Skalat, Memorial Volume of the Community
which Perished in the Holocaust


49°26' / 25°59'

Translation of Skalat; kovets zikaron le-kehila she-harva ba-shoa

Edited by: H. Bronstein, Yaacov Krol School in Petah-Tikva and former residents of Skalat in Israel

Published in Tel Aviv, 1971

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This is a translation from: Skalat; kovets zikaron le-kehila she-harva ba-shoa; Skalat,
Memorial volume of the community which perished in the Holocaust, ed. H. Bronstein.
Tel Aviv, Yaacov Krol School in Petah-Tikva and former residents of Skalat in Israel, 1971

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A Community Destroyed


Ch. B.   Acknowledgements 3
    Contents 5
Editor   Foreword 7
    Map of Skalat and the Surrounding Area 8
Avraham Shlonski   Vow (a poem) 9
I. Frischman   Greetings 10
Dr. Baruch Ben Yehudah   Project for the Commemoration of Communities 11
Chaim B.   From the History of the Town 12
Chaim Bronstein   Reflections 14
    Skalat During the First World War 18
Hadassah Katz   My Town - Skalat 21
Moshe Marder   Skalat's Pioneers in Agricultural Settlement 24
Eliezer Rosenstock   The Main Synagogue of Skalat 27
Monio Dickstein   The Betar Movement in Skalat 30
Tonka Pikholz   The Husiatyn Hassidim in Skalat 31
    The Russians “Free” Skalat in 1939 33
Eliezer Degen   How Was the Judenrat Founded in Skalat? 44
Tonka Reis (Pikholz)   I Was Saved by “Aryan Papers” 47
Peretz Landsman   In the Struggle for Life 64
From “There Are No
Butterflies Here”
  Theresienstadt   (a poem) 66
Hinda Kornweiz   Mother of the Daughters 67
    Berl the Rabbi's Son and the Brave Teacher of Skalat 68
    Belcec 70
    The Testimony of Rudolf Rader 71
    Among the Partisans 89
Baruch Amitz   With Kopbak's Men to the Carpathian Mountains 90
    The Forest Burned 93
    Echoes of the Skalat Holocaust in Russian Literature 98
    Jewish Fighters in Kopbak's Division 101
Dr. Hillel Zeidman   The End of Skalat 105
Ar'el Asheri   We Adopt a Destroyed Community 112
Haim Guri   From That Conflagration  (a poem) 116
Ar'el Asheri   Throughout the Soviet Union 117
Mordecai Orr   In the Land of Cold and Frost 118
Zeev Reuveni   From Skalat, Via Chelbinsk, to the Skies of Degania 122
    The Trial 136
    The Indictment Against Muller 137
    The Destruction of the Jews of Galicia 139
I. B. F.   The Trial, a Quarter Century After 151
    Testament 154
Fischel Goldstein   The Last Jew in Skalat 156

Translator's note:  Pages 8-9, 66 and 116 are not included in the actual Table of Contents


Skalat - Towns and Cities Surrounding  (Map) 8
Skalat 12
The Audience at the Skalat Adoption Ceremony 14
Children of the Skalat Hebrew School in 1937 17
Hadassah Katz With Her Charges in the “Gorodonia” Movement 22
The First Hebrew Speaking Group in Skalat 23
Moshe Marder With the Oldest “Gorodonia” Group 25
In the Streets of Skalat   (three photographs) 29
Husiatyn Hassidim in Skalat 32
Pioneer Youth Sees Off a Comrade Leaving for Eretz Israel 37
The Girls of the “Akiva” Movement in Skalat 40
The “Grina Kloiz” in Skalat 43
The “Bashta” - Here Hundreds of Jews Were Shot 48
Tonka's “Aryan” Papers 56
(Tonka's) Work Papers 58-9
"Skalat Water Carrier” Painted by Cipora Hermoni 63
Rosa Pickholz (with others) 68
In the Belcec Death Camp 85
The Commanders of the Murderers in the Belcec camp 88
The Wall of Fighters, Yad Mordecai Museum
(Skalat appears on the right, seventh row from the bottom)
General Kopbak With His Officers 104
Kroll School Adopts Skalat 110
Hadassah Katz Remembers, at the Adoption Ceremony 111
The Kroll School Choir at the Adoption Ceremony 113
Scroll of Remembrance 114
Dov Aloni, of Yad VaShem 115
At the Remembrance Ceremony 116
The Russian Engineer Understood Our Ambitions 124
A Red Cross Document from Prague 130
Monument to the Martyrs of Skalat, in the Martyrs' Forest 136
The Verdict in the Case of Rivel and Muller 140
A Bridge Made of Gravestones, Skalat 1967 156
Fischel Goldstein at His Old Store, with the new Shopkeeper 157
Plaque in the Chamber of the Holocaust, Mt. Zion 159
Monument to the Children of Skalat, in the Martyrs' Forest 160

Translator's note:  The list of photographs is not included in the actual book

from The Chamber of the Holocaust (Mount Zion, Jerusalem)
(P.O.Box 6426, Jerusalem 91063, ISRAEL)

Memorial Monument

to the martyrs of the city of
and the area (may G-d avenge their blood)
who were killed during the years of the Holocaust.

Oh that my head were waters,
And mine eyes a fountain of tears,
That I might weep day and night
For the slain of the daughter of my people
              (Jeremiah 8, 23)

TNZB”H (May their souls be bound in life)
Memorial day the sixth of Sivan.
 Organization of Skalaters in Israel and the Diaspora.



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