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Submitted by Marilyn Levinson

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Information Picture Question
Category: Photo Identification
Approval Date: 4/17/2013 5:01 PM
Family Surname:
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I found this photo or postcard among my family pictures. It shows two well dressed women behind bars and in the lower right hand corner there is a mark for the printers and engravers union. Do these women represent the working man and woman who is oppressed or specifically women who worked in the sweatshops in the early 20th century. Is it American or Russian? My grandfather was a Marxist imprisoned in Russia c. 1912 and my grandmother worked in a St. Louis shirtwaist factory.

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On  Response 
4/18/2013 10:37 AM Might the logo in the lower right provide a clue?
4/18/2013 12:27 PM Hello Marilyn,

According to Google, the logo of IPEU could possible stand for the International Photo Engravers Union. I don't know if that throws any more light on the information you need....Jo
4/19/2013 11:11 AM The women do appear to be clean, well-fed, and well-groomed. The chair, which appears to be in good condition, would be a luxury for a prisoner. One of the women seems to be wearing jewelry on her wrist - highly unusual for a prisoner.

There are bolt heads on the frame behind them (to the right of the picture). I would venture that it would be unusual for these to be inside a cell where, over time, they could be loosened.

It is possible that they are in a holding cell awaiting processing.

All this suggests to me that the women are outside - perhaps waiting to see someone who is a prisoner.

I think the imprint was simply put there by the company that made the picture and probably has no direct connection to the situation depicted in the picture.

Of course, the picture could simply be propaganda to show how prisoners are well-treated and are respectfully cared for.

Mort Rumberg
Sacramento, CA
4/22/2013 1:47 AM Is there anything on the back of this card?
4/25/2013 7:07 PM "G IPEU" is printed at the lower right. IPEU stands for the International Photo-Engravers Union of North America, formed in 1904. The IPEU logo appears on

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Photo-Engravers_Union_of_North_America

As http://www.docspopuli.org/articles/UnionBug.html explains, the logo indicates that union labor was used to print the photo.
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