Footnotes

Part I

The “Rothschilds” of Pinsk and Karlin

  1. Yosef Zekharia Stern, Zekher Yehosef , p. 208, Warsaw 1860.
    S. Ginsburg, Megillah Rabbath Inyan , Yeda Am. Vol. VIII, No. 26, pp. 36-39, Tel Aviv 1963. <back>
  2. A. Lourié, Di Tsavoe fun a Pinsker Baal ha-Bayith fun Onheib Neintsenten Yorhundert , YIVO Bleter, Vol. XIII, Nos. 5/6, pp. 390-427, 1938. <back>
  3. Hamelits , 1868, No. 5, p. 36 (where the reference is to Zalman the eldest son of Shaul Karliner, and not to Zalman the son of Moshe-Yitshak Levin, since the writer of the article goes on to mention Moshe-Yitshak, the second son of Shaul Karliner). <back>
  4. Hamelits , ibid, and 1880, No. 4, pp. 277-278. <back>
  5. A. D. Dobzevich, Lo Dubbim ve-lo Yaar , p. 41, Berdichev 1890. <back>
  6. Hamelits, 1872, No. 2, p. 79. <back>
  7. Toysent Yor Pinsk , pp. 242 ff, New York 1941.
    M. Kerman, Meine Zikhreines , 100 Yor Pinsk, p. 5 (stencil) [Haifa 1953].
    S. Ginsburg, Historische Werk , Vol. I, pp. 225-227, New York, 1937. <back>
  8. Lourié, Di Tsavoe , p. 423.
    Y. T. Eisenstat and S. Y. Viener, Daath Kedoshim , p. 212, Petersburg 1897/8. <back>
  9. The Shvadron Collection , Padva Aharon Moshe, The National and University Library, Jerusalem. <back>
  10. Lourié, Di Tsavoe , p. 423. <back>
  11. Friedman, David, Sheeloth David, Yore Deah , sect 17, p. 69, Petrikov 1913. <back>
  12. Hatsefirah , 1876, No. 15, pp. 114-115.
    Y. Lifshits, Zikhron Yaakov , Pt. 2, p. 206, Kovno-Slobodka 1927 and Pt. 3, pp. 100-105, 1968 (no place of publication). <back>
  13. Hamelits , 1872, No. 11, p.80. <back>
  14. S.M. Rabinowitsch, Al Pinsk, Karlin ve-Yosheveihen, Talpiyoth, Pt. Kehilloth Yaakov , p. 16, Berdichev 1895. <back>
  15. W.Z. Rabinowitsch, Lithuanian Hasidism , London 1970. <back>
  16. Hamelits , 1862, No. 2, pp. 21-23; idem, 1868, No. 5, pp. 35-36. <back>
  17. Iggeroth Soferim … mi-Mishpahath Eiger-Sofer… sect. 54, p. 70, Vienna 1933. <back>
  18. Hamaggid , 1880, No. 35, pp. 300-301, where, like his brother Gad-Asher, he is given the family name Levin, and not Rokah or Rokeah. <back>
  19. Hamelits , 1880, No. 14, pp. 277-278. <back>
  20. Hatsefirah , 1877, No. 47, p. 373. <back>
  21. Z. Rabinowitsch, R. Gad-Asher Levin mi-Pinsk, Heavar , Vol. XIV, pp. 185-190, Tel Aviv 1967.
    Gad-Asher Levin, Pinsker Stot Luah , pp. 41-49, Vilna 1903/4. <back>
  22. The Letters and Papers of Chaim Weizmann, Volume II, III, Indexed Letters, London 1970, 1972. Professor Gershom Scholem of Jerusalem has informed me that one of Yosef Halpern's daughters was the second wife of Karl Buber, the father of Marin Buber, and another daughter was married to one of the Nathanson family in Lemberg. To complete the biographical details, it should be added that Yosef Halpern also had a daughter, who lived in Germany and married a non-Jew. Thus Yosef Halpern's sons and daughters, the great-grandchildren of Shaul Karliner and grandchildren of Gad-Asher Levin of Pinsk are representative of the three different “solutions” to the Jewish problem adopted by the Jews of those times. <back>
  23. S. M. Rabinowitsch, op. cit., pp. 10, 16, 17. Pinsker Stot Luah , ibid, p. 77.
    Hamelits , 1891, No. 291, p.3.
