The 1857 Census is a population census, enumerating individuals of all religions, regardless of property ownership. The census was mainly recorded in the German language. The 1857 Census is distinguished from others because it was conducted for the purpose of counting men for military service. For this reason, it includes an exact birthdate for men between the ages of 14 and 20 while others in the household were asked only for their year of birth. Prescribed categories were used for classification by profession. Representatives of both sexes were put into age categories, but females had fewer and broader age groups than males.
The original Census includes 9 main columns of information, as follows:
The occupations are grouped into 16 categories:
JewishGen volunteers, Peter Absolon and Eric M. Bloch, have been the main force behind the 1857 acquisition and transcription effort.
The database includes the following fields:
Names from the original Census were entered exactly as they appeared on the original list. If the name was abbreviated, it was transcribed exactly as abbreviated. No changes were made in the spellings of the name, either. If a surname was omitted (for family members) then the assumed surname was entered in square brackets. Also, following obvious misspellings of people or town names, the probable correct spelling was added in brackets.
All diacritical marks (the little accent marks used above certain letters) were ignored, with the exception of umlauts, which we included. This simplified transcription and data entry. Their only function is to guide pronunciation, which was not necessary in the construction of the database.
The database currently contains more than 11,000 records, as follows:
In addition to the usual search of surnames and towns, you can use the global text search of all fields to find all entries for a particular county (megye), given name, or LDS microfilm number.
If you are searching for a hyphenated town name or county, you must enter only the name before the hyphen or after the hyphen, but not both. At this time, the search engine is not capable of handling hyphenated names. JewishGen technicians are working on this problem.
It should be understood by all researchers that these are index files, and no attempt was made to replicate all the data in the original registers. Researchers should go to the source record, wherever possible, to obtain additional information such as witnesses, notes by the registrar, and other information.
This database is a unique contribution, and would not be possible without the hard work, dedication, and perseverance of our volunteers.
Please click here to search the 1857 Census.