, representatives of the Beitar platoon led us, of course at night, past Rosh-Pinah (which was the British policemen's custom post), bypassing the main road, on payment of 25 grush for each person.

Beyond Rosh-Pinah a truck was waiting to take us to Haifa, where we finally separated, because some of the people had relatives in Haifa, and others went on to Tel-Aviv by train.

Thus we reached Palestine - the Land of Israel.

In this way, the first vicissitudes of our settling in Eretz Yisrael came to an end.


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Beitar Libau

by Ezra Rosnik

At the beginning of the 1920's most of the Jews of Libau were organized in "Macabee" and the youth joined the ranks of the boy and girl scouts, who, organizationally, were affiliated with "Macabee" and made use of its clubhouse and stadium.

In 1925 the scouts split up, and "Beitar" came into being under the leadership of the late Hanoch (Harry) Levy, and "Hashomer Hatzair" under the leadership of Rachel Walpovsky. As far as can be recalled, Beitar and Hashomer shared a common clubhouse on Kungu iela St. and the young people went from room to room to dance the hora.

Beitar grew strong and flourished between 1930 and 1933. Against the back- ground of assimilating Judaism with its attraction to German culture, and the indifference in certain circles to the Zionist idea, Beitar played a not insignificant role in preparing the Jewish youth for immigration to the Land of Israel and the establishment of an independent Jewish state; more than a few Beitar members underwent training at the agricultural farm and in communal groups near Libau, and in 1935-36 there was even an urban group.

Unfortunately, from 1934 on, no certificates for immigration to the land of Israel were received, and this being the situation, a group was formed in Libau that migrated illegally by way of Lebanon in the guise of tourists. The initiator of the group was Jack Yakobson, who subsequently instructed other Beitar members how to slip into the country.

The Beitar of Libau participated every year in summer camps, either as part of the Kurland camp or that of the all-Latvian camps.

In 1933 the camp was at Liegi. In 1934 a large camp took place at the Beldona farm. In 1936 it was held at the seaside in Riga, with a record number of 700 taking part. In 1937 a camp was organized near Koldiga, led by a counselor from the land of Israel, Arye Ben-Eliezer, who subsequently became one of the "Etzel" leaders and deputy chairman of the Knesset. In 1938 a large camp was held on the Vangazi agricultural farm.

The change in the Latvian regime which took place on May 15, 1934 to some extent brought to a halt the external activities of Beitar (as well as that of other organizations) but this did not keep the Beitar members from boycotting the summer concerts of the Philharmonic orchestra when the conductor was a guest from Germany. At the entrance to Kus, Latvians as well as Jews were called upon not to attend the concert; as a result those responsible were summoned to the Latvian secret police, who began keeping an eye on Beitar's activities.

Several years later, when the British hanged Shlomo Ben-Yosef in Acre prison, the Jewish nation in the Land and in the Diaspora were enraged. In Libau, stones were thrown at the window of the British consulate, and the windows of the Libausche Zeitung press, which had labelled Shlomo Ben-Yosef "a bandit", were broken. This time, too, the secret police knew who to bring in for investigation.

Despite the ban on demonstrations and parades, all the members of Beitar, wearing white shirts, marched from the Beitar clubhouse to the Great Synagogue for the eulogy given by Rabbi Dr. Nurok, and finished the assembly with the singing of Hatikvah.

In June 1940, when the Red Army entered Libau, we hastened to burn all written material that could incriminate anyone.

It was a pity to vacate the Kaufstrasse clubhouse, having to leave behind the oversized oil painting of "Matityahu and his Sons", that had been hanging on the wall since the 1920's, when the clubhouse still belonged to "Macabee".

To the credit of all Beitar members, it should be noted that none of the Command activists was arrested, and the KGB had to be content with revealing those people who officially were in charge of Beitar activity.

The educational work that went on in Beitar, as in all the other Zionist organizations, was not in vain, and those who survived the Holocaust - and they were few - turned their eyes towards Zion.