    Hatsefirah , 1900, No. 76, p. 322.
    Toysent Yor Pinsk , pp. 73-74, 222, 231.
    Reports of the Hevrath Mefitsei Haskalah, from the years 1865, 1869, 1872, 1873. <back>
  24. H. Weizmann-Lichtenstein, Be-Tsel Korathenu , pp. 79-80, Tel Aviv 1953. <back>
  25. Ch. Weizmann, Trial and Error , p. 40, Jerusalem 1963. <back>
  26. S. M. Rabinowitsch, op. cit., p. 10. Moment , Volumes I, II, III. Indexed Letters, London 1968, 1970, 1972. See also ibid, Vol. I, letters 13, 40, 304, 316 and Vol. III, letter 215. 1911, No. 299, p. 4. Warsaw.
    Haint , 1911, No. 301, p. 3.
    Warsaw, Toysent Yor Pinsk , pp. 116, 179, 184, 187. <back>
  27. Published in Iggeroth Yehudah-Leib Gordon, 1894. <back>
  28. Made available to me by Dr. M. Nadav of the University Library, Jerusalem. <back>
  29. See paper Tsion , 1863 (?), No. 34, Pinsk Letters. This article was not before my eyes. <back>
  30. Hatsefirah , 1877, No. 49, p. 388. <back>
  31. Hamelits , 1863, No. 20, p. 312, Idem, 1887, No. 114, p. 1203.
    Hatsefirah , 1876, No. 15, p. 113.
    Hamaggid , 1880, No. 35, p. 300 and No. 47, p. 400.
    S. M. Rabinowitsch, op. cit., pp. 11, 16. <back>
  32. Reports of the Society for the years 1865-1873. <back>
  33. Reports for the years 1888-1893. <back>
  34. Reports for 1894, 1895. <back>
  35. A. Mukdoni, Meine Begegenishen , Buenos Aires 1949. <back>
  36. Pinski Listok, 1910, No. 4, p. 2. <back>
  37. H. H. Bodenheimer, Be-Reshith ha-Tenuah , Jerusalem 1965. <back>
  38. Y. Apel, Betokh Reshith ha-Tehiyah , pp. 485-486, Tel Aviv 1936. <back>
  39. A. A. Feinstein, Megillath Puranuyoth , p. 9, Tel Aviv 1929.
    N. M. Lifshits, Di Tsionistishe Bevegung in Pinsk , Pinsker Stot Luah, p. 67, Vilna 1903/4. <back>
  40. Yisrael, Klausner, Opozitsiyah le-Herzl , p. 147, Jerusalem 1960. <back>
  41. The letters and Papers of Chaim Weizmann, Volume I, II, III, Indexed Letters, London 1968, 1970, 1972. See also ibid, Vol. I, letters 13, 40, 304, 316 and Vol. III, letter 215. <back>
  42. H. Weizmann-Lichtenstein, op. cit., p. 226. Grigory Lourié's letters to Sokolow and to Herzl are in the Central Zionist Archives, Jerusalem, Dokument Z 1/337. <back>
  43. Hamelits , 1863, No. 20, p. 312. <back>
  44. Hacarmel , 1863, No. 30, pp. 241-244. <back>
  45. In the genealogical trees made available to me by Havvah and Benjamin Hareli, two of the descendants of the Lourié-Eliasberg families, we find the name of “Rivkah Simhovich, the wife of Shemuel, the son of Moshe-Hayyim Eliasberg from Ivenets”, who died in 1873. This Rivkah was the daughter of Hirsch Simhovich (died 1852), and the granddaughter of Hayyim Simhovich (died 1826) who was the son of Hirsch-Shamash Simhovich of Minsk (died in 1799). The identity of name – Rivkah Simhovich – points to the genealogical relationship between the two women. <back>
  46. S. M. Rabinowitsch, op. cit., p. 11. <back>
  47. Hamaggid , 1880, No. 35, p. 300. <back>
  48. Hamaggid , 1880, No. 47, p. 400, and No. 48, p. 408. <back>
