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Imperial Russian Occupational Terms

Source: http://www.doukhobor.org

 

Index -- A - B - Ch - D - E - F - G - I - K - L - M - N - O - P - R - S - T - U - V - Y - Z - Other Terms

 


 

A

Advokat

lawyer

Argat

(archaic) seasonal labourer

Arkhimandrit

Archimandrite; head of a prominent monastery

Ataman

Cossack military commander

B

Bannik

(archaic) bathhouse attendant

Barabanshchik

(archaic) drummer

Bobrovnik

(archaic) beaver hunter

Bochkar

cooper

Bondar

cooper

Botsman

boatswain

Brazhnik

(archaic) brewer; drunkard

Bronnik

(archaic) armourer

Burlak

barge-hauler

Ch

Chasovshchik

watchmaker

Chelets

(archaic) monk

Chenets

monk

Cherepan

(archaic) potter

Chernets

monk

Chernorabochii

labourer

D

D’yachikha

church-reader’s wife

D’yachok

reader (in church)

D’yak

scribe; clerk

D’yakon

deacon

Denshchik

(archaic) batman; officer’s servant

Doyarka

milkmaid

Drapirovshchik

draper

Dudar’

(archaic) piper

Dudochnik

(archaic) piper

Dudolad

(archaic) piper

E

Ekspert

assessor

Esaul

Cossack captain

F
Feldsher hospital assistant

Fermer

farmer

G

Glashatai

bellman

Golovshchik

choir-master in a monastery

Gonchar

potter

Gonets

(archaic) messenger; courier

Gorshenya

(archaic) potter

Grebshchik

(archaic) raker

Gvozdar’

(archaic) nailer; smith working with nails

I

Igumen

abbot

Ikonnik

(archaic) icon-painter

Ikonopisets

icon-painter

Izvozchik

carrier; drayman

K

Kalashnik

baker

Kamenshchik

mason

Kanatchik

(archaic) rope-maker

Kapitan

captain

Kapral

corporal

Karetnik

cartwright

Kelar

cellarer

Khlebnik

baker

Khodatay

solicitor

Khozyain

proprietor; master

Klyuchar’

(archaic) sexton

Klyuchnik

housekeeper; key-keeper

Kochegar

(archaic) stoker

Kolesnik

wheelwright

Kologriv

(archaic) horse-groom

Komendant

commandant

Konoval

horse-doctor

Konovalikha

wife of a horse-doctor

Kontorshchik

(archaic) clerk

Korabel’nik

(archaic) ship-attendant; sailor

Korabel’shchik

(archaic) owner of a trading vessel

Korchmar’

inn-keeper

Kormilitsa

wet-nurse

Kosar’

mower; reaper

Kosarikha

wife of a mower

Kostar’

(archaic) dice-player

Kotel’nik

brazier

Koval

(archaic) blacksmith

Kovalikha

wife of a blacksmith

Kozhemyaka

(archaic) tanner

Kozhevnik

(archaic) tanner

Krasil’nik

dyer

Krasil’shchik

dyer

Kravets

(archaic) tailor

Kukhar’

(archaic) cook

Kukharka

cook (female)

Kukol’nik

(archaic) puppeteer

Kur’yer

courier

Kuznets

blacksmith

L

Lesnik

forester

Lesorub

tree-feller

Lodochnik

(archaic) boat-owner; oarsman

Lotochnik

hawker

Lovets

huntsman

Luchnik

bowyer; bowman

M

Major

major

Makler

broker; middleman

Maslennik

dealer in butter or oil

Masloboyka

(archaic) butter-maker

Matros

sailor

Mednik

(archaic) copper-smith

Medovar

(archaic) mead-brewer

Medsestra

nurse

Medvedchik

(archaic) bear-hunter

Medvednik

(archaic) bear-hunter

Medvezhatnik

bear-hunter; safe box breaker (thief)

Mel’nik

miller

Metel’nik

(archaic) sweeper

Miroshnik

miller

Mogil’shchik

gravedigger

Molochnik

milkman

Monach

monk

Mukosei

(archaic) flour-sifter

Musorshchik

dustman

Myasnik

butcher

N

Naboyshchik

(archaic) cloth-printer

Nevodchik

(archaic) fishing net-maker

Nishchii

beggar

Nyanya

nursemaid

O

Ofitser

officer

Okhotnik

hunter; fowler

Okhrannik

guard

Otkupshchik

(archaic) tax-farmer

Otstavnoi Soldat

discharged soldier

Ovchar

(archaic) sheep-breeder; shepherd

P

Pakhar’

