The Dereczyn Memorial Book
(Derechin, Belarus)

53°15' / 24°55'

Translation of Sefer Dereczyn

Published in Tel Aviv, 1966




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Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

Kevin Hanit

 

Our sincere appreciation to Mrs. Malka Bulkovstein, of the Derechin Association in Israel,
for permission to put this material on the JewishGen web site.

This is a translation from: Sefer Dereczyn The Dereczyn Memorial Book:
A Book of Remembrance Honoring the Communities of Dereczyn, Halinka, Kolonia--Sinaiska.
Tel Aviv: Deretchiners Societies in Israel and the USA. 1966


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Translated by Kevin Hanit

The Dereczyn Memorial Book

Publication Committee 4
Our Memorial Book by Yekhezkiel Raban [E & Y] 5
A Silent Kaddish for Our Dearest by Abraham-Kadish Feder [Y] 10
Deretchiner Yiskor Book Committee Letter by Abraham Feder, Sara Slotnick, Rose Siskind [E & Y] 11
Picture of the Deretchiner Yiskor Book Committee 12
To Our Dereczyn Brothers & Sisters in The U.S. by Malka Alper [Y] 13
On the Occasion of the Publication of the Book by David Rabinovich [Y] 14
Map of the Dereczyn Area 16
 
Once there was a Town… 17
        Dereczyn of the Past by Chaim Rabinovich [Y] 19
        They Exalted the Name of Dereczyn by Chaim Zvi Miller-Sinai [H] 42
        My Grandfather Occupying the Rabbinical Seat of Dereczyn by Eliyahu Herenson [H] 45
        The Dereczyn of My Youth by Shlomo Yudson [Y] 47
        Three Tales from Dereczyn of Yore by Shlomo Yudson  
                1. Fear [Y] 52
                2. An Eclipse of the Sun [Y] 55
                3. To the Hakafot [Y] 58
        The Sinai Colony by Chaim Zvi Miller-Sinai [H] 65
        From the Mouth of My Mother, of Blessed Memory by Yaffa Prozbol [Y] 68
        
At the Dawn of the Twentieth Century 69
        In the Days of Change and Transformation by Jacob Kobrinsky [H] 71
        A Torah Scroll by Fanny Boyerman-Feder [Y] 73
        Rabbis, Scholars and Teachers by Malka Alper [Y] 77
        Our Town at the Beginning of the [Twentieth] Century by Naftali Ben-Dov (Dykhovsky) [H] 80
        Haskalah, the Bund, Self-Defense by Chaim Rabinovich [Y] 81
        Sent Off to Dereczyn by Ray Raskin [Y] 91
        Stormy Years by Joe Silkovich [Y] 93
        Once Upon A Time… by Feiga-Leah Abramovich [Y] 96
        Memories from My Father's Tavern by Dvora (Dvosha) Kress-Beckenstein [Y] 97
        Bitter and Sweet Memories by Nahum Bliss-Blizniansky [Y] 99
        Jewish to the Last Breath by Moshe Kwiat [Y] 99
        Those Pious, Upstanding Jews by Esther Nissenbaum-Bricker [Y] 102
        A Night Ride on the Coach by Malka Alper [Y] 103
        A Teacher in Dereczyn by Hannah Novick [Y] 104
        From the Last Will and Testament of Simkheh the Storekeeper [Y] 106
 
In the First World War 107
        The Years of War & Occupation by Chaim Rabinovich [Y] 109
        In the Vise of the War by Malka Alper [Y] 115
        Under the Yoke of the German Occupation by Jacob Rabinovich [H] 118
        The Food Committee by Mattityahu (Mottel) Abelovich [Y] 120
        A Charity Soup Kitchen for the Needy by Malka Alper [H] 121
        War Chitchat by Malka Alper [Y] 122
 