  49. See A. Zenzifer, Paamei ha-Geulah , p. 112, Pl. 300, Tel Aviv 1952. In the Weizmann archives there are many letters testifying to the friendship between Weizmann and Shaul Lourié (Shaichik) and referring to their meetings in Pinsk, to the close personal relations between them in foreign countries, and to Shaul Lourié's active participation in the planning of the Hebrew University and in the problems of the Democratic Faction. See: Letters and Papers of Chaim Weizmann, Indexed Letters, Vol. I, II, III. In the archives there are also six letters from Weizmann to Ovsei Lourié, ibid, Vol. I, Letters 3-8. <back>
  50. Hamelits , 1880, No. 14, p. 277. <back>
  51. Hamaggid , 1880, No. 35, pp. 300-301. <back>
  52. Hamelits , 1880, No. 3, p. 57. <back>
  53. Hamelits , 1887, No. 114, p. 1203. <back>
  54. Hamelits , 1863, No. 20, p. 312. <back>
  55. Hatsefirah , 1876, No. 15, p. 114. <back>
  56. Hamaggid , 1880, No. 35, p. 300. <back>
  57. There were at least nine marriage connections between the two families. Alexander-Sender, the son of Aharon Lourié (by his second marriage), married the daughter of Eliyahu, the son of Yitshak-Isaac Eliasberg of Ivenets, who was himself the son-in-law of Wolf Levin, the brother of Hayyah Lourié. Two of Hayyah Lourié's sons, Moshe and David, married the two daughters of Shemuel Eliasberg of Ivenets, Miriam-Leah and Rushke; and their brother, Eliayahu Eliasberg married the daughter of Moshe Lourié, Zeldah. Her sister, Rahel, was married to Moshe-Hayyim Eliasberg of Minsk, the son of Yeshayahu, her mother's cousin; and her brother, Iser-Isidore Lourié, married Agatha (Gitl), the daughter of Eliyahu Eliasberg, who was Iser's maternal uncle and brother-in-law. The son of this Eliyahu Eliasberg, Shemuel Yonah, married a Lourié girl, and Shemuel, the son of Moshe-Hayyim and Rahel (née Lourié) Eliasberg, married Frieda, the daughter of his mother's uncle, David Lourié of Pinsk. Lippa (Leopold), the son of Moshe Lourié, gave his daughter Elizabeth in marriage to Dr. Vladimir Eliasberg, the grandson of Yeshayahu Eliasberg of Minsk. This Elizabeth immigrated to Israel (1951) and died there in 1965. Her daughter, Hannah, is married to Ehud Avriel of the Israeli Foreign Ministry. Another daughter, Havvah, also works in the government office. The third daughter, Shoshannah, lives in Jerusalem, and the fourth, Miriam, in America (see A. Epstein, Kethavim, Vol. I, p. 326, Jerusalem 1950. S. Ginsburg, Megillah Rabbath Inyan, Yeda Am , Vol. VIII, pp. 36-39; idem, Historische Werk , Vol. IV, P. 290; and genealogical trees supplied to me by Havvah and Benjamin Hareli-Eliasberg). <back>
  58. Dobzevich, op. cit., pp. 40, 42. <back>
  59. Hamaggid , 1880, No. 35, p. 300. <back>
  60. H. H. Bodenheimer, op. cit., the first signature at the left-hand margin in the photocopy. <back>
  61. A. Zenzifer, Paamei ha-Geulah , p. 112, photo 360, no. 33, Tel Aviv 1952. <back>
  62. Pinsker Shtime , Pinsk 1930. <back>
  63. Y. Eliasberg, Be-Olam ha-Hafekhoth , pp. 24-25, 33, 45, 59-61, 56-66, 182, Tel Aviv 1965.
    The Letters and Papers of Chaim Weizmann, Indexed Letters, Vols. I, II, III.
    Y. Klausner, op. cit., pp. 94, 141, 168, 193.
    A. Böhm, Die Zionistische Bewegung , p. 605, Tel Aviv 1935.
    Jüdisches Lexikon , Vol. V, p. 1189, s.v.: “Jüdischer Verlag”, Berlin 1930. <back>
  64. The Letters and Papers of Chaim Weizmann, Vol. II, Letter 396. <back>

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