plowman

Pasechnik

beekeeper

Pastukh

shepherd

Pekar’

baker

Perepletchik

book-binder

Perevodchik

translator

Perevozchik

carrier; ferryman

Pesennik

(archaic) singer

Pevets

singer

Pil’shchik

(archaic) sawyer

Pisar

scribe; clerk

Pischik

(archaic) scribe; clerk

Pisets

(archaic) scribe; clerk

Pivovar

brewer

Plavil’shchik

founder; smelter

Plotnik

carpenter

Pluzhnik

(archaic) plow-maker

Pobirokha

(archaic) beggar

Pochtal’on

postman

Pochtar

(archaic) postman; messenger

Podkovalnik

horse-shoer

Podomar

(archaic) sexton

Pomeshchik

(archaic) estate-owner

Ponomar

sexton

Pop

priest

Popadya

priest’s wife

Portnoy

tailor

Povar

cook

Povarikha

cook (female)

Prepodavatel’

teacher

Protod’yakon

archdeacon

Protopop

archpriest

Psalomshchik

Psalm-reader (in church)

Pushechnik

(archaic) gunner

Pushkar

gunner

R

Rabochii

worker

Raspop

(archaic) unfrocked priest

Ratay

(archaic) soldier

Ratnik

(archaic) soldier

Razd’yakon

(archaic) unfrocked deacon

Raznoschik

(archaic) peddler

Remeslennik

tinker

Reshetnik

(archaic) sieve-maker

Rezchik

carver; engraver

Rezets

cutter

Reznik

(archaic) butcher

Rostovshchik

userer

Rudomet

(archaic) blood-letter

Rudometchik

(archaic) blood-letter

Rudometka

(archaic) blood-letter (female)

Rukavichnik

(archaic) glover

Ryadovoi

private; common soldier

Rybachka

fishwife

Rybak; Rybaka

fisherman

Rybolov

angler

S

Sadovnik

gardener

Sannik

(archaic) sledge-maker

Sapozhnik

cobbler; shoemaker; hatter

Serebrennik

(archaic) silversmith

Serebryak

(archaic) silversmith

Serzhant

sergeant

Shakhter

miner

Shapoval

(archaic) hat-maker; fuller

Shchetinnik

(archaic) dealer in bristle

Sherstobit

(archaic) fuller

Sherstoboy

(archaic) fuller

Shpyn

(archaic) blind beggar

Shveitsar

doorman; usher

Shvets

(archaic) tailor; shoemaker

Shveya

seamstress

Sinil’nik

(archaic) dyer

Skornyak

furrier

Skorokhod

runner

Smolyak

(archaic) tar-sprayer

Sobakar’

(archaic) dog-breeder

Sobol’shchik

(archaic) sable-hunter

Sokol’nik

(archaic) falconer

Soldat

soldier

Soldat

soldier

Soldatka

soldier’s wife

Solevar

(archaic) salt-worker

Solodovnik

(archaic) malt-dealer

Soshnik

(archaic) plow-maker

Sotnik

Cossack captain

Starshina

village or district administrator in Imperial Russia

Stolyar

joiner

Storozh

(archaic) guard; watchman

Strelets

musketeer

Strugovshchik

(archaic) boatman; ship-owner; ship-worker

Sudeyka

(archaic) judge

Sudomontazhnik

shipwright

Sukach

(archaic) twister (weaver)

Svinar’

(archaic) swineherd

Svinopas

swineherd

Svinukh

(archaic) swineherd

Syrovar

(archaic) cheese-monger

T

Tabachnik

(archaic) tobacco-grower

Telezhnik

wagonwright

Titar

(archaic) church-warden

Tkach

weaver

Tokar’

turner

Tolmach

(archaic) translator

Torgash

shopkeeper

Torgovets

shopkeeper

Torgovka

(archaic) market-woman

Trepach’

(archaic) fuller; scutcher

Trubach

trumpeter

Tyuremshchik

jailor

U

Ulan

lancer

V

Vinokur

(archaic) distiller

Voditel’

teamster

Vozchik

cabman; carrier; drayman

Voznitsa

driver; coachman

Y

Yamshchik

coachman

Yaryga

(archaic) servant; attendant

Z

Zavodchik

mill-owner; factory-owner

Zerenshchik

(archaic) dice-player

Zhestyanshchik

tinsmith

Zhivopisets

painter

Znamenshchik

standard-bearer; painter

Zolnik

(archaic) ashman

Zolotar

goldsmith; gilder

Zvonar

bell-ringer

 

  • Last Modified: 11-09-2013
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