Personalities & Their Achievements 123
        David Alper  
                My Brother, David by Malka Alper [Y] 125
                Our Unforgettable Teacher by Liza Katz-Bialosotsky [H] 126
                The Alper Family by David Rabinovich [H] 127
                David Alper, Our Teacher and Principal by Asher Shofet (Negbah) [H] 128
                He Who Is Not Forgotten Is Not Dead by Naftali Ben-Dov (Dykhovsky) [H] 129
        Rabbi Chaim Zvi Sinai-Miller  
                Our Father's Way by Khemda & Israel Artzi [H] 130
                A Figure of Shining Light by Malka Alper [H] 131
                My Mentor and Teacher by Kalman Abramovich [H] 132
                I Was Proud to Call Him 'Uncle' by Gustav Sharon (Johannesburg) [H] 132
        Chaim Lansky  
                A Difficult Childhood, A Hard Life by Jacob Rabinovich [H] 133
                Lansky In His Town by Malka Alper [H] 135
                A Poet Under Duress by Joshua Gilboa [Y] 139
                My Friend Chaim, The Dreamer by David Rabinovich [H] 141
                The Role of Home in Lansky's Poetry by Abraham Kariv [H] 142
                Poetry by Chaim Lansky [Y] 144
 
The Last Generation 149
        I See Her, Dereczyn by M. Izaakovich [H] 151
        Our Synagogues by Jacob Rabinovich [H] 151
        Dereczyn In No-Man's Land by Chaim Rabinovich [Y] 152
        During the Stormy Days by Malka Alper [H] 156
        Memories From Those Days by Jacob Rabinovich [H] 158
        A Jewish-Polish Kitchen by Malka Alper [H] 162
        Planting and the Harvest by Schraga-Fyvel Einstein (Chicago) [H] 163
        Between Zion and Revolution by Malka Alper [Y] 166
        Following Upheavals and Pogroms by Moshe Sedletsky [H] 169
        The Tarbut School As Told By a Group of Students [H] 174
        My Father, The Last Rabbi of Dereczyn by Meir Bakalchuk [Y] 178
        The Holy Rabbi, Gaon of Dereczyn, Bakalchuk zts”l by Rabbi Chaim-Chaikel Grinberg [H] 182
        The Yavneh School by Nekha Petrukhovich [Y] 184
        Betar & Tzahar In Our Town by M. Bakalchuk, A. Beckenstein, K. Abramovich [H] 187
        In the Service of the Dereczyn Community by Eliyahu Herenson [H] 193
        Visiting the Sick & Overnight Sick Watch by Nekha Petrukhovich [Y] 198
        Our Town in the Thirties by Isser Lev [H] 199
        Hatred of the Jews on the Eve of Destruction by Malka Alper [Y] 199
 
Memories 201
        This Is How We Lived in Our Town by Haya Kreslansky [Y] 203
        My Grandfather, z”l ts by Tzirel Kamenetsky [Y] 206
        Under the Bolsheviks by Mattityahu Abelovich [Y] 209
        The Budding of Zionist Socialism in Dereczyn by Naftali Ben-Dov [H] 209
        The Origins of the HeHalutz Branch by David Rabinovich [H] 211
        My Grandfather & Grandmother, z”l by Dov Gorinovsky [H] 212
        The Holy Sabbath in My Father's House by Sarah Basevitz-Slonimsky [H] 212
        Festivals and the High Holy Days by Malka Alper [Y] 213
        How Could One Possibly Forget!? By Dvora Smith-Shelovich [Y] 215
        My Birthplace, Dereczyn by Shayndl Wilenczyk [Y] 216
        My Grandmother & Grandfather by Sarah Teichman-Levinger [Y] 217
        Hiemise Lider by Moshe Kahan (Minkvich) [Y] 218
        Festival Time in Town by Chaya Beckenstein-Pilzer [Y] 220
        My Husband's Family by Nekhama Petrukhovich [Y] 221
        My Scholarly and Enterprising Father by Shimon Abramovich [H] 222
        How I Took Leave of My Home by Miriam Pechersky-Slonimsky [H] 223
        And This Is How We Emigrated to The Holy Land by Esther Dlugolansky [H] 224
        My Last Sabbath in Dereczyn by Saul Gorinovsky [Y] 225
        My Little Town, Halinka by Mina Liebreider [Y] 226
        Enlivenment in Town – An Autobus by Chaya Beckenstein-Pilzer [Y] 228
        A Comical Event by Shayndl Kamenitzer [Y] 228
        A Master of the Tanach by Meir Ziskind [Y] 230
        A Fire in Town by Leah Eliovich-Yatvitsky [Y] 232
        I Met With My Very First Teacher by Rachel Alper [H] 233
        My Family That Was Wiped Out by Shoshana Shapiro-Nozhnitsky [H] 234
        Dereczyn No Longer Exists by Dora Birnbaum-Rothstein [Y] 235
        A Visit to My Hometown by Rukhamah Ziskind-Abelovich [Y] 237
        I Was a Witness to a False Accusation by Leah Shlechter-Shapiro [H] 239
        My Brother Leibeh by Leah Elyovich-Yatwitsker [Y] 240
        My Father's House on the Schulhof by Liza Katz-Bialosotsky [H] 241
        The Pain of Memories by Rivkah Saglowitz-Dykhovsky [H] 242
 
