A number of major censuses were conducted by the Kingdom of Hungary and the Austrian Empire, including the Vagyonösszeirás – 1828 (1828 Landowner census), the “Conscriptio Judaerum 1848” (1848 Census of the Jews), and the 1869 Hungarian census, which was a total population census, not just a landowner census. These census records have been included in the JewishGen Hungary Collection in separate databases because of their scope and importance.
Other local census, tax lists and household lists were created in the Kingdom of Hungary. Most of these “Conscriptio Judaerum” lists provided the data for calculating the notorious “Tolerance Tax” that was levied against the Jewish communities throughout Hungary. Beginning in 1747, during the reign of Empress Maria Theresa (1740-1780), the Jews were heavily taxed for the privilege of remaining in the empire, and were threatened with expulsion if they did not pay. While the formula for calculating the taxes seems to have varied over time and location, it appears that size of household, occupation, and income-producing assets were taken into consideration.
JewishGen.org became aware of the records created by the Locotenential Council of Hungary, when one of its members, Bob Hanscom, received a reply from the Magyar Országos Levéltár (Hungarian National Archives) in response to his request for information regarding available records for Trencsén (today, Trenčín, Slovakia). At that time we learned that C 55 Departamentum Judeorum included census records for Trenčín city: 1798, 1818, and 1821 and Trenčín county: 1795, 1809, 1814, 1818, 1820, and 1821. Bob Hanscom obtained paper copies of these records and agreed to head a transcription project. Additional information about the National Archives of Hungary can be found at http://www.mol.gov.hu. Information about the Locotenential Council can be found under “Description of Holdings”.
As a second phase of the project, Census records for all other Hungarian counties are being added to those of Árva, Liptó, Máramaros, Moson, Nógrád, Sáros, Szabólcs, Szepes, Trencsén, and Zemplén — the counties comprising the original database. This phase of the project is being coordinated by Eric Bloch. As new Census records are acquired, these will be transcribed and added to the database.
With this latest update to the collection, there are now more than 86,000 records available.
Please click here to learn more, and to search the data.
Finally, we would like to acknowledge that this database was assembled by JewishGen volunteers from the Hungarian Research Division. They served as transcribers, data entry, and validators, and we thank them for their hard work.
We wish to thank the Magyar Országos Levéltár (Hungarian National Archives) for granting permission to create this index. We also thank the transcribers, as without their donation of time and effort this index would not exist.
Special thank you to Erich Bloch, for coordinating this project, Vivian Kahn (Director of Hungarian Research), Joyce Field (former Director of Research), and the professional team: Avraham Groll (Executive Director), Scott Seidenstock (Database Administrator) and Warren Blatt (Senior Genealogist).
If you have any questions or would like to learn more about volunteering for JewishGen, please contact Vivian Kahn (vkahn@JewishGen.org).