[Page 127, Volume 2, Hebrew]
[Page 20, Volume 2, Ladino]
At the demand of the president of the community Sabi Chaltiel, four popular neighborhoods were set apart for the community: Baron-Hirsch, Calamaria, Caragatch, and 151.
On this occasion the following subjects were also recorded:
Here a number of important personages were written about, who with their works brought great benefit to the community of Jews in Salonika.
Dr. Moise Alatini: He was a renowned doctor, and always a leading donor for any good work.
Dr. Jacques Pacha Nissim: He was a Jew of Salonika who held the highest place in the armada of the Turks and had great influence on all the Turkish administration.
Emanuel Chalem: He was the greatest lawyer among the Jews of Salonika. He specialized in international law, and wrote articles on that subject.
Dr. Moche (Moise) Mizrahi: He was a celebrated doctor with a heart of gold. Seeing the suffering of the poor sick people, he began to devote a lot of time to raising the means to found a hospital for the Jews of Salonika.
Moche (Moise) Morpurgo: Called the Commander, he was the personal secretary of Dr. Alatini and did much to help the needy and the poor of the city. For many years he was president of the Hirch Hospital and the Alatini Orphanage.
Market of goods: The community had cash receipts of donations, of taxes, of monthly rent for houses or shops, of charity which was paid on diverse occasions, of profits from buying and selling land, of contributions to government, etc.
There were cash receipts to the community from commercial houses and boutiques, which were leased to bring in supplementary receipts. At that time, for various reasons, the receipts of the community did not suffice to cover all the expenditures, and the deficit of the community was large.
Based on a census by the Turkish government, begun in 1882 and finished in 1884, the number of inhabitants of Salonika was 85000 and the number of Jews 48000. In 1902, the population was 126000 and 62000 Jews. In 1919 the number of Jews had risen to 74000, but in 1920, for various reasons, it had dropped to 55000. The percentage of Jews in the population fell from 55% to 26%.
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