The Destruction 243
        My Town Dereczyn by Katya Klebnik-Bialosotsky [Y] 245
        This Is How the Jewish Community of Dereczyn Was Destroyed by Masha & Abraham-Hirsch Kulakowski [H] 246
        The Fate of the Feldman Family by Rachel Efrat-Feldman [Y] 256
        The Germans Have Arrived by Sara Wachler-Ogulnick [Y] 258
        From the Hideaway into the Forest by Yehudit Yankelevich-Lantzevitzky [Y] 259
        Barely Escaping With Our Lives to the Forest by Pesha Feinsilber [Y] 260
        We Were Slaves… by Y. Reich [H] 266
        How Tzippel Beckenstein Committed Suicide by Pesha Feinsilber [Y] 267
        I Was A Refugee in Oppressed Dereczyn by Shmuel Bernstein [H] 268
        Escaped from the Slaughter by Gutka Boyarsky-Salutsky [Y] 283
        Out of the Mass Grave by Musha Novitsky-Grachuk [Y] 284
        The Destruction of the Dereczyn Jewish Community by Sh. Nieger [Y] 287
        The Bloody Tenth Day of Ab by Tsirel Kaminetsky-Friedman [Y] 288
        From the Memories of a Refugee by Y. Krimolovsky [H] 290
        The Fate of My Family by Chaya Levin-Glicksfeld [Y] 292
        During the Days of Slaughter by Katya Bialosotsky-Khlebnik [Y] 295
        This Is How I Was Saved On the Day of Slaughter by Sarah Wachler-Ogulnick [H] 298
        Remaining the Only One by Avraham-Yitzhak Medvetzky [Y] 300
        The End of Halinka by Mina Liebreider [Y] 301
        Tribulation, Torture and Death by Jekuthiel Khmelnitsky [Y] 302
        Only I Remained from My Entire Family by Chaya Einstein-Osterovitz [H] 307
        I Saw All This With My Own Eyes by Nekha Petrukhovich [Y] 308
        To the Entire World by Regina Rabinovich [Y] 310
        Al Tival and Money by Regina Rabinovich [H] 312
 
In the Forests 315
        Two Years in the Partisan Forces by Masha & Abraham-Hirsch Kulakowski [Y] 317
        The Only Imperative - Take Revenge by Jekuthiel Khmelnitsky [Y] 326
        Hunger and Death in the Forest by Tsirel Kaminetsky-Friedman [Y] 333
        Dr. Yekhezkiel Atlas – The Partisan Doctor by Dr. Y. Rockover [H] 336
        With the Dereczyn Fighters in the Forest by Shmuel Borenstein [H] 340
        The Whole Family Lost in the Forest by Gutka Boyarsky-Salutsky [Y] 349
        I Saved Myself Along With My Children by Kayla Azaf [Y] 352
        In the Partisan Camp by Yehudit Yankelevich-Lantzevitzky [Y] 356
        Two Out of the Entire Family by Moshe Kwiat [Y] 357
        We Were Saved from a Terrifying Trap by Masha Kulakowski [H] 359
        My Life in the Forests by Haya Beckenstein-Pilzer [Y] 361
        In the Forest With My Brother by Musha Novitsky-Grachuk [Y] 366
        Anti-Semitism in the Forest by Moshe Kwiat [Y] 369
        With the Partisans by Abraham-Yitzhak Medvetsky [Y] 370
        My Sister Ruzha Falls in the Forest by Katya Khlebnik-Bialosotsky [Y] 371
        The Zionist Dream in the Thickness of the Forest by Masha Kulakowski [H] 373
 
They Fell With Their Guns In Their Hands [H] 374
 
Wandering 381
        Uprooted with the Maelstrom by Meir Bakalchuk [Y] 383
        From The Foreign Land to the Homeland by Rivkah Becker [H] 392
        Torn Out of the Pulpit at Sinaiska by Rabbi Israel ben Ch. M. Kaplinsky [H] 394
 