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Additional Material on Libau


Israel Hurwitz's Story

As Told to His Grand Daughter, Roni Brickman

I was born in 1907 to my parents, Abraham and Asna, in Libau, Latvia. I studied at the Waldstein school. In the afternoons I went to cheder (Hebrew School). We were six children at home. The girls were Rosa and Jenny. The boys were Rudolph, Jacob, Oscar and myself, Israel.

When I was seven, the First World War broke out. My father went to Russia to work in the army. He was a tailor and his speciality was uniforms for generals and other officers. There was a severe shortage of food, as most of the food available was taken by the German army. When I was nine, I remember there was no bread. I was able to obtain work at a bakery and used to prepare and load the bread. I did not receive a wage - but received a loaf of bread instead. This was worth a great deal. Before I worked at the bakery some one had to stand in the bread line about a kilometer long all day, and sometimes when one reached the head of the queue all the bread was gone. My mother used to go to a farm to buy beans. When she came home we had a wonderful meal. This happened once a week, - a meal of beans! When sirens sounded we used to go down into the shelters and the city was bombed. The main target was the vicinity of the harbour, so our house was not damaged. After the all clear siren sounded and we could leave the shelter, we used to search for bomb shrapnel. This we used to sell for quite a lot of money. There were so many disturbances because of the war that we spent most of the time in the shelters and did not study.

From the age of 14 to 17 I was also in the scouts. When I was 15, I left school, and went to work in the largest sewing machine shop in Latvia. I repaired sewing machines, knitting machines, typewriters and bicycles, etc.

When I was 16 I used to play ice hockey. I was naturally athletic and also played soccer for the Maccabi team. I was in the Maccabi organization for four years. I also used to go sailing.

By the time I was 19, I had earned a great deal of money, and the war had passed. So I bought a motorcycle. At weekends I used to ride everywhere; to Memel in Lithuania, near the Latvian border, and sometimes to Koenigsberg (Kaliningrad) in Germany.

At age 21, I entered the Latvian army and served for 15 months.

When my uncle came for a visit from South Africa, he suggested that I return with him, which I did in 1936. I found work in the largest clothing factory in South Africa. After a year I was forced to leave South Africa (the South African Jewish immigration quota had been filled). My uncle would not permit me to return to Latvia, because of the outbreaks of anti-semitism there. This was before the start of the Second World War. I remembered the street battles we had to fight with a very large gang of young anti-semites.

So I went to Rhodesia, where I worked for four years in a clothing factory (in Bulawayo). When I was in the hotel there, I met your grandmother and we were married in 1942. We have two daughters, Judy, born in 1943, who lives in Ashkelon and Leonie, born in 1946, who lives in Kochav Yair. My wife and I live in Ashkelon.

I then decided to open a factory with a partner. We did so, - a textile factory. I eventually had a shoe factory and a clothing factory.

We lived in Bulawayo for 42 years until 1978, when we made aliya to Israel. At first we lived in the Absorption Centre in Kiryat Yam, Haifa. Afterwards, when we had adjusted to our new country, we moved to Achuza, Haifa, and now we are in Ashkelon.

The Fate of My Family in Latvia:

After the start of the war, I used to correspond with the family. My mother used to write that I should return to Latvia. In 1940 the letters stopped. When I inquired, the Red Cross advised me not to write any more as it was not possible to find the family. After the war a woman survivor of the concentration camps told of the fate of the Jews of Libau thus: "One day they took all the Jews of Libau to a forest behind the Jewish cemetery and told them to dig their own graves. They then shot them all." This was the end of my father's family. It has been said that the whole city was blown up and flattened; also that today Libau is a military harbour, and when one passes by in the train, one has to close the blinds, as it is a closed security area.

 


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Zaida Remembers . . .

As Told to His Grand Daughter, Wendy Edelman, in 1980

Zaida was born in the Ponevesz district (Lithuania) in 1901. He lived there until the age of five, when he was taken to live in Libau, Latvia, where his father was employed as a tailor. He stayed there (about) 15 years. He left Libau in 1921 and arrived in Cape Town, South Africa, on 12th December, 1921.

Zaida's Reasons for Leaving Latvia: His parents did not want him to be in the Latvian Army. They feared for him because the army was anti-semitic, and Jews were badly treated during their three years' service. The whole family stood on the quay to bid farewell to their eldest son/brother. Zaida decided on South Africa because his three uncles had settled there previously. He paid for the ship passage, but his Uncle (Alec Broide) deposited #35 sterling (a great deal of money in those days) as guarantee that he would not be a burden to the state. Zaida's intention was to bring out the rest of the family, and, in fact, after a few years he brought out his two sisters and three brothers. (He brought out Renee in 1924 and the rest in 1928, after the death of their mother). His father died in Libau in 1931. The family members who remained in Libau were murdered in the Holocaust. (His cousin, Israel (Issy) Hurwitz, left Libau in 1936 for South Africa, and later Southern Rhodesia. Another cousin, Rudolph, moved to Petrograd - now St. Petersburg - in the 1920's).

Zaida's Father (Hirshe-Meyer Hurwitz): Zaida's father was a tailor - his brother taught him the trade. His brother had learned the trade in Petrograd and used to obtain the latest styles from there. He made suits, and coats with fur collars and sometimes fur-lined, which took up to a week and more to make.

Zaida's Trade: Zaida was a barber and had his own business, with a staff of two, at the age of 15. He did cutting, shaving and shampooing. He gave whatever he earned to his parents, but kept a little pocket money for himself.

Where Zaida Lived: Zaida lived in old Libau, in Broeder Strasse. Jews, Gentiles and Germans lived together. The family lived in a ground floor apartment in a three story building. There was no running water but there was a pump nearby, and the water was heated on a coal stove (also used for cooking). There was another stove which was lit towards evening, when the family came from work. The front of the stove was left open and the tiles would warm up. The family would then stand against the tiles to warm up. Toilets were outside the apartment and the municipality used horse-drawn wagons, into which the waste was pumped.

Zaida's Memories of Libau: Libau was divided into the Old City and the New City.

The Old City: There was the Shul and the market place. The market was known for it's berries, especially cherries; oranges were imported from the Caucasus; "blood" oranges were also available. Timber was brought to the market from the forests - this was a peasant trade. Wood choppers were hired at the market to cut logs for burning in the household ovens. There was also fruit, fish fresh from the sea and dairy products. There was also a meat market.

The New City: Here was the railway station, from which one could travel to all parts of Russia.

Trades of the Jews: Jews were shoe makers, barbers, horse-drawn cab drivers, shop keepers (e.g. drapers, haberdashers), hotel keepers. Jews were also to be found in professions such as doctors, dentists and teachers. Some practised without a degree.

Recreation: There were:

Dress:

Jewish men dressed the same as the Latvians: Gallife: pants tucked into boots, or sometimes material 15 cm wide was wrapped around the pants-bottoms in place of boots. Men wore soft-peaked caps. Bathing Costumes: these were at first long-sleeved and long-legged, but a new fashion caught on - short sleeves! At first there was separate bathing even amongst the Latvians.

Education: There were government schools, but many Jews attended "Cheders" where they learned German and Russian in the morning and Hebrew in the afternoon. Gymnasia was the senior school.

Languages: German, Russian and Latvian were spoken. Jews generally spoke only Yiddish at home.

Religion: The Jews led a traditional life and worked out of necessity on Shabbat. Most went to Shul on the high holy days. They observed pesach - matzot were baked locally and the holidays were celebrated in the Shul.

Jewish Community Services: This was an organized community. Amongst the services were:

Chevra Kadisha

Bikkur Cholim

Social Services, which helped Jews in distress


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"The Girls from Libau"

A 50-minute film, "The Girls from Libau," (Hebrew title: Ha'Banot mi'Libau) was produced in Israel by Yarkon Productions, Ltd, Video Center, Givat Chaviva. It was produced for Holocaust Day, 1994 and has been televised every year since then on Israeli TV.

It is a most moving portrait of the lives of Libau Jews before and during the war, through six woman survivors who meet in Tel Aviv. There are scenes of old Libau, songs, reminiscences and experiences (harrowing and otherwise); and one gets to know these women and Libau through their shared experiences. It is well produced and my family found it fascinating. The version shown here was in English, Hebrew and Yiddish.

 


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