The following update is from Vivian Kahn, Director of Hungarian Research:

We are pleased to announce that JewishGen has identified 19 books of civil records from Dej in Cluj county Romania, (formerly Des, Szolnok Doboka, Hungary).

The birth, marriage, and death records cover the time period from October 1895, when Hungary began civil registration, to 1916-1917 as follows:

  • Births: 1895-1916
  • Marriages: 1895-1917
  • Deaths: 1895-1916

Des was the main city in Szolnok-Doboka megye. Jews were prohibited from living in the city until 1834. After the ban was lifted, the Jewish population increased from about three in 1838 to 122 in 1857. Immigrants from Galicia comprised the majority of the Jewish community. By 1877, there were 560 Jewish residents. Menachem Mendel Paneth, son of Yehezkel Paneth, the chief rabbi of Transylvania, became the first rabbi in 1862. The first synagogue was founded in 1864, and a new one was built in 1909 when the old synagogue was given to the town’s 250 Hasidic families.

For more information see the article by Gyémánt, Ladislau from the YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe and from The Museum of the Jewish People at Beit Hatfutsot.

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