On the Ruins 397
        Back in Dereczyn by Sarah Wachler-Ogulnick [Y] 399
        No Where to Return by Chaya Beckenstein-Pilzer [Y] 402
        On the Ruins of the Dreams of My Youth by Masha Kulakowski [H] 403
        From Forest Bunkers to Mass Graves by Malka Bulkovstein [Y] 404
        Orphaned, Abandoned, and Hopeless by Moshe & Israel Kwiat [H] 404
        A Kosher Passover Among the Ruins by Mekhama Petrukhovich [Y] 405
        Among Ruined Streets and Lanes by Meir Bakalchuk [H] 405
 
Derecziners in America 409
        The Founding of the “Deretchiners Society” by Joe (Jonah) Silkovich [Y] 411
        The Dereczyn Relief Committee in New York by Abraham Kadish Feder [Y] 414
        In Memory of Our Friend, Nathan Bliss by Jonah Silkovich [Y] 418
        Deretchiners in America by David Rabinovich [Y] 420
        Sarah Slotnick-Yanofsky, z”l by Malka Alper [Y] 423
        Her Son, Meir, z”l [Y] 424
 
Dereczyn Kinfolk in Israel 425
        Relief-Work of the Dereczyn Kinfolk in Israel by Malka Alper [Y] 427
        From Sinaiska – To the Land of Israel by Esther Dlugolansky (Petakh-Tikvah) [H] 430
        Yaakov Izaakovich, A Chess Fanatic Among the Blind by Moshe Guter [H] 431
        What I Learned from the Mouth of My Mother by Yitzhak Wachler [H] 432
 
In Memory of Deceased Dereczyn Landsleit 433
        Remarks in Memory of David Rabinovich z”l by Kalman Lichtenstein [H] 433
        My Father, of Blessed Memory by Ilan Rabinovich [H] 434
        Elkeh Lichtenstein by Malka Alper [H] 435
        At the End of the First Year by Miriam Musikant [H] 436
        Elkeh Lichtenstein of the Dykhovsky Family z”l by David Rabinovich [H] 436
        A Portrait of the Late Chava Sharar z”l of the Salutsky Family by Menahem Rahat [H] 437
        A Portrait of My Mother, Bluma, z”l by Khemda Artzim of the Sinai-Miller Family [H] 438
        In Memory of my Mother Shoshana Gutman z”l by Israel Gil-Or (Gutman) [H] 438
        A Portrait of My Mother Dina Levitin of the Sinai Family by Naomi Mizrahi [H] 439
        Israel Dror-Dereczinksy z”l , – The Man of Shfai'im by Malka Alper [H] 440
        In Honor of His Person by David Gutsfurkht [H] 441
        Hanan Abelovich z”l by Malka Alper [H] 442
        To the Memory of Yerakhmiel Edelstein z”l by Dov Gorinovsky [H] 442
        Yerakhmiel Edelstein z”l by Malka Alper [H] 443
        Isser Lev z”l by Meir Bakalchuk [Y] 444
        Rachel Eichenbaum-Walansky z”l by A. [Y] 444
        Shimon Lusky z”l by Malka Alper [Y] 445
        In Memory of Reb Mordechai Zolotkovsky by Abraham Baysman [H] 445
        Ze'ev Ogulnick z”l by M.B. [H] 446
        Moshe Izaakovich z”l [H] 446
        My Sister Shoshana z”l by Y. Izaakovich [H] 446
        Lazar Rosenberg z”l [Y] 447
        Beba, (Nekhama) Wife of Reb Yoshe Rabinovich z”l [Y] 447
        Eliyahu, son of Reb Yoshe (Joseph) Rabinovich z”l [H] 447
        Ethel (Esther) daughter of Joseph & Beba Herenson-Rabinovich z”l [H] 447
        Our Sister Rachel Alper z”l by Malka Alper [Y] 448
        Rachel had Many Facets by Amiram [H] 449
        With the Memory of Rachel Alper z”l by Meir Bakalchuk [H] 449
        Rachel Daughter of Dereczyn by Y. Raban [H] 450
        Liova (Aryeh) Greenwald z”l [Y] 451
        Nachman (Nakheh) Goldenberg z”l [Y] 451
        Alter Lobzovsky z”l [Y] 451
 
Memorial Pages [Y] 453
 
Necrology: Martyrs of the Community of Dereczyn [Y] 489


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