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ViewMate Posting VM 93181

Submitted by Ralph N Baer

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Information Picture Question
Category: Translation - Tombstone
Approval Date: 4/14/2021 1:07 PM
Family Surname: Baer and probably others
Country: Germany
Town: Obergrombach, Baden
Date of Image: 22 January 1754
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This is what remains of the gravestone of my 5th-great-grandfather Mordechai Leser (Elieser), the grandfather and namesake of Marx Nathan who adopted my family name Bär (Baer) in 1809. I am interested in a complete translation. The annotation states that he died on 22 January 1754 (or the previous evening).

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On  Response 
4/14/2021 4:28 PM I do not see his name as Mordechai Eliezer, but as Mordechai, SON of Eliezer. Here is my translation:
------------------------------------------------------
A righteous and honest man,

and faithful to G-d. The honored

Mordechai son of Reb Eliezer

from Ober GB. He passed away

and was buried on Tuesday, Rosh Chodesh of

Tevet 5514.

====================================================
'Reb' (in front of his father's name) is an honorific; it does not mean rabbi.

Rather than spelling out the town name Obergrombach in full, it is here shortened to Ober GB.

I read the Hebrew date of death slightly differently from the person who made the annotation that you mention. There is a slight problem, however, with both his/her and my readings. That person read the date as the 28th of Tevet, which was indeed a Tuesday (from sunset on Monday evening January 21st, 1754, to sunset on Tuesday the 22nd. Note that on the Jewish calendar, Monday evening after sunset is considered as being part of Tuesday). I can see how he or she might have read a '28', which would be represented by the letters Chaf-Chet. However, the first letter is not a Chaf but a Resh. The letters Resh-Chet are an abbreviation for "Rosh Chodesh", which means the "head of the month", in this case the first day of Tevet, 5514, which began at sunset on Tuesday, December 25th, 1753, and ended at sunset on Wednesday, Dec. 26th. The problem here is that this was a Wednesday, and not a Tuesday.
4/14/2021 6:34 PM I agree except:
It seems to say Thursday not Wednesday ( it’s a heh not a Dalet to my eyes)
It does say 28 in tevet (the letter before Chet is not a resh but a kaf!) For reasons unknown to me the final kaf (which looks like an elongated resh) was used in dates on tombstones even when it makes no obvious sense.
The year may well be תקיד which corresponds to 1754, but the stonecutter needed lessons on making letters uniform.
The final line can be reconstructed :
Abbreviation: by the short count (that is, leaving out the thousands place in the year) followed by the boilerplate abbreviation: May his soul be bound in the bonds of (everlasting) life
4/15/2021 10:37 AM I agree except:
It seems to say Thursday not Wednesday ( it’s a heh not a Dalet to my eyes)
It does say 28 in tevet (the letter before Chet is not a resh but a kaf!) For reasons unknown to me the final kaf (which looks like an elongated resh) was used in dates on tombstones even when it makes no obvious sense.
The year may well be תקיד which corresponds to 1754, but the stonecutter needed lessons on making letters uniform.
The final line can be reconstructed :
Abbreviation: by the short count (that is, leaving out the thousands place in the year) followed by the boilerplate abbreviation: May his soul be bound in the bonds of (everlasting) life
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