Gombin: The Life and Destruction
of a Jewish Town in Poland
(Gąbin, Poland)

52°24' / 19°44'

Translation of
Gombin: Dos Lebn un Umkum fun a Yiddish Shtetl in Poylin

The Editorial Board:
Jack Zicklin
Yetta Rafel
Henry Grunbaum
Jacob Cyrmelinski (Celemenski)
Abram Zeideman
David Burns (Brzezinski)
Paul Tiber

Secretary Editor: A. Shulman

Published in New York, 1969


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Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

Ada Holtzman

 

This is a translation of Gombin: Dos Lebn un Umkum fun a Yidish Shtetl in Poyln
(Gombin: The Life and Destruction of a Jewish Town in Poland),
Editors: Jack Ziklin, et al., New York, Gombiner Landsmanschaft in America,
1969 (English and Yiddish 390 pages).


This material is made available by JewishGen, Inc. and the Yizkor Book Project for the purpose of
fulfilling our mission of disseminating information about the Holocaust and destroyed Jewish communities.
This material may not be copied, sold or bartered without JewishGen, Inc.'s permission. Rights may be reserved by the copyright holder.


JewishGen, Inc. makes no representations regarding the accuracy of the translation. The reader may wish to refer to the original material for verification.
JewishGen is not responsible for inaccuracies or omissions in the original work and cannot rewrite or edit the text to correct inaccuracies and/or omissions.
Our mission is to produce a translation of the original work and we cannot verify the accuracy of statements or alter facts cited.


How I got a copy of the Yizkor book of Gombin

The Yiddish part, translated to Hebrew by my late father, Meir Holtzman, who was born in Gombin 1914 and left the shtetl on July 1939. He died 16 September 1998, before seeing his work, for which he dedicated the last months of his life, completed and published in Hebrew. He was very hopeful that the Yizkor book will be published in Hebrew so that descendants from Gombin will learn about the heritage of their ancestors, their life in the shtetl, their dreams and their tragedy... He worked very hard to achieve this, but his sudden illness followed by his death, kept him from seeing this project fulfilled. This web page is dedicated to his memory.

Translation from Hebrew to English by Ada Holtzman - Israel.

Dr. Ida Cohen Selavan Schwarcz - Israel translated from Yiddish the monograph of Jacob Rothbart: "Yiddishe Baalei Mlachot in Gombin".

We Remember Jewish Gombin!

Tel Aviv, 16 January 2000


The Yiddish Part

Table of Contents (Pages 227 - 228)

 

 

Page
A Poem Mikolai Gibs 5
Introduction Jack Zicklin 7
Deserved Recognition Louis Philips Pochekha 9
 

FIRST PART

Gombin's History from Early Times Until The First World War

The History of Gombin A. Sh. 13
Gombin and the 1905' Events Jacob M. Rothbart 21
The Yiddishe Craftsmen & Occupations in Gombin
  1. Tailors (Shneiders)
  2. Jewish Cobblers (Yiddishe Shusters)
  3. Hat Makers (Kirzshners un hitel machers)
  4. Jewish Tanners (Yiddishe Gorbers)
  5. Furriers (Peltzen machers)
  6. Bakers in Gombin (Bekers in Gombin)
  7. Jewish Butchers in Gombin (Yiddishe Katzavim in Gombin)
  8. Jewish Fruit Traders (Yiddishe Sadovnikes)
  9. Drying Fruits (Dos trukenen di fruchten)
  10. Jewish Boot Uppers Makers (Yiddishe Volkers)
  11. Musicians (Kleizmerim)
  12. Village Traders (Dorfsgayers)
  13. Market Women (Mark Zitzers)
  14. Shopkeepers in Gombin (Yiddishe Kremers in Gombin)
  15. Mordkhele, the Rope Maker (Mordkhele - shtrikmacher)
Jacob M. Rothbart 28
 

SECOND PART

Between the Two World Wars

The Social and Cultural Life

M. Guyer

49
The Public Work

Haim Rafel

53
Gombin and its Rabbis

Michael Rozenblum

60
Israel: The Religious Life

E. Finkelsztejn

64
My Years at the "Bund" in Gombin

Jakob Cyrmelinski

65
The "SKIF" (the Bund Youth Movement) in Gombin

L. Wolman

72
The Zionist Movement

Rivka Frenkel Halperin

74
The Beginning of the Zionist Movement

Louis Philips Pochekha

77
Khalutzim (Pioneers in Eretz Israel)

Zelig Ettinger

82
Hashomer Hatzair

Abram Ettinger

84
I Go to Eretz Israel

Bella Tiber Cypris

87
The Yiddish Library

Sydny Guyer

89
The Drama Circle

Simcha Chaja

91
The Sports Associations

Wolf Maintczik

94
 

THIRD PART

Der Khurban - Shoa - Holocaust

Der Khurban, The Destruction, Shoa

 

99
Poems

Rajzel Zychlinski

100
The Destruction of Gombin

Jacob Grziwacz

102
I Survived Auschwitz

Ben Guyer

104

Di Shul Brent - the Synagogue Burns

Hania Shane Tajfeld

115
In the Aryan Side

Roza Greenbaum - Dinerman

116
Hidden by a Polish Farmer

Albert Greenbaum

128
Jewish Children at the Concentration Nazi Camps

Jakob Frenkel

141
"Survived in Soviet Russia"

Abraham Zeideman

146
 

FOURTH PART

Personalities, Images and Charachters of Gombin

Rabbi Yehuda Lajb Zlotnik

A.I.

165
Rajzel Zychlinski

Abraham Szulman

167
Heboch Goldszmidt

M. Guyer

170
Marek Wolfowicz

Dzunia Wolfowicz

173
My Father: Reuven Pochekha

Louis Philips Pochekha

175
My Brother, Meir Zeideman

Abraham Zeideman

177
Images and Charachters of Jewish Gombin

M. Rothbart

179
Arie Zilberstein, the Candle Maker

Julius (Jona) Green

197
Gombiner Jokes

 

201
YIZKOR

 

215
 

FIFTH PART

The Gombiner Landsmanschaften

Gombin - America - Gombin

Sam Rafel

305
A Visit to the Gombin House in Tel Aviv

Louis Philips Pochekha

212
 

The English Part

Table of Contents (Page 162)

A Few Words

Jack Zichlin

5
Deserved Recognition Louis Philips Pochekha 9
 

Gombin - The Life of a Jewish Shtetl in Poland

A Monograph of the Shtetl Gombin Jacob M. Rothbart 13
My Shtetl Gombin Henry Grunbaum M.D, 25
 

The Years of Destruction

In the Gombiner Ghetto and in the Nazi Camps Ben Guyer (Benjamin Chaja) 45
Saved by a Peasant Family Albert Greenbaum 56
Survived as an "Aryan" Rose Greenbaum-Dinerman 67
Gombin Children in Nazi Camps Jack Frenkel 79
Survived in Soviet Russia Abraham Zeideman 83
 

The Activities of the Gombiner Societies

A Sacred Task Sam Rafel 99
History of the Gombiner Young Men's in America Jack Zicklin 105
The Activities of the Ladies Mrs. Yetta Rafel 111
Some of the Former Presidnts of the Gombiner Organization   112
The Organization in Newark Nathan Kleinert 115
The Gombiner in Detroit Louis Philips Pochekha 119
Chicago   123
IN MEMORIAM